Service dog deep pressure therapy

Public Access Training, Records, Bonding

How do I go about public access training? Way before public access training, how do I bond with my service dog prospect? Why should I keep records of my public access training and disability mitigation training?

PSDP answers these common questions that go beyond the basics of training a service dog (and more!) on this FAQ page. For a Q&A about the basics of service dog training, see our FAQ on training—basics. Continue your education with the resources in the training section of our site.



The answers are expandable by clicking on the questions below.

How do I go about public access training my service dog candidate?

We recommend positive training methods to train your service dog. The steps we recommend taking are here:


A website can only give an overview—this cannot substitute for professional guidance, which we recommend for everyone training a service dog.

For public access training specifically, the first thing you should do is work on socialization and other exposures. This means you need to get your dog prepared to encounter every type of person, every type of noise, every type of situation. Recruit individuals to pet your dog and have treats they can give your dog.

You can work on socialization and other exposures by hanging out in front of large stores or other heavily trafficked areas. Practice pushing a cart around in a parking lot, walking past all kinds of people (with hats, different outfits, etc.), including kids. Don’t forget to safely socialize your dog with other dogs as well. Puppy classes are great for this.

Next, work in dog-friendly stores like some hardware stores, some bookstores, and some mall department stores (ask and you might be surprised). Once your dog is trained to behave in this environment, and can pass our Service Dog in Training Manners Evaluation (is able to safely be trained in no-pets places), it’s time to take your dog to no-pets-allowed stores as a service dog in training (SDIT). Check your state laws for SDIT access rights and responsibilities, and consult with a professional to help evaluate your dog’s progress and readiness.

Before taking your dog out as a service dog in training, train your dog to be comfortable in working gear, such as a vest labeled with an “In Training” or “Future Service Dog” patch (consult your state laws). Train your dog to ignore people without prompting while it is in vest, and that it can pay attention to others to the degree you prefer when out of vest and working environments. When your dog is ready for no-pets places, it is a courtesy—and in some locations, a legal requirement—that your service dog in training is clearly marked as such so that others understand you’re not just taking a pet everywhere.

Remember that “slow is fast” and keep your public access training light and easy. Set your dog up for success by starting off with just 5 minutes at a time in a store. Gradually (over different days) work your way up to more and more time, until your dog is able to stay with you while you do errands in the store.

Note that in the beginning, you should not be doing errands while public access training your dog. Instead you should focus all your attention on public access behavior and training, since negative experiences can have lasting effects that can require a lot more work to overcome.

For more information, see our training section, including the exposure checklist and the article on preparing for no-pets places.

. What do people in the service dog community mean by 'slow is fast'?

Taking your time to go through the service dog training process usually results in a better behaved, more solid dog than rushing through things. Keep training and learning light and fun, and don’t push your dog.

By taking it slow, you can ensure your dog will more easily fall into the job of a well behaved service dog. By trying too hard or going too fast, you and your dog are more likely to become stressed, burn out, or have negative experiences that are hard to overcome.

. Should I avoid training during fear stages?

No! A fear stage is not a time to shelter a service dog candidate or service dog in training from stimulus​​, but a time to ​gent​ly help them learn whether their fears of things in the environment are appropriate.​

The onset, nature, duration, and severity of a dog’s developmental fear stages are not very predictable (they may last for months) and the specific, sudden fears will often unpredictably alternate between off and on throughout the stage (fears may last for mere minutes then go away). Completely removing the dog from training, rather than tailoring the training to the specific dog’s development, would be a drastic measure and could result in a great​​ loss to the dog learning and healthily adjusting through its intermittent challenges.​

However, it is even more important than usual to stay in tune with your dog during these times. Remember that whatever ​the ​level of training you have reached, it is essential the dog ​is​ reliably able to safely be wherever you are taking ​them​, keeping the training and stimulus recovery under threshold for each member of the team. This includes the dog feeling safe enough not to shut down due to overload, and especially not to react aggressively.

​Especially with fear stages​, we advise that the dog be praised and treated in the presence of any irrationally feared stimulus—​sticking to contexts that are not overstimulating for the dog​. It is very important that the dog is not punished for their fears. If the dog is afraid of people, enlist individuals’ help in training your dog by letting them give your dog a treat you provide. You may need to work up to this; how to proceed depends on the individual dog and your ability to read and respond to their needs.​

Fear stages are also not excuses to stop any other training that can be kept under threshold and fun for your dog.​ As always, it is a good idea to work with a professional trainer and to join and consult with those on our Peer Guidance Group.

. How do I bond with my service dog prospect?

When you get a new dog, you want to develop a strong bond between the two of you. A great way to do this is to take over all care of the dog that you’re able to do. This means you feed the dog, you walk the dog, you socialize the dog, you play with the dog, etc.

In the beginning, you may want to ask that others in the household refrain from petting or interacting with the dog as much, until you are fully bonded.

Some people use the “umbilical cord” method. This involves leashing your dog to you, for example with a waist or shoulder leash. As you move around the house and go about your day, your dog will naturally come with you and be used to the idea of following you around everywhere you go.

. What are stress signs in my dog, and how should I handle them?

It is important to know when your dog is exhibiting stress behavior. Shaking off, licking lips, yawning, shaking/trembling, and whale-eye are all symptoms of stress in your dog.

It is fine for your dog to get stressed and do a few of these behaviors as long as they calm down quickly afterward. If, however, your dog is showing these signs every time they are out working, it would probably be best for the dog to be taken out of training, at least temporarily, until they are less stressed by the process. If stress continues and a professional trainer helps you determine the stress is not due to training, it’s a good idea to consult with a veterinarian or veterinary behaviorist to rule out health issues such as allergies.


“4Paws University” depicts stress signs in dogs on the following webpage:

. Why is it important to keep training records?

Training records help you track progress, showing you what you should work on and where you’re doing well. The other main reason is less obvious. Even though most service dog handlers will never have to go to court, it is a good idea to be prepared in case you are forced into court over an access challenge or other situation.

Being prepared includes having proof of your dog’s training. If you are able to present training records to the judge, such as a daily training log, it will strengthen your case that you have trained your dog appropriately, and that it qualifies as a service dog. Make sure not only to note public access training, but also assistance behaviors, as your dog is trained to assist you with your disabilities.

Some other examples of training records you might keep include milestones like a Service Dog in Training Manners Evaluation, a public access test, and certificates from group classes you have completed. If you can record video proof of your dog’s behavior, this is even better. You can record a trainer (or a friend or family member) giving you a public access test to prove that your dog has been well-trained.

Keep in mind that such records are a snapshot of that point in time, and training must be viewed as an ongoing process.


See examples of training logs and more on the training logs page:

Training Logs

. Why is crate-training useful?

Crate-training for pet dogs is highly recommended by many people because it provides a safe place for your dog to retreat. For service dog teams, it is important that your dog be used to a crate in case of emergency.


The Humane Society explains how to crate-train on the following page:

. What is 'deep pressure therapy' (DPT)?

You might have heard someone mention that a psychiatric service dog can provide “deep pressure therapy”, or DPT, as an example of a disability-mitigating work or task item. This phrase has evolved as a term of art in the psychiatric service dog community. Here is how PSDP uses the term.

Deep pressure therapy (DPT)—or just pressure therapy—involves a dog using its weight and sometimes warmth to mitigate a psychiatric symptom, often either as a calming strategy or to minimize disengagement from the world. The dog recognizes the handler’s command or the person’s symptom itself, such as anxiety, a depressive episode, a flashback, etc., and is trained to respond with DPT. Similar to a weighted blanket for people with autism, DPT can relax and re-engage a person enduring an otherwise disabling symptom.

Large dogs can be trained to provide DPT by lying on the person’s lap or chest when the handler is sitting or lying down. A large dog can also lay their head in the handler’s lap while the handler is sitting. Small dogs can be trained to lie on the handler’s chest or lap when the handler is sitting or lying down. They can also be trained to ride calmly in a sling when needed, providing DPT with their weight on the handler’s chest (sometimes by actively shifting/pushing).


There are many answers on this page that contain links to resources for those who would like to know more. Some of these links are to external websites, for which PSDP is not responsible.

Deep Pressure Therapy (DPT)

Many of you are already familiar with the different service dog types. A service dog is trained to perform specific tasks for the benefit of an individual with a disability. This disability may be physical, sensory, mental, psychiatric, or intellectual. The new DOT regulations from April 2021 provide some clarification and limitations of the term “service animal”. Emotional Support Animals and any comfort-providing animals are no longer considered service animals, as they are not trained to provide specific tasks.

On the other hand, psychiatric service dogs are considered service dogs that provide assistance to people with psychiatric disabilities like anxiety disorders, depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).

One of the most effective and beneficial tasks that a Psychiatric Service Dog may be trained to perform is deep pressure stimulation or deep pressure therapy. We want to let you know more about deep pressure stimulation because it is a vital part of the work performed by psychiatric service dogs.

What is deep pressure stimulation?

Deep Pressure Stimulation (DPS), is a tactile stimulation provided as gentle pressure to the body via tugging, stroking, cuddling or wrapping, that relaxes the nervous system. It can be applied through different devices: massage tools, hands, swaddles, or Psychiatric Service Dogs, specially trained to provide deep pressure therapy.  If the therapy has been provided properly, it has an organizing and calming effect on the nervous system and makes the recipient feel calm and peaceful.

How does deep pressure stimulation work in general?

By providing deep pressure to the body, it begins to run its parasympathetic nervous system (PSNS), replacing the sympathetic nervous system (SNS). This change is known as a switch from “fight or flight” to “rest and digest”.

The sympathetic nervous system is responsible for the body's reactions in stressful situations like when you are late for work, and you barely move in a traffic jam. If you have been in stressful situations for too long, and the sympathetic nervous system indicates many stress-causing factors to the body, this could lead to feelings of anxiety, tiredness, panic attacks, sleep disorders. ..etc.

When the body starts running the PSNS, the muscles relax and the circulation enhances. Endorphin, dopamine, and serotonin are being produced and create the feeling of happiness. They improve memory, sleep, motivation, and social skills.

People with conditions like autism, sensory processing disorder (SPD), depression, and Alzheimer, are likely to suffer from sensory overload. These individuals are not likely to be able to easily switch from running the (SNS) to running the (PSNS) and even less important factors could trigger the (SNS) and interfere with the feeling of calmness.

Deep touch pressure (DTP) leads to a calming effect when applied to the whole body.

Who can benefit from Deep Pressure Therapy?

It can be used by people with disorders like:

Autism, Depression, Insomnia, Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), Sensory Processing Disorder (SPD), Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD), Tourette’s Syndrome, Restless Leg Syndrome.

Many people with physical as well as sensory and mental disabilities decide to have a service dog in order to enhance their lives. Psychiatric Service Dogs are service dogs trained to provide assistance to a person who deals with mental health disorders like depression, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, anxiety, or bipolar disorder. One of the most beneficial tasks that a PSD can provide is exactly a deep pressure stimulation or a deep pressure therapy.

Psychiatric Service Dogs and Deep Pressure Therapy

The goals of this therapy may be different, however, in most cases, it is used for grounding and calming persons with a dissociative episode or who got a panic/ anxiety attack. The process may take place differently depending on the dog’s breed, respectively its size, and the amount of pressure that the individual wants to be applied to their body.

If a dog’s breed is large, the dog could provide tactile stimulation through their chin to different parts of their handler’s body.

If the dog’s breed is considered small, the dog partner can sit or lay in the lap of their handler.

Main Tasks Of a Psychiatric Service Dog That Provides a DPT

There are two main tasks or behavior types that a Psychiatric Service Dog is trained to perform when providing a DPT:

Lap and Chin

How to train your dog to perform the task “Lap”

You can try sitting on a couch/chair accompanied by your dog positioned next to you. Tap with your leg eagerly and use sounds with a higher frequency, so that they are more passionate and can stimulate your dog partner to jump into your lap or leg. If your furry friend understands and fulfills the command, you can reward him/her.

If your fluffy friend does not want to jump, you can try providing a treat near to his/her nose as a motivation.

In case your dog partner just does not want to fulfill the task, you can put him/her on furniture around you and motivate him/her to jump up onto your lap. If your dog partner understands what you expect him/her to do, put him/her on the ground and try again with the exercise from this position.

After your fluffy friend starts jumping up on a regular basis and manages to completely understand the task, you can try encouraging him/her to take a laying position.

You need to choose a word and say it in order to stimulate him/her to take this position (the word could be “Lap”, but this is not mandatory).

If you tried making your dog fulfill the task using a treat you can start trying to encourage him/her to achieve this behavior without using such. In some cases, you may need to provide the task, wait for a few seconds, and then give a reward when he/she fulfills the task. You may not want to give too many treats to your dog partner. At this point, you can start providing a treat only if he/she fulfills the task accurately and fast. You may want to keep the sessions short. Even when your dog partner does not show perfect results, respectively does not become a treat 5-6 times, you can still reward him/her. Your dog partner should stay motivated and not get stressed when he/she does not make something the best way possible on the first try.

You can extend gradually the time required for your dog to stay on your lap as well as the time before you give him/her a reward. You may want to improve the duration slowly and to provide a treat for different amounts of time. Furthermore, you can reward your dog after 3 seconds, after 4 seconds, then decrease the period to 2 seconds, and after that increase it to 5 or 6 seconds. The most important rule is that the exercises be provided patiently, step by step.

Read more about Service Dog Positive Reinforcement Training

How to train your dog to perform the task “Chin”

You can try encouraging your dog partner to put his/her nose over your foot or arm using a treat. When you feel the tactile stimulation and the task is considered “fulfilled”, you can reward him/her.

You need to choose a word (similarly to the “Lap” task, it is not necessary to choose the word “Chin”). After choosing a word, you need to say it and after that to encourage your dog partner with a treat to put his/her nose over your arm or foot.

You need to gradually stop giving treats to your dog partner so that he/she can manage to fulfill the command without receiving a treat. However, you still need to mark and reward the task, when you feel a tactile stimulation.

The same approach as the one used for the Lap task has been used here for increasing the duration. First, you can give a treat for shorter amounts of time and then start increasing them gradually. You need to remember to give a reward for 3 seconds, 4 seconds, then for 2 seconds, and then for 5-6 seconds, then again for 1-2 seconds.

For more Psychiatric Service Dog Task Training, we would recommend you browse the syllabus of the SDTSI Certified Service Dog Training Course.

Dogs, horses and autism: what is animal-assisted therapy?


Review of research data research on and against the treatment of autism by communication with animals

Source: Interactive autism Network


in a human life with a chronic disease or disability. play several roles, mainly they can cheer up or protect against possible harm. It has also been suggested that various animals, from dogs to dolphins, could provide real therapy. For example, it has been argued that they can reduce emotional stress, relieve physical pain, decrease heart rate and blood pressure, improve motor and cognitive skills, and in the case of autism, reduce stereotyped behavior, reduce sensory sensitivity, and increase desire and ability to socialize with others. nine0003

What do we know about animals and their possible impact on the life of a person with autism spectrum disorder (ASD)? In this article, we will discuss the current research into animal therapies, both in general and in relation to ASD. We will also look at the use of service dogs by families with a child with autism.

Animal-Human Interaction: Not Just a New Experience

Snuggle a puppy, ride a horse, swim with a dolphin - without a doubt, all this can be a memorable and life-enriching experience for any person, including a person with a disability. However, there have long been claims that interacting with and caring for animals can improve the condition of a person with a disability or disease. In 1859year, Florence Nightingale, the founder of modern nursing, wrote: “The little pet is often an excellent companion for the sick, especially in chronic cases. Sometimes a disabled person, imprisoned for years in the walls of his room, has no other consolation than a bird in a cage. If he can feed the animal himself and clean up after it, then he should always be encouraged to do so.” Since then, a century and a half has passed, and scientists are exploring the possible benefits of animal-human interactions, including pets, animal visiting programs, and animal-assisted therapy. There are studies stating that interacting with animals can reduce the perception of physical pain, as well as have a positive effect on factors such as blood pressure and heart rate, as well as psychological factors such as anxiety or depression, and socio-psychological factors such as loneliness. In addition, studies have suggested that interactions with animals can reduce agitation and aggression, as well as improve social interaction and the ability to perform household tasks in people with Alzheimer's disease, dementia, and schizophrenia. nine0003

Given these potential benefits, it is not surprising that animal visitation and therapy programs are used for a wide variety of populations from children to the elderly in a wide range of settings, from boarding schools to hospitals and prisons. As a result, animal-assisted therapy has become a new area of ​​interest for both clinicians and mental health professionals.

However, those with an interest in the field always share animal-related activities, such as when a volunteer brings a dog to a nursing home, and animal-assisted therapy, which is carried out by a specially trained specialist and a trained animal, and which is aimed at solving specific problems in specific group of patients. nine0003

ASD and Animal-Based Therapy

There have been many big claims about animal-assisted therapies, but one of them is particularly important for parents of children with autism—the suggestion that animals can help with social bonding. Even the first attempts to use dogs for therapeutic purposes involved children with autism.

As researcher Olga Solomon writes: “Recognition of the potential of animals as communication partners for children with autism was perhaps the reason why therapy dogs were introduced over 50 years ago. For the first time, the suggestion that playful interaction with dogs can improve the socio-communicative abilities of children with autism was made by Boris Levinson, a child psychiatrist at Yeshiva University School of Medicine, during a meeting of the American Psychological Association at 1960… In his book Pet-Centered Psychotherapy, Levinson wrote that “heart-seeing dogs can improve the emotional health of children with autism.”

Dr. Solomon has done two in-depth case studies of children with ASD who interacted with therapy or service dogs. She decided to study the effects of dogs on children with autism after she was approached by the father of a little girl with autism and begged her to sell him a dog. The girl met Dr. Solomon's dog in the park, and she prompted her to play spontaneously - the girl began to throw a frisbee to the dog, laughed, and generally behaved in a completely different way than usual. The case prompted Solomon to the idea that perhaps "something in the social behavior and characteristics of canines engages children with autism in communication in a way that other people cannot." She says that dogs not only attract the attention of a person, they urgently demand it. For example, a dog may bring a Frisbee to a child, and if the child ignores it, the dog may toss the Frisbee, bark, or otherwise demand a response. At the same time, interaction with a dog does not require understanding of speech or complex social rules that are characteristic of people. nine0003

Other researchers have also wondered if children with ASD can improve their social-emotional skills as a result of interacting with dogs. In preliminary data from a study of animal-assisted therapy in 12 autistic children, Laurel Redefer and Joan Goodman note “a significant increase in prosocial behavior and a parallel decrease in self-absorption as a result of contact with a friendly dog. Children exhibited less autistic behaviors (eg, hand-gazing, bellowing and clicking noises, rotating objects, repetitive jumping, aimless wandering) and were more likely to exhibit socially acceptable behaviors (eg, joining simple games with a therapist, initiating joint activities, giving balloons, balls, stretching out arms for hugs or friendly imitating the actions of the therapist). nine0003

Researchers at the University of Washington College of Veterinary Medicine compared the positive social behavior of 10 children with ASD in the presence of a therapist and a ball, a stuffed toy dog, and a real dog. They found that children with ASD "played more, were more focused, and paid more attention to their social environment in the presence of a therapy dog." In the presence of a dog, children shook their hands more often, but scientists believe that this was a manifestation of joy on their part. In the presence of the dog, they also laughed more often and longer. nine0003

Therapeutic riding or hippotherapy has long been used to develop certain physical abilities, such as head and trunk control, in people with disabilities such as cerebral palsy. Very few studies have been devoted to hippotherapy for children with ASD, but all of them concerned the possible impact on social development. For example, a Japanese study on "psycho-educational riding" among 4 children with pervasive developmental disorders states that riding improved skills in imitation, emotional expression, eye contact, and others. An American study conducted at a hippotherapy center among 34 children with ASD found that "therapeutic riding among autistic children resulted in improved sensory seeking, sensory sensitivity, social imitation, improved attention, reduced distractibility, and reduced mobility." nine0003

Problems with research into animal-assisted therapy

The idea that contact with an animal can alleviate physical, mental and social difficulties is attractive, but there is still no convincing evidence that specific interventions with specific animals can lead to specific goals for a specific group of patients. Although many animal-assisted therapy studies or programs claim that it leads to significant improvement, virtually all of these studies have been done in small groups, in very different settings, and among people with very different diseases and needs. nine0003

As a result, animal-assisted therapy appears to be just another claim to be a panacea, which diminishes its credibility. Despite the belief in such therapy by many patients and adherents, insurance companies are unlikely to pay for it until more credible scientific research demonstrates what type of animal-assisted therapy, under what conditions and for how long. helps which patients. Evidence is needed to justify the proliferation of both animal visiting programs and animal-assisted therapy. nine0003

The most criticized programs have the least evidence but make the biggest promises. A good example of such a program is the so-called dolphin therapy. Writing for the Washington Post, Katherine Ellison notes, “Does your child have cerebral palsy? Down Syndrome? Autism? Patella injury? Loss of the meaning of life? If so, all you need is a week or two and a few thousand dollars - a growing and dubious global group of entrepreneurs claim they can solve all these problems with simple intimacy with dolphins. nine0003

The criticism of dolphin therapy research reflects many of the problems with animal therapy research in general. First of all, this is the influence of the expectations of the participants in the studies (advertising and claims of a method specialist can greatly influence the judgment of parents), the “non-specific” nature of the dolphin experience (there is no reason to believe that a platypus or a cat will not lead to a similar effect), and also “ novelty effect” (any new experience gives a person energy, but the same result can be achieved by any new and exciting experience). nine0003

In addition, research carried out by marketers will inevitably be biased. This problem, of course, can arise with any type of therapy - studies are carried out by those who already believe in its effectiveness, hope to prove it, and then offer similar services, train other people to provide them, and so on.

Despite potential pitfalls, the field of animal-assisted therapy is maturing and we can expect more research on specific therapies for specific populations in the near future. Again, the idea that interacting with animals leads to attachment, which is lacking in people with ASD, makes such therapy very attractive to families of children with autism. However, this idea seems more reasonable if it is not about a brief contact with an animal during a therapy session, but about a pet with which the child communicates every day. And that brings us to the issue of service dogs for people with autism. nine0003

Service dogs and children with ASD

Service animals can affect the life of a person with a disability much more than the animals they come into contact with during short therapy sessions. Animals can help a person every day as guides, helpers and protectors. Most people know about guide dogs that help people with visual impairments move more freely, but service dogs can perform a variety of functions - pick up and bring things to a person in a chair, open and close doors, help a person with limited mobility when walking. Such animals are specially trained to respond to the needs of a particular person, depending on his or her problems. nine0003

Service dogs can perform many different functions to help a person with ASD, as confirmed by a Canadian study of the experience of 10 families with an autistic child who received such a dog. The scientists observed the experiences of both families and dogs during the initial training period for the family and dog, as well as during subsequent home visits. They also conducted in-depth interviews with most of the families.

What was the job of such service dogs? Firstly, they were protectors, cared for the safety of the child and did not let him run away. Many children with autism tend to run away from safe places, be it home or school, sometimes with tragic consequences. The risk of death or injury as a result of such escapes is very high, and the parents of children who are prone to escapes begin to suffer from excessive vigilance and overwork. In this study, service dogs may have contributed to this situation. The dog was attached to the child using a leash and belt system, but the animal only responded to the commands of the parents and made sure that the child did not leave a safe place. If the child tried to run away, the dogs could interfere with him with their weight, giving family members the opportunity to intervene in time. Even without a harness, while at home, dogs could look after the child so that parents do not have to think about his whereabouts every second. nine0003

In some cases, the dog slept with the child. Temple Grandin, famed animal specialist and autistic individual, could take it easy when her "cuddle machine" provided her with deep pressure. Similarly, the dog helped some children to calm down and fall asleep faster with the help of their body weight. In the words of one parent in the study, “Definitely a dog is the best toy in bed and can alert us if there’s a problem at night and we don’t have to sleep with one eye open listening with half an ear… I get better sleep and that helps a lot.” . I remember when we first brought the dog home, our son slept through the night for the first time in nine years.” nine0003

Families begin to feel freer because of greater security. Dogs often distract restless children, making it easier to transport them in the car, as well as follow them in public places, making it easier for the family to get out of the house. In addition, animals played a very important, but unexpected role - they facilitated any communication with other people. Bystanders, who previously showed discomfort and disapproval in response to the child's unusual behavior, behaved more understandingly in the presence of a service dog. Such a dog signaled that the child had some kind of problem, and also facilitated conversation, because you can always ask something about the dog, and at the same time learn something about autism. According to one study, the dog turned into a "conduit for social capital." For the family of the child with ASD, the animal increased the likelihood of positive social interaction outside the home. nine0003

In addition, Canadian scientists note that some children with ASD have acquired new skills as a result of interacting with a dog. For example, they learned to adapt their step to the dog (and the whole family) during a walk, throw a ball or stroke the dog correctly. Parents reported "reduced anxiety, more calmness, fewer tantrums, less anger, more comfortable sleep patterns." (Of course, less restless and rested parents may simply be better at coping with the children's behavior, but in any case, this is an important effect of the dog's presence, even if indirect). nine0003

What about attachment? The second study focused on the well-being of dogs, and the same team of researchers found that, in general, the dog bonded with parents who were better at "reading" the animal's signals and responding to its needs. Six months after the dogs were placed in families, only 4 out of 10 children showed interest in the dog, which inevitably had consequences for the emotional interaction of children with ASD and service animals. Of course, we are talking about only 10 families, it is quite possible that if you conduct a study among more families and in different conditions, then more than 40% of children will become attached to dogs. nine0003

For example, it has long been noted that girls with autism often become a “special interest” and get along well with them. Perhaps if a child is initially interested in animals, then he is more likely to become attached to a service dog? (Think of Temple Grandin and her strong interest in animals, especially cows and horses.) Will girls with ASD become more attached to animals than boys with ASD? Are there any features that make a child more likely to respond better to a service dog? These questions are yet to be answered. nine0003

One factor that most determined the success of a family's service dog experience was the willingness of the family to work on it. Canadian scientists have found that service dogs work long hours, but don't always get the attention they need. When a dog is wearing a blanket, it is expected to follow commands, ignore distractions, and avoid urination and defecation. Scientists note that hours of hard work, aggression from some children, lack of time for exercise and play negatively affected some dogs. Some of them suffered from sleep interruption. After all, if parents can now sleep peacefully, then the dog often cannot, she gets up and follows the awakened child, who, moreover, can disturb the dog, who dozed off during the day. nine0003

If a dog's needs are not met, the animal's well-being and ability to do its job may be at risk. For example, if a dog is hungry for attention, it may seek it from strangers on the street at a time when it should be focusing on the behavior of a child with ASD.

To sum up, if parents are thinking about getting a service dog, they should understand that it is a mutually beneficial exchange. Although they may wake up less frequently at night, not watch the baby every second, and strangers on the street may become friendlier, they will have to take care of the dog’s physical and emotional state: food, water, grooming, predictable daily routine, work breaks, physical activity, attention, love and play. Such social animals require a lot of attention, and if a child with ASD is unable to provide it, then one of the parents or other family members should provide it. nine0003

Further research

Much more research is needed to help families make decisions about animal therapy. Most useful will be studies on the impact of specific types of these therapies on specific ASD difficulties, as well as studies that will help to understand whether such therapies may not be more beneficial for children with certain characteristics. If our goal is social development, ranging from a simple interest in social interaction to the development of bilateral relations, then it is important to understand how we will describe and measure these factors. nine0003

The idea that ease of communication and unconditional love for dogs and other animals can encourage children with ASD to interact socially and then seek out fellowship with others is intuitive and appealing. But whether this is actually the case, and when this happens, remains to be established. As Lori S. Palley, a veterinary researcher, writes: “The attraction of animal therapy in human medicine is the enthusiasm of its proponents, not the support of the treating physicians. Fully integrating animal-assisted therapy into mainstream medical practice as an acceptable therapeutic approach requires more compelling research to validate its clinical properties as well as understanding the intrinsic mechanisms of human responses to the company of friendly animals.” nine0003

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Methods and treatment, Research

How does a service dog signal? - Guide to dogs Mi


When listening to a dog's work, sound is a signal of behavior. Guide dogs alert their owners to changes in the environment by changing their behavior, for example, a guide dog alerts its owner to the presence of a curb by stopping walking. The owner feels the change in the dog's movement through the harness. nine0003

How are dogs taught to be anxious?

Dogs that demonstrate the ability to alert to medical emergencies can be taught to communicate with their handlers in a variety of ways, such as pawing at the handler, prodding the handler, jumping at the handler, or barking.

Can a service dog wake you up?

Sleep Safety with Service Dogs

A trained service dog can remain alert for signs of disturbed or fragmented sleep, such as tossing and turning or singing, and can then awaken its owner and provide comfort and a sense of security. nine0003

How do service dogs detect anxiety?

detecting signs of a panic attack before it occurs. getting medication or water during a panic attack. bringing someone to help a person in trouble. preventing strangers from approaching a person in trouble.

How do seizure alert dogs work?

Seizure warning dogs, as their name suggests, are dogs that can sense and notify their human companions of an impending seizure. This warning behavior has been reported to occur from a few seconds to 45 minutes or more before the onset of a seizure. nine0003

Are working dogs accurate?

More troubling is that they reported a high rate of false alerts, resulting in a mean positive predictive value (PPV; proportion of correct alerts) of just 12%. Thus, dogs were considered less reliable than other monitoring systems tested.

What is the best breed of dog for a working dog?

Top 10 service dog breeds

  1. Labrador Retriever. Labrador Retrievers are one of the most popular pet breeds and make excellent working dogs.
  2. Golden Retriever.
  3. German Shepherd.
  4. Poodle.
  5. Boxer.
  6. Great Dane
  7. Border Collie.
  8. Pomeranian.

Can dogs sense my nightmares?

As a result, what they can feel continues to amaze us, from bacterial infections to cancer. And now the British College of Smell Detection has even trained dogs to recognize the smell of nightmares. nine0003

Should you sleep with your service dog?

However, co-sleeping is not always possible or preferred by the caregiver, in which case simply placing your service dog next to your bed can serve the same purpose. For people suffering from post-traumatic stress disorder, it is recommended that the service dog sleep at arm's length from the caregiver.

Can service dogs be playful? nine0022

In their free time, service dogs do a variety of things. Some of them like to walk and play like any other dog, others like to relax in a cozy place, play with a toy or chew. A service dog, when not at work, is just like any other pet. They like to relax, play sports and play.

Can you ask for proof of having a service dog?

The quick answer is no. According to the ADA, employees of the facility are "not permitted to request any documentation" for a service dog. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits both public and private businesses from discriminating against people with disabilities. nine0003

What deprives a dog of the right to be a service dog?

Any aggression will immediately disqualify the dog as a service dog. Guide dogs work hard and have a LOT to learn - basic obedience, advanced obedience, public access skills, task training. Some drive, especially cravings for food and toys, and some energy are necessary for them to succeed.

Can dogs smell panic attacks?

When a person is anxious, there is a release of adrenaline, increased heart rate and sweating. With a hypersensitive nose, dogs can pick up on changes in hormones. It is possible that dogs are able to smell anxiety in humans. nine0003

What breed of dog can experience seizures?

Labrador Retriever

Labrador Retrievers are often seen in a variety of service animal roles, including as seizure alert dogs. These dogs are known for their intelligence, trainability and good temperament.

How do service dogs determine heart rate?

“A dog's sense of smell can detect changes in heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar, even if the chemical changes in the body are subtle. nine0003

How much does a dog with seizures cost?

What is the price? The price of a seizure support dog can range from $15,000 to $30,000. Sometimes this price can go up to $ XNUMX XNUMX. The price largely depends on what breed of dog is being used and how extensive the training will be.

Do service dogs bark?

Non-aggressive behavior

While service dogs are allowed to bark, they are taught not to bark aggressively. Before you go outside with a service dog, make sure it is friendly and well-mannered and does not threaten or disturb the public. nine0003

Can a dog of any breed be a service dog?

Can service animals be dogs of any breed? A. Yes. The ADA does not restrict the types of dogs that can be service animals.

Can I get a service dog out of anxiety?

A Psychiatric Assistance Dog (PAP) is a special type of service dog that is trained to help its owner who has been diagnosed with a mental illness such as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), schizophrenia, depression, anxiety, or bipolar disorder. mess. nine0003

Are males or females better suited for service dogs?

Often people want to know which sex is the best working dog. As a rule, both males and females make excellent service dogs. Some handlers prefer one gender over the other, but this only really matters if a larger dog is needed to perform weight-baring tasks.

What is the easiest service dog to train?

Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever is one of the most popular working dog breeds, due in part to their friendly and accommodating nature. While Labs are sociable, they are also loyal and eager to please. This, combined with a high level of intelligence, makes them easy to train and attentive to their owner's needs.

What is the best guide dog for anxiety?

These popular emotional support dog breeds are great for you during times of stress. nine0003

  • Standard Poodles.
  • Labrador Retriever.
  • Golden Retrievers.
  • Great Pyrenees.
  • Great Danes.
  • Greyhound.
  • American Pit Bull Terrier.

Do dogs cry?

If by crying we mean whimpering, howling, meowing or whining, then yes, dogs certainly do cry.

Why do dogs lick you?

Licking is a natural and instinctive behavior of dogs. For them, this is a way of self-care, rapprochement and self-expression. Your dog may lick you to tell you he loves you, to get your attention, to help calm him down if he is stressed, to express sympathy, or because he likes you! nine0003

Why do dogs dream when they whimper?

If your dog just slaps his feet and makes excited noises, he is probably having a good dream, most likely about dinner! But if your dog is whining, crying, or growling, he may have had a bad dream in which he feels threatened or anxious.

Can service dogs be photographed?

DO NOT: View or photograph

According to Pleasedontpetme. com, "Do not photograph or video the service dog team without permission." If viewed or photographed, it shows disrespect and is generally considered rude. nine0003

Do service dogs hug?

However, no matter how much it helps you, snuggling in and of itself is not the job of a service dog. Many service dog tasks can mimic snuggling. Tactile grounding, deep pressure therapy, and kinetic engagement come to mind most often.

Do service dogs love their owners?

Dogs love affection

The bond between a human and a dog can be one of the most meaningful human relationships. The bond often becomes even stronger when the dog is a service animal, due to the respect and appreciation the trainer has for his best friend. Dogs understand and appreciate love. nine0003

Are service dogs trained not to bite?

True service dogs are carefully trained to be obedient and never become aggressive. Untrained dogs may instinctively bark and attack service dogs, but service dogs will not bark or fight back. This has led to quite a few attacks on children, adults, and real service dogs.

What should I do if my service dog is behaving aggressively?

Violation of the Potentially Dangerous Dog Act is punishable by a fine of up to $500. A vicious dog offense is punishable by a fine of up to $1,000 (ibid. § 31662). nine0003

Do service dogs know that their master is blind?

Service dogs do not understand that their masters are blind.

Can a pit bull be a working dog?

Pit Bulls and other prohibited breeds may never be service animals. This is absolutely false. Even in cities or other areas where certain breeds are banned, a dog of any breed can be a service animal. In fact, service animals cannot be excluded due to the general fear of the breed. nine0003

Is an emotional support dog a guide dog?


Although emotional support or comfort animals are often used as part of a treatment plan as therapy animals, they are not considered service animals under the ADA.

What tasks can service dogs perform?

Here is a list of common tasks that service dogs perform for their handlers:

  • Leading the Blind.
  • Warning of the deaf to noise. nine0127
  • Pulling out a wheelchair.
  • Getting items.
  • Seizure or diabetic warning.
  • Reminder to take prescribed medication.
  • Calms people with PTSD during panic attacks.

What can you legally ask a person with a service animal?

Staff may ask two questions: (1) whether the dog is a service animal needed due to a disability, and (2) what job or task the dog has been trained to do. nine0003

How long does it take to train a dog before service?

In accordance with the rules of public access and special skills required for a particular disability, as recommended by the International Association of Assistance Dog Partners (IAADP), a minimum of 120 hours of training over a period of at least 6 months is required to train a service dog (depending on dog and necessary skills)…

What does a dog do with PTSD? nine0022

For example, service dogs with PTSD can be trained to detect physical signs of anxiety and distress in veterans to alert and interrupt anxiety and panic attacks during the day, and relieve nightmares at night.

Can dogs tell when you're suicidal?

They can also smell the production of hormones and the rise and fall of various chemicals in the brain. When we start sweating more, dogs feel it and react accordingly. You will know that your dog smells your depression when he comforts you and is closer than usual to you. nine0003

Can dogs feel death?

Dogs have a heightened sense of smell and energy that allows them to get the whole story with just one smell and interpret human emotions before humans. Apart from this, they can also detect human illness and death.

Can my dog ​​tell that I am depressed?

Previous research has shown that when people cry, their dogs get stressed too. A new study has found that not only do dogs get upset when they see their owners sad, but they also try to do something to help. The results were published today (July 24) in the journal Learning and Behavior. nine0003

How do dogs react when they smell disease?

Dogs are really cool! When a dog detects an illness in its human, there are some telltale signs that you can read simply from your dog's body language. The dog lifts its muzzle and tilts its head as it tries to focus on the things, sounds, and smells around it.

What odors can trigger an attack?

Internal use of essential oils such as sage, hyssop, rosemary, camphor, pennyroal, eucalyptus, cedarwood, thuja and fennel may cause epileptic seizures because they contain thujone, 1,8-cineole, camphor or pinocamphone, which have been identified as convulsive agents. . nine0003

Can untrained dogs detect seizures?

Our results support the notion that untrained dogs detect the odor associated with a seizure and are consistent with new literature that suggests that these epileptic seizures are associated with unique volatile organic signatures.

Can a service dog warn of high blood pressure?

Cardiac dogs are working dogs that have an innate ability to warn of an impending drop in blood pressure (commonly seen in people with cardiac syncope), which often causes unconsciousness. nine0003

Can FitBit detect seizures?

Can Fitbit detect seizures? A 2020 study comparing the Fitbit Charge 2 to a continuous electroencephalographic (EEG) monitor found that Fitbits were no match for seizure detection compared to EEG. While the Fitbit Charge 2 can detect seizures, smartwatches can also give false alarms.

Can dogs feel seizures?

Seizure warning dogs can sense and notify their human companions of an impending seizure. The notification behavior will be anything markedly different from the dog's normal behavior, including close eye contact, circling, pawing, or barking. nine0003

How can you qualify for a seizure alert dog?

To be eligible for a PAWS response dog, a person must:

  1. Be 14 years of age or older.
  2. A person must have at least one epileptic seizure per month.
  3. If the dog is also trained in hearing, the human must have at least moderate to severe bilateral hearing loss.

Guide dogs attack you? nine0022

Trainers say that trained service dogs don't get off the leash, don't bark, don't knock things off shelves, don't jump on people, don't play or fight with other dogs, don't grab food from tables. And the owners of real service dogs do not carry them in carts or bags.

What should I do if my service dog growls?

It was sad to see so many people defending this dog, saying "dogs growl". That's what they do." No, service dogs have a higher level of expectation and should never growl or misbehave while on the job. If this happens, their owner's life could be at stake depending on what task they are trained to do. nine0003

How do service dogs pee on an airplane?

Urine pads in the carrier or in the bathroom are practically the only solution for a dog that needs to fly.

What deprives a dog of the right to be a service dog?

Any aggression will immediately disqualify the dog as a service dog. Guide dogs work hard and have a LOT to learn - basic obedience, advanced obedience, public access skills, task training. Some drive, especially cravings for food and toys, and some energy are necessary for them to succeed. nine0003

Can you request proof of a service dog?

The quick answer is no. According to the ADA, employees of the facility are "not permitted to request any documentation" for a service dog. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) prohibits both public and private businesses from discriminating against people with disabilities.

What do the colors of service dog vests mean?

There is no specific requirement in the ADA that specifies what color your service dog vest should be. In fact, the ADA states that your dog does not need any special equipment at all. Choosing the color of a service dog vest is up to you. nine0003

What do dogs do when they feel anxious?

When dogs are anxious, they show signs of their fear in their physical reactions. It may seem that the dog, faced with "stress", cringes. You may see the dog tuck its tail or show a low wagon. The dog may actually shake or tremble with fear.

What tasks can a service dog perform when depressed?

The following are specific tasks that a depressed service dog can perform:

  • to remind you to take your medicine.
  • to bring you a phone during a crisis so you can contact support.
  • Call 911 or any other preprogrammed emergency number for assistance.
  • identify and help with medication side effects.

What breed of dog makes the best working dogs?

Top 10 service dog breeds

  1. Labrador Retriever. Labrador Retrievers are one of the most popular pet breeds and make excellent working dogs.
  2. Golden Retriever.
  3. German Shepherd.
  4. Poodle.
  5. Boxer.
  6. Great Dane
  7. Border Collie.
  8. Pomeranian.

Are dogs more protective of female owners?

Do males or females protect better? In terms of defensive behavior, there is no significant difference between male and female dogs. Territorial or defensive behavior is more pronounced in unaltered dogs than in neutered ones, and breed also plays a role. nine0003

Why do bitches hump?

Whether you call it hitting, lifting or pushing, the behavior of dogs and bitches is natural. In some dogs, this is a reaction to arousal. For others, it may just be a way to dominate and show that they are the best dog in the house.

What is the best guide dog for anxiety?

These popular emotional support dog breeds are great for you during times of stress. nine0003

  • Standard Poodles.
  • Labrador Retriever.
  • Golden Retrievers.
  • Great Pyrenees.
  • Great Danes.
  • Greyhound.
  • American Pit Bull Terrier.

What are the 4 characteristics required for a service dog?

What makes a service dog?