Bipolar disorder manipulative

Bipolar Disorder and Manipulation: Is There a Link?

Confusion and stigma still surround bipolar disorder. This includes believing that the use of manipulation tactics is a formal symptom.

Living with bipolar disorder can present specific challenges. Mood episodes can shape the way you think about yourself and how you interact with others.

But, does it involve using manipulation tactics?

Distinguishing myth from truth can empower those who live with bipolar disorder and help loved ones offer the support they may need.

The use of manipulation tactics isn’t one of the formal symptoms of bipolar disorder, according to the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th edition (DSM-5).

To date, there’s also no research to suggest that interpersonal manipulation is consistently linked to bipolar disorder.

“While I don’t believe nor support manipulation being linked to bipolar disorder, I can understand why one may think so,” says Lena Suarez-Angelino, a licensed clinical social worker in Woodbridge, New Jersey.

During an episode of mania or depression in bipolar disorder, Suarez-Angelino explains, you may act in certain ways that no longer hold true once the mood has passed. This could sometimes be interpreted by others as a manipulation tactic even when the intention wasn’t there.

In other cases, when someone with bipolar disorder relies on manipulation in their relationships, something else may be going on.

Everyone can use manipulation tactics from time to time. It doesn’t mean they live with a mental health condition. It doesn’t mean either that, if they do, manipulation is a symptom of said condition. But there are exceptions.

The use of manipulation tactics in someone with bipolar disorder can be the result of:

  • maladaptive coping skills
  • signs of a co-occurring mental health condition
  • trauma

“Manipulative behaviors are consistent with co-occurring disorders, such as personality disorders and substance use disorders,” says Rachel Easterly, a licensed social worker in New York City.

Interpersonal manipulation is a formal symptom of narcissistic personality disorder, for example.

It’s possible that if someone with bipolar disorder relies on manipulation tactics, they’re living with a personality disorder.

In fact, older research suggests that bipolar disorder is linked to cluster B personality disorders, which include antisocial, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic personality disorders.

Bipolar disorder can also be confused with narcissistic personality disorder (NPD) because some people experiencing episodes of mania can develop signs of grandiosity.

Grandiosity, or grandiose delusion, is a persistent belief that you’re superior or more special than everyone else. It’s a formal symptom of NPD.

A 2011 literature review indicated that as many as two-thirds of people living with bipolar disorder experience signs of grandiosity. Grandiosity may lead someone to use specific manipulation tactics in some instances.

Trauma could also lead some people to use interpersonal manipulation if they learned that openly asking for their needs to be met wasn’t safe. Research shows that many people with bipolar disorder also report experiencing childhood trauma.

Humanizing manipulation

It may help you to think of manipulation as a coping mechanism. While reframing this behavior doesn’t take away from the pain that manipulation may cause, it does help to bring compassion into the conversation. If you feel someone is manipulating you, remember that they’re likely experiencing emotional pain and may need support.

Yes, it could be a sign of mania but not always.

An episode of mania in bipolar disorder looks different for everyone. But, in general, there are a few common signs that a licensed mental health professional will look for in order to make an accurate diagnosis.

Symptoms of mania may include:

  • being easily distracted
  • challenges with impulse control
  • desire to take on more activities
  • increased self-confidence
  • talking faster than usual
  • racing thoughts
  • reduced need for sleep
  • pressured or rapid speech
  • grandiosity

Mania has some overlapping signs with personality disorders, like narcissistic personality disorder or borderline personality disorder, but manipulation isn’t usually chief among them. At least, not intentional manipulation.

“Manipulative behavior requires self-awareness of a situation, desired outcome, and strategies to achieve the outcome,” explains Easterly. “Mania often feels like it’s out of a person’s control, and people frequently act against their self-interest during episodes of mania.”

ManiaPersonality disorder (or narcissistic traits)
intermittent symptoms occurring in cyclesfixed pattern of behavior
difficulty with impulse controldifficulty with impulse control
grandiosity, as increased self-esteem, euphoric mood, and big ideas or plans that may later be unrealisticgrandiosity, as seeking validation for achievements, entitlement or feeling superior, and a sense of self-importance
talking more quickly than usual or dominating conversations because of lack of impulse controlmanipulating others on purpose during conversations
reduced need for sleepsleep disturbances or insomnia
high-risk behaviors, like lavish spending, hypersexuality, or substance usehigh-risk behaviors, like hypersexuality or substance use
challenges at work, home, school, or in relationshipschallenges at work, home, school, or in relationships

Whether someone receives a diagnosis of bipolar disorder or not, emotional manipulation can sometimes happen in relationships.

“The root cause of manipulative behaviors may be a combination of powerlessness and entitlement,” says Easterly. “A person feels entitled to the outcome they desire, but feel powerless to achieve it through direct means.”

It’s possible someone with bipolar disorder feels and acts this way, but it isn’t because of bipolar disorder.

Emotional manipulation tactics may include:

  • blame-shifting
  • comparing you to others
  • criticism
  • gaslighting
  • guilt trips
  • love bombing
  • lying
  • minimizing hurtful behavior
  • judgment
  • passive-aggressiveness
  • silent treatment
  • stonewalling
  • triangulation
  • withholding affection, communication, or gifts

Bipolar disorder can be managed and treated. But, since manipulation isn’t a formal symptom of the condition, the first step may be to explore the root cause of manipulative behaviors.

Only a mental health professional can provide an accurate diagnosis. If it’s determined that other factors are involved, such as a personality disorder, they can structure a plan that allows for coping and treatment of both conditions.

Treatment for bipolar disorder usually includes a combination of talk therapy, medication, and lifestyle adjustments.

“Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is common for treating bipolar disorder, however, I also believe dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) would be useful in treating bipolar disorder and patterns of manipulation,” says Suarez-Angelino. “DBT helps to learn how to be in control of your own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors.”

Research shows that dialectical behavioral therapy (DBT) can help improve several symptoms associated with bipolar disorder, including mania and emotional regulation.

DBT and CBT are also commonly used in the treatment of personality disorders.

If your loved one lives with bipolar disorder and you feel they’re manipulating you, it’s important to remember that the two factors aren’t formally related.

Their use of manipulation tactics may be a result of learned behavior or a sign that something else is going on.

“Give support to the person that appears to have bipolar disorder with manipulative tendencies,” says Suarez-Angelino. “It is OK to want to feel guarded or have difficulty trusting, but rather than pushing them away, learn how to work together to be a positive part of their support system.”

You may find it useful to:

  • develop healthy boundaries
  • disengage or set time limits
  • respond confidently and stand in your truth
  • seek out individual therapy or find a support group
  • take notes to keep track of interactions

If possible, try to encourage your loved one to seek the guidance of a licensed mental health professional if they haven’t already. You could also suggest couple’s therapy or family counseling.

Manipulation isn’t a formal symptom of bipolar disorder, although some people with the condition may exhibit this behavior.

In some cases, manipulative behavior is a result of living with another mental health condition, such as personality disorders, substance use disorders, or trauma.

Finding the root cause of the manipulative behavior can help in addressing it directly or as part of a more comprehensive treatment plan. In all cases, this symptom can be managed and support is available.

Are bipolar people manipulative?

6 Answers

Dr. Shawna Benson Psychologist CHAMPLIN, MN

Not any more so than people without mood disorders. If a person with bipolar disorder also has a personality disorder, like Borderline Personality Disorder, you may see more manipulative behavior from that person.

Dr. Nancy Johnson Warren Psychologist Charleston, South Carolina

Being manipulative is not a characteristic of Bipolar disorder. You are describing something that is a problematic behavior not necessarily associated with a specific diagnosis. Be clear with the person about what you will and won't do - in other words keep your boundaries. This is the best way to handle manipulation.

Nancy J. Warren, PhD

Expert Answers

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Have a question aboutPsychiatrist?Ask a doctor now

Dr. S. Faye Snyder Psychologist Granada Hills, California

They are, or they can be, because they believe they have skills to do great things or they do not. They alternate between these two extreme beliefs. Either/or. I emphasize beliefs over knowledge. They have such low self-esteem within that they have to convince themselves and the world outside that they are special. They were raised to believe they are special, because they come from a special family or a family of special expectations. However, they were not nurtured into the skills of success. They don't understand how achievement is created by perseverance and hard work. They have some magical thinking: If I believe it, it is so. They act "as if", and ultimately it backfires, so they hit bottom in despair over the alternate belief that they are worthless and will never matter. When the pain is too great, they dissociate and have a sort of "religious experience," and re-discover how magnificent they are. Then, they "act as" if to prove it.

Dawn Littlefield Psychologist Oktaha, Oklahoma

Being bipolar doesn't make them more or less capable of being manipulative. Just being human causes that. Having said that, some people will use their diagnosis as an excuse for bad behavior. Don't accept that. Being bipolar doesn't give them an excuse to be abusive or manipulative. Hold him accountable for his actions. He could be seeing you excuse his behavior or acting guilty and using it.
If this is new behavior it could be linked to his medicine. Please tell the Dr about your concerns

Emily O'Hara Psychologist North Chicago, IL

People who have a diagnosis of bipolar disorder are not manipulative by nature. Symptoms of bipolar disorder involve manic (bipolar I) or hypomanic states (bipolar II), symptoms of which can lead to increased impulsivity and other risk-taking behaviors, which may involve actual manipulative behaviors, or manipulation as perceived by others.

Dr. David J. Koehn Psychologist Fort Myers, Florida

Take a peek at this link regarding your question:

Narcissists: who they are, signs of narcissism, rules of conduct

The article was checked and commented by clinical psychologist and scientific researcher Christina Andreyuk.

  1. Who is
  2. How to recognize
  3. Men and women
  4. Types
  5. Treatment
  6. How to communicate
  7. How to leave

Who is a narcissist?

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Narcissism is a feature of the psyche in which a person perceives himself as a unique individual, considers himself better than others, which is not always true. In fact, these traits are present in the character of many people. In a healthy personality, they result in ambition and a desire to please. But under a certain scenario, laid down in childhood, such behavior can turn into a pathology, which is often accompanied by other diagnoses, such as bipolar disorder and depression.

Contrary to popular belief, people with narcissistic personality disorder do not like themselves very much. Rather, they admire their grandiose projection, which allows them to close gaps in their own self-esteem. Such protection allows narcissists to avoid deep feelings and self-doubt. A person with this disorder does not tolerate minimal criticism, he perceives remarks as a personal insult and is able to throw a tantrum if someone refuses to admire him. You can check how narcissistic traits are characteristic of you or your partner using the NPI questionnaire [1]. The more positive answers a person gives to statements from the list compiled by American psychologists and researchers Robert Raskin and Howard Terry, the more narcissistic features appear in him. Meeting people with a true personality disorder is not easy. According to various sources, their number in society varies from 1 to 6%.

How to recognize a narcissist?

According to the American psychiatrists' handbook "Diagnostical and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders" [2], there are nine signs of narcissistic personality disorder. If at least five of these are present, a doctor may suspect a disorder. Usually such a person:

  1. Has an inflated sense of self-importance. He often exaggerates his achievements and talents. Expects people to admire his actions, even if they were minor. If the narcissist organized the cleaning of the yard, then at least the district newspaper should write about it.
  2. Preoccupied with fantasies of unlimited success, power, beauty, or ideal love. To each new partner, the narcissist can say that he is the love of his life or wait for him to fulfill his fantasies. The beginning of such a relationship is a magical, but short period. In work, the narcissist, according to him, is a genius. If he has not been able to achieve great results, he is simply sure that success lies ahead of him, even if it is time for him to retire.
  3. Believes that he is not like others and has few equals. Therefore, the environment must match. The narcissist chooses “special” people as friends and partners, for example, with high social status or model appearance. Thus, he seems to reflect himself through them, because his problems are unique and can only be understood by special people. Narcissists like to be associated with big brands, whether it be in their work projects or clothing choices.
  4. Requires constant attention, recognition and admiration, even if you just took out the trash or cooked dinner.
  5. Absolutely sure that everyone owes him. Expectations for other people are usually very high. Close people are obliged to fulfill the requests of the narcissist at the first call.
  6. Uses other people to achieve his own goals. For him, it goes without saying. The narcissist is not used to sincerely thanking for services and does it only within the framework of the accepted ethical norm.
  7. It is difficult for him to experience empathy. Such people are not able to draw a parallel between their feelings and the feelings of others. Therefore, the narcissist does not even think about when he hurts someone. Very often, this behavior is mistaken for abuse by partners of narcissists. In fact, he may be concerned with how to hide the shame of his failure and not lose his greatness.
  8. Often jealous of others and believes that others envy him. In the latter case, it is by this circumstance that the narcissist explains the criticism of others in his address.
  9. Arrogant towards other people. Such a person absolutely sincerely believes that he is better than others, and other people's shortcomings are an excellent reason to assert himself.

To decide to end a relationship with a narcissist, write down the reasons for breaking up and keep the list with you

© Unsplash

Men and women are narcissists disorder in one form or another, men are more likely to be affected by this disorder than women.

The data were collected over a period of 30 years, and the percentage ratio between the sexes did not change much during this time [3].

In doing so, the researchers noted two important points. First, male narcissists were more likely than females to exploit others and believe they were entitled to certain privileges. Secondly, men were more likely to seek power. Scientists explain this by the fact that until recently, leadership qualities did not meet the criteria for femininity. According to one of the authors of the study, Emily Griyalva, girls are more often criticized for aggressiveness and authoritarianism. Thus, society unconsciously suppressed manifestations of narcissistic behavior [4].

As regards vanity and striving for a bright self-presentation, in this respect there was no significant difference between men and women.

Types of narcissists and how they are formed

There are different approaches to the formation of narcissism, including studies that allow for genetic influence, but this is not a decisive factor in the formation of personality.

In 1914, Sigmund Freud stated that children somehow go through a stage of primary narcissism. He believed that this was an intermediate stage of growing up, but later he singled out other forms of narcissism, to a greater extent associated with mental disorders.

Neuro-Freudian Karen Horney argued that the development of such character traits may be due to the fact that parents in various ways pushed the child to create psychological protection. For example, they could delegate the embodiment of their ambitions or rejected the real manifestations of the child, instilling a sense of inferiority.

The contribution of parental figures to the formation of narcissistic disorder is also noted by psychotherapist and researcher Otto Kernberg. He compares narcissism with a false prop that a person erects in order to receive from others the admiration and confidence that he did not receive from his parents in childhood and cannot give himself in adulthood [5].

In the book of psychologist Elinor Greenberg "Borderline, Narcissistic, and Schizoid Adaptations: the pursuit of Love Admiration and Safety" [6], the author divides narcissists into three types:

  1. Open, or grandiose. Embodied stereotype. A bright character illustrating this feature of development and behavior. His whole being screams, "Look at me." This childish behavior indicates that a person is stuck at an age when adults pay a lot of attention to the child, praise him excessively, suggest that he is special, forgetting to teach him empathy.
  2. Hidden or depressive. Such people can grow up in families where one of the relatives, including mother or father, was a narcissist. At the same time, there was a high level of competition for love and attention. On the one hand, children copied the behavior model of narcissistic parents, on the other hand, such a child formed protective mechanisms, since an adult narcissist would certainly assert himself at his expense. Growing up, such people may not openly say that they are special. They would rather choose a person, a book, an object and exalt their virtues. Thus, the narcissist puts them on a par with himself. In personal relationships, such people do not like direct conflicts. Their weapon is passive aggression. A favorite technique is to promise and not deliver, and then blame the other person for everything. They tend to be insecure, and ambivalent behavior often leads them to depression.
  3. Perverse or toxic. Such people go even further. They love not only admiration, but also submission. Narcissists of this type love to wreak havoc around themselves, the same that reigned in their childhood in relationships with their parents. These narcissists often give their partners an emotional rollercoaster of humiliation and praise. They take pleasure in destroying other people's careers, destroying people morally and spiritually.

Mixed representatives of these types also exist.

Treatment for Narcissism

Most often, narcissists do not even suspect that something is wrong with them, because they do not tend to blame themselves for something. So if such people were seen by a specialist, then the reason for this could be related problems: depression, bipolar disorder, or excessive alcohol consumption. There is no cure for narcissism yet. Psychotherapy has a positive effect on such patients. Properly structured classes can help a person establish relationships with loved ones, learn to withstand criticism, stop despising themselves and others, set realistic goals and achieve them, and not dream of sky-high heights [7].

Although there is no cure for narcissism yet, psychotherapy has a positive effect

© Thiago Matos / Pexels

How to communicate with a narcissist?

Building an even relationship with a narcissist is not always easy. Some prefer to just cut them off. But what if this is not possible? Let's say that person is a family member or ex-husband/wife with whom you have children in common.

  • The first thing psychologists advise is to try to detach yourself emotionally. Ignore toxic statements and manipulations. It is useless to expect sudden changes in behavior from such people. According to research, narcissists do not tend to learn from their own mistakes simply because they are sure they did not make them [8].
  • Your personal boundaries are your guard against the actions of a narcissist. “This won’t happen to me anymore”, “I won’t fall for these manipulations” - phrases that will help to avoid an unpleasant conversation or intrusive requests of a narcissist. You can't wait for a response.
  • The shortest possible answers, conditionally “yes” and “no”, are your main allies in a dialogue with such a person if he began to resort to manipulation. By minimizing communication, you give him much less reason to hook on to some phrase and launch an attack.
  • Stick to the topic of conversation and don't get sidetracked. Perhaps your counterpart will try to knock you out of the saddle with accusations or get personal. In this case, the phrase “We are going off topic” will help bring the discussion back on track.
  • Compliments. If you really need to get something out of a narcissist, don't be stingy with praise. Most likely, he will even enjoy fulfilling your request. Yes, this is manipulation, but who said that only a narcissist can use this technique?

How to get away from a narcissist

The end of a relationship is never easy. With a narcissist, breaking up can be doubly difficult. For him, the fact that he was abandoned is an intolerable insult. That is why he will try by hook or by crook to bring the partner back. During this period, he will become sensitive and gentle, will swear eternal love and will do this until his victim loses his vigilance. Often, therefore, relationships with a narcissist develop into a cycle of breaks and reunions. Nevertheless, if you decide to put an end to your communication, psychologists recommend the following:

  • Write down the reasons why you want to leave. It's best to keep this list around in case the narcissist decides to drag you back into the relationship by talking about eternal love.
  • Give up illusions. It is difficult for such people to change, especially without the help of a specialist. Do you have time to wait until he finally learns to show empathy and respect?
  • Break all contacts. Ask a friend to pick up your belongings from the narcissist. Block this person in all phones and messengers. If you have children in common, at first ask someone close to you to be with you at general meetings.
  • Release your feelings. Breaking up, even with a toxic person, is always hard. Give yourself time to get over this situation. Just don't expect the narcissist to suffer in return. Most likely, during this period, he will try to restore his shattered ego and will choose not the most pleasant ways for this: either he will tell everyone what a bad person you are, or seek solace in the arms of someone else.

There are nine signs of narcissism, but five signs can already be suspected of it

© Martino Pietropoli / Unsplash

Kristina Andreyuk, clinical psychologist, researcher. Research interests: mentalization, manipulative behavior, personality disorders

In addition to family relationships, external factors can also enhance narcissistic traits. Media and social networks broadcast often unattainable ideals, and self-improvement services are imposed by advertising. All this can affect the psyche.

In "normal narcissism" people try to please others, to achieve success in work, which helps them to adapt in society. However, in the case of pathology, a person's ideas about themselves are distorted. In this case, the emphasis is on the grandiosity of his figure. He experiences difficulties in forming adequate ideas about other people, abuses manipulations, grossly violates the boundaries of the interlocutor and ignores his comfort. Narcissistic features can manifest themselves in pathological perfectionism, hypochondria, constant attempts to correct their "flaws", including, for example, transforming one's appearance as the most noticeable attribute of self-presentation for others.

On the surface, narcissists give the impression of being rather pleasant people. According to research, many socially active narcissists have charisma, know how to hold an audience, are not afraid to express themselves, appear self-confident, and have high claims regarding academic and professional achievements. These qualities often show up in job interviews and help narcissists get into leadership positions. However, such bosses may use too subjective criteria when evaluating employees, focusing not on their professional achievements, but on the degree of admiration, devotion, and the absence of doubts about the correctness of the leader's decisions.

Close relationships are difficult for narcissists. In partners and friends, they are primarily looking for confirmation of their exclusivity, superiority (which reinforces vulnerable self-esteem). Often, such people confuse the attachment that accompanies healthy partnerships and collaborations with the addiction that can shackle and inspire fear. The demands of constant adoration and recognition of their grandiosity, which the narcissist often implements in the form of excessive control over the thoughts and feelings of a partner, in most cases, sooner or later are not fully satisfied, which leads to conflicts and increased manipulative behavior.

If you have found any manifestations of narcissistic traits in yourself and want to change them, then it will be useful for you to develop the skills of self-reflection, mentalization (understanding mental states), work on the development of emotional intelligence, empathy (for example, discuss with friends the films you have watched, read books in terms of understanding the inner world of the characters, their motivation, etc.). It is very important to learn to analyze what is happening from different positions, without sliding into extreme points, such as, for example, idealization and depreciation - look for alternative explanations. Try to look at situations or actions from different angles, noting the possible positive aspects of seemingly negative events, including during conversations with loved ones.

If your loved one has narcissistic traits, you need to learn how to track the emotional states of both you and your interlocutor. It is necessary to soberly analyze situations of interpersonal communication. For example, learning to recognize imposed guilt requires being able to maintain your boundaries and autonomy of choice. Psychotherapeutic help will be useful in both cases.

Tags: psychology

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SCHLIESSLICH WILL MAN JA KUNST SCHAFFEN Daniel Kehlmanns humoristische Poetik

Daniel Kelmann's narration is often understood as "ironic" and thus placed on a par with works written in the tradition of romanticism in the spirit of Friedrich Schlegel. It would still be more correct to speak of "humor" in the context of Schopenhauer's philosophy of pessimism, which is characteristic of nineteenth-century poetic realism. What is important here is not the cultivation of longing that arises from the awareness of the contrast between the ideal and reality, but a cheerful mood (some consolation) in the face of tragic reality.
D. Kelman's novel Measuring the World, which has received worldwide recognition, should not be regarded as a reliable historical document, but as a free play with the biographical facts of Alexander von Humboldt and Carl Friedrich Gauss. D. Kelman focuses primarily on the fantasy of "magical realism" characteristic of South American writers of the 20th century (for example, Gabriel Garcia Marquez).

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[html]modern literature poetics irony realism Daniel Kehlmann’s oeuvre is often interpreted as ‘ironic’ and thus put on a par with works following Friedrich Schlegel’s tradition of Romanticism. It would be more accurate to speak of ‘humour’ in the context of Schopenhauer’s philosophy of pessimism characteristic of the 19th century poetic realism. The central element is not nurturing ennui resulting from awareness of the contrast between the ideal and reality but rather cheerful disposition (consolation) in the face of reality. Kehlmann's world-famous novel Measuring the World should be considered not as a veracious historical document but rather as a free play with the biographies of Alexander von Humboldt and Karl Friedrich Gauss. Kehlmann focuses on the ‘magic realism’ characteristic of the 20th century South American authors (for instance Gabriel Garcia Marquez).

Kaminskaya Yu.

I and Kaminskaya-I and? About the subject in the works of Kelmann and works of German-language poetry

Literary incarnations of subjectivity after 1900 undergo significant changes, partly due to the rapidly growing diversity and synthesis of ways to create artistic reality. In this context, Daniel Kelman's novel "Me and Kaminsky" (2003) is considered. Its material is compared with the poetic works of German-speaking authors, which makes it possible to establish similarities and get closer to understanding the most general trends in modern culture.

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[html] German modern literature Austrian prose modern German-language poetry subject subjectivity After 1900 literary manifestations of subjectivity undergoing serious changes which contributed to the increasing diversity and synthesis of means to create a literary reality. Daniel Kehlmann's novel I and Kaminski (2003) is analyzed from this perspective. Its text is compared with poetic works of German authors which makes it possible to identify similarities and understand the general trends in modern culture.

Potemina T.

Literary text in German classes with graduate students: an interdisciplinary aspect

Based on excerpts from the novels "Journey to Tierra del Fuego" by H. Konsalik and "Measuring the World" by D. Kelman, an attempt is made to conceptually comprehend the scientific paradigm in modern prose and the possibility of using it as a material for discussion in a German language class with graduate students. The fate of scientists on the example of literary heroes can serve as a valuable guide for novice researchers.

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[html] scientific paradigm interdisciplinary connections artistic text graduate students German. This article is an attempt at a conceptual interpretation of the scientific paradigm in modern prose and the possibility of using it in discussions in German classes with PhD students. Fragments from Hans Konsalik's Journey to Tierra del Fuego and Daniel Kehlman's Measuring the World are used to this end. The biographies of scientists — as shown through literary characters — can serve as a basis for role models for young researchers

Potemina M.

Metanarrative in Daniel Kelman's Glory

The process of constructing and reconstructing a literary text is considered on the example of D. Kelman's novel "Glory" (2009). Using various narrative strategies, D. Kelman creates a multi-level, artistic space, the basis of which is the meta-narrative and self-reflection of the characters and the narrator. Duality, mixing of reality and fiction, mirroring, as well as the reader's involvement in text modeling through cross-references and intertextual connections become the basis of D. Kelman's poetics.

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[html]D. Kelman metanarrative modern novel self-reflection. This article focuses upon the features of constructing and re-constructing a literary text in the case of Daniel Kehlmann’s novel Fame (2009). Using various narrative strategies Daniel Kehlmann manages to create a multilayered fictional space based on meta-narration and self-reflection of the characters and the narrator. The duality amalgamation of reality and fiction reciprocity and the inclusion of the reader into the process of textual modeling through cross-references and intertextual connections constitute the basis of Daniel Kehlmann’s poetics.

Tsvetkov Yu.

Game space of Daniel Kelman's novel Measuring the World

The relativity of the game rules, which are observed in their research by two brilliant scientists - Alexander von Humboldt and Gauss, is considered. The exhaustion of the multidirectional game strategies of scientists is explained by the change in their roles: they turn from the subjects of the game into the objects of the game of Nature, Time and Chance. The central metaphor of the card game in the novel determines its composition and genre, which can be defined as a postmodern novel about the incomprehensibility of the nature of genius

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[html]subject-object game anthropic game ontic game game within a game rules of the game role reversal postmodernism This article explores the relativity of game rules followed by two outstanding scientists – Alexander von Humboldt and Gauss – in their research. The exhaustiveness of the scientists’ multidirectional game strategies is explained by a change in their roles: they turn from subjects of the game into its objects ruled by the Nature Time and Chance. The central metaphor of gam¬bling defines the composition of the novel and its genre which can be defined as a postmodernist novel about the incomprehensibility of the nature of genius.

Chugunov D.

Optics of vision in Daniel Kelman's novel "The Last Limit"

The question of textual dominance is considered in relation to the "Last Limit" - one of the most famous novels of the modern German writer D. Kelmann. The organization of the text in this novel is described, semantic parallels are drawn to other works of world literature. The question is raised about the impact of modernist experiences of the twentieth century on the work of the writer


This article considers the textual dominant in the context of The Farthest Place — one of the most famous novel of the modern German author Daniel Kehlmann. The organization of the novel's text is described and parallels to other literature works are drawn. The article focuses on the influence of the 20th century modernist experiments on Kehlmann’s works.

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Kelman text dominant narrative visualization

Problems of the theory and methodology of professional training of a linguist at a university


Features of the implementation of the program of the international project ACCESS in the Kaliningrad region based on the principles of inclusive education

The implementation of the two-year program of the ACCESS international project in the Kaliningrad region based on the principles of inclusive education provides an opportunity for children with disabilities and children from socially vulnerable families to learn English and develop their foreign language communicative and intercultural competencies in a highly effective, accessible, innovative intercultural educational environment.

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[html]Inclusive education integration children with disabilities principles of inclusion intercultural competence The implementation of the English Access Microscholarship Program (ACCESS) in the Kaliningrad region is based on the principles of inclusive education. It makes the study of the English language more accessible to adolescents from an economically disadvantaged background and children with special needs. A greater sensitivity to cultural differences coupled with the acquired language skills enable the participants to take advantage of opportunities that had previously been unavailable to them

Tambovkina T. Nasyrova A.

Regional identity is an important component of the professional training of a bachelor of linguistics at a university

The issue of the role of regional identity in the professional training of a bachelor of linguistics at a university is considered. The main requirements for the results of professional training are revealed, as well as the content of the concept of "regional identity" and the existing conditions for ensuring the educational process, which contribute to the formation of regional identity in a higher language school.

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[html]professional training at a higher language school regional identity Bachelor of Linguistics The article is devoted to considering the significance of regional identity in the context of language education of a bachelor of linguistics. The authors identify the key requirements for professional training the content of the notion of “regional identity” and the learning environment of language universities facilitating the development of regional identity.

Word to young scientists

Abashova O.

The functional significance of the modal-evaluative component in the structure of the concept (on the example of M.A. Bulgakov's novel "The Master and Margarita"

The features of the relationship between modality and concept are revealed; the nature of the connection between modal-evaluative values ​​and the concept, the functional significance of the modal-evaluative component in the structure of the concept is established; describes the structure of the concept, its core and interpretation part; on the example of the concept "duty" in the context of a work of art, the modal basis of the concept is confirmed.

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[html] concept modality modal basis modal-evaluative meaning concept structure grade context the concept of debt. This article analyzes connections between modality and concept. The author explains the way modal meanings are connected to concepts stresses the functional value of modal meanings for concept structure and considers the structure of concept its nuclear and interpretation field. The concept of "duty" in the context of a literary text is used to prove the modal background of the concept.

Ivanova N.

Motive modality as a mechanism for the formation of universal values ​​(on the basis of Russian and English translations of biblical idioms)

Various types of incentive modality and ways of realizing their meanings in the semantic structure of biblical idioms are explored. It is put forward that the formation of universal human values ​​in biblical idioms is realized due to the incentive modality, which is represented by various types of modal meanings: suggestives, requestives, prescriptives.

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[html] incentive modality biblical idiom human values suggestive request prescriptive This article considers different types of imperative modality and the ways their meanings are manifested in the semantic structure of biblical idioms. It is assumed that in biblical idioms the formation of universal human values ​​is based on the imperative modality represented by suggestives requests and prescriptives.

Ieronova I. Beley M.

Elements of fantasy in the French postmodern discourse on the example of B. Weber's novel "Thanatonauts"

The article is an interdisciplinary study within the framework of text linguistics, linguopoetics and narratology. It highlights the problems of modern fantastic (fictitious) discourse, considers the points of view of the leading postmodern theoreticians J. F. Lyotard, J. Derrida, as well as scientists who have devoted their research to the actual fantastic discourse: Ts. Todorov and R. Lachmann. Practical material is presented on the example of the work of the contemporary French postmodernist writer Bernard Werber.

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[html]postmodernism discourse fiction fiction Werber. This article presents an interdisciplinary study on text linguistics linguo-poetics and narratology. It addresses the problems of modern science fiction discourse and analyzes the ideas of the leading theorists of postmodernism — J.-F. Lyotard and J. Derrida — as well as those of scholars focusing on the science fiction discourse — T. Todorov and R. Lachmann. The practical material of the study is the works of the modern French postmodernist author Bernard Werber.

Knyazeva M.

Semantic oppositions as a means of explication of bipolar personality disorder in Stephen Fry's autobiography MOAB IS MY WASHPOT

The semantic oppositions that play a key role in the depiction of bipolar affective personality disorder of the writer S. Fry in his autobiography are investigated. The basis for the emergence of oppositions is the ontological stratification of the author's personality into the young narrated "I" and the mature narrating "I". It has been established that these oppositions are both intrapersonal and interpersonal in nature and are updated in the text with the help of relevant linguo-stylistic means.

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[html]bipolar affective disorder autobiography semantic oppositions narrating "I" narrated "I". This article analyzes the semantic oppositions essential for describing Stephen Fry's bipolar affective disorder in his autobiography. This opposition is based on the ontological fragmentation of personality into the young I narrative and the mature I narrator. It is established that these oppositions are both intrapersonal and interpersonal and are manifested through relevant linguistic stylistic devices.

Kurakina N.

Linguistic and stylistic means of expressing age identity in complementary utterances (based on works of modern English, American and Russian fiction)

The linguistic features of the generation and perception of complimentary statements by representatives of different age categories belonging to English, American and Russian cultures are identified and analyzed. The language of communicants of different ages is not identical, and therefore there is a need for a detailed consideration of the issue of reflecting age parameters in the language.

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[html]compliment age identity mature age identity youth age identity English culture american culture Russian culture. This article identifies and analyzes the linguistic features of the generation and perception of complimentary phrases in different age groups belonging to English American and Russian cultures. The language of representatives of different age groups is dissimilar therefore there is a need to consider the effect of age parameters on language.

Soskina S. Sur E.

The specifics of using manipulative techniques to influence public opinion (on the basis of the 2012 US presidential election campaigns)

Manipulative techniques used in the texts of the election campaigns of 2012 US presidential candidates B. Obama and M. Romney are identified and analyzed. Language manipulation is presented as one of the main components of the election campaign, acting as a reliable guarantor of the implementation of the task assigned to it. The main task of the pre-election discourse is understood as victory in the elections. The article demonstrates the results of a comparative analysis of the manipulative techniques used by American candidates and their subsequent comparison to determine the set of the most effective manipulative techniques for influencing the consciousness of the electorate.

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[html] language manipulation election campaign public opinion consciousness discourse. This article considers manipulative techniques used by US presidential candidates B. Obama and R. Romney in the 2012 election campaign.

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