What is the most common mental disorder
3 Most Common Mental Health Disorders in America
Millions of Americans live with mental health issues. Thankfully, the conversation is shifting from taboo to a more public and healthy approach. Mental health is defined as your psychological and emotional well-being. According to mentalhealth.gov, this can be affected by many biological factors such as genetics, brain chemistry; life experiences such as trauma and abuse; or a family history of mental health problems.
The National Alliance of Mental Health reports that one in five adults in America experiences a mental illness in their lifetime. Right now, nearly 10 million Americans are living with a serious mental disorder. The most common are anxiety disorders major depression and bipolar disorder.
Below is more information on these disorders and how ACCESS can help. Remember you are not alone, and medical experts are here to support you:
According to the Anxiety and Depression Association of America, this disorder is highly treatable, but only around 37 percent of those affected actually receive treatment. It is common to be diagnosed with both anxiety and depression. Symptoms can include excessive worrying, feeling agitated, restlessness, fatigue, tense muscles, difficulty sleeping, and panic attacks. A diagnosis for anxiety can only be made by a medical professional and includes a physical exam.
Major depressive disorder
Major depressive disorder is the leading cause of disability for Americans aged 15 to 44. This disorder is more prevalent in women than men. Some of the symptoms include depressed mood, diminished interest or pleasure, change in weight, appetite and sleep patterns, fatigue, and a feeling of worthlessness. This can only be diagnosed with a consultation with a medical provider.
Bipolar disorders affect men and women equally. The median age for diagnosed bipolar disorder is around 25 years old, but it can develop later in life as well. Those who suffer from bipolar disorder experience manic episodes where their moods and behaviors are drastically different than normal. These changes can include unusual energy, activity or sleep patterns. Diagnosis for bipolar disorder may include a physical exam, a psychiatric evaluation, and charting of your mood over time.
Access Community Health Network (ACCESS)
If you are experiencing problems that prevent you from feeling your best, or you are struggling with the effects of trauma, ACCESS medical and behavioral health providers can help. We treat depression, anxiety and other mental health conditions, as well as help patients dealing with trauma. We can also help you identify those behaviors that are limiting you, build your confidence and support you in reaching your goals for overall health and wellness. Visit our website to find your local ACCESS health center and schedule an appointment today.
The 5 Most Common Mental Disorders
Mental health disorders, sometimes referred to as illnesses, affect the thoughts, moods and behaviors of those impacted. Although there is no clear link between genetics and the likelihood of having a mental health disorder, lifestyle factors such as diet and an individual’s activity can influence the onset of depression, anxiety and other conditions.
Mental health disorders may be occasional or chronic. And they affect an individual’s ability to relate to others and function day-to-day. While there are some steps to improve overall mental health, some disorders are more serious and may require professional intervention.
Below are the five most common mental health disorders in America and their related symptoms:
The most common category of mental health disorders in America impacts approximately 40 million adults 18 and older. Anxiety disorders cause people to experience distressing and frequent fear and apprehension. While many may experience these feelings, say, during a job interview or public speaking event (as that can be a normal response to stress), those with anxiety disorders feel them commonly and in typically non-stressful events. And bouts of anxiety can last up to six months or more at a time. “Anxiety” is actually a blanket term that includes a host of specific disorders, including:
Generalized anxiety disorder (GAD)
Obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD)
Social anxiety disorder
An estimated 1 in 10 adults suffers from some type of mood disorder. While it’s normal to experience mood swings from time to time, people with mood disorders live with more persistent and severe symptoms that can disrupt their daily lives. Depending on the specific disorder, people may experience an ongoing sad, anxious or “empty” mood; feelings of hopelessness; low self-esteem; excessive guilt; decreased energy and more. Therapy, antidepressants and self-care can help treat mood disorders. The most common mood disorders are:
Substance-induced mood disorder
Those suffering from psychotic disorders may be unable to know what’s real and what’s not. This group of mental disorders changes an individual’s sense of reality. Scientists believe that certain viruses, problems with how specific brain circuits work, extreme stress or trauma and some forms of drug abuse may play a role in the development of psychotic disorders. The most common psychotic disorders include:
Brief psychotic disorder
Substance-induced psychotic disorder
Although mistakenly thought to be a single disorder, dementia is a term that covers a wide range of specific mental conditions. Those suffering from dementia-related disorders may experience a decline in their cognitive abilities—often severe enough to impair daily life and independent function. While this category includes a host of conditions, Alzheimer’s disease accounts for 60 to 80% of dementia cases. It slowly destroys memory and thinking skills and, eventually, strips the ability to carry out the simplest tasks. Other forms of dementia take the form of:
Eating disorders are about more than an individual’s relationship with food. They’re complex mental disorders that often require intervention from medical and psychological experts. These conditions cause unhealthy eating habits to develop, such as an obsession with food, body weight or body shape. In severe cases, eating disorders can have serious health consequences and may even result in death, if left untreated. Common symptoms include the severe restriction of food, food binges or purging behaviors, such as vomiting or over-exercising. The most common types of eating disorders include:
Binge eating disorder
Pica eating disorder
From help intervening with substance abuse challenges to managing depression and anxiety, Davis Behavioral Health is here to assist those in need. We can provide comfort and support to those experiencing anxiety, mood, psychotic and eating disorders. We have many trained, experienced and caring mental health professionals on staff. And we offer classes, ranging from managing emotions to mindfulness—along with many others that provide some with all the education needed to be self-sufficient in dealing with their mental health challenges.
Not OK: 8 Common Mental Disorders
Taking care of your mental health is just as important as taking care of your physical health. Immunology specialist Jenna Macciochi in her book Immunity. The science of how to be healthy” has repeatedly noted that immunity and psychology are closely related. Experiences and stress weaken our body, making it vulnerable to various viruses. Sometimes states of anxiety, discomfort, stress become so habitual that a person does not even notice how he develops various mental illnesses. We talk about the most common of them and the signs that are inherent in them - but solely for educational purposes.To accurately determine a particular disorder, the help of a specialist is required, and self-diagnosis can be harmful.
According to the WHO, this condition affects approximately 264 million people worldwide. Moreover, women suffer from depression more often than men (in men, the risk of getting sick is 7-12%, in women - 20-25%). More often, depression occurs in urban residents due to information overload, violation of the regime, continuous stress, abuse of various types of simulators. Also, this disease can be a response to dramatic experiences, such as the loss of a loved one. In such cases, we are talking about reactive depression. There is also depression endogenous : it occurs from within, that is, without any external influences. The causes of the disease are neurobiological.
Common signs of depression are depressed mood, loss of interest in life, lack of emotions such as joy, surprise, decreased activity for at least two weeks. Many people also suffer from anxiety, sleep and appetite disorders, and concentration problems.
This type of mental disorder affects 45 million people worldwide. It is characterized by alternating manic and depressive episodes with periods of normal life. Manic episodes involve agitated or irritable mood, activity, and a fast pace of speech and action. Patients with manic episodes but no depressive episodes may also be diagnosed with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorders can result from head trauma, hormonal imbalances, traumatic life events, or genetic predisposition.
The prevalence of asthenia, according to various researchers, ranges from 10 to 45%. More often, this disorder is described as increased fatigue. However, it is characterized by a number of other signs: irritability, quickly depleted attention, sleep disturbances, vegetative symptoms (lack of air, sweating, etc.). Asthenia occurs as a result of debilitating diseases of the internal organs, emotional, mental and physical overstrain. The latter occurs due to improper organization of work, rest, and nutrition. Asthenia can occur in the initial period of diseases of the internal organs, occur as a consequence of an acute illness (pneumonia) that has ended.
This severe mental disorder affects 20 million people worldwide. This type of psychosis is characterized by distorted thinking, emotions, speech and behavior, perception of the world and one's own personality. Common psychotic symptoms include hallucinations (for example, a person begins to hear, see or feel something that is not really there) and delusions (false beliefs arise even when there are facts that indicate the opposite). People with these disorders experience difficulties in work and learning.
Obsessions - obsessive thoughts that occur contrary to common sense and feelings. Their appearance, due to their incomprehensibility, often gives rise to a feeling of fear. Compulsions are compulsive actions that a person repeats over and over again. They are a way to prevent the possibility of an unpleasant event. Accompanied by depressive reactions, anxiety. Compulsions can manifest themselves as visible actions (jumping over cracks in the sidewalk, constantly arranging objects) and internal acts (calculating in the mind, repeating "protective" words, etc.).
Dementia affects 50 million people worldwide. Due to this disease, cognitive function is degraded: memory, thinking, understanding, speech, the ability to count, learn and reason. Cognitive dysfunction is often accompanied by a loss of control over the emotional state. The likelihood of developing this disease increases with age: among people in the age group from 65 to 74 years, about 5% of people have dementia, and among people aged 85 years and older, about 30%. Dementia is caused by various diseases and injuries that cause brain damage, such as Alzheimer's disease and stroke.
Eating disorders come in two forms: reduced appetite (extreme anorexia) and increased appetite (bulimia). Anorexia suggests a critical weight loss (body mass index becomes less than 17). At the same time, the person wants to lose more weight. Important functions of the body gradually begin to turn off, the body weakens. Bulimia is a pathologically increased appetite. This disease is characterized by the appearance of a compulsive and uncontrollable desire to eat, while there is no mental saturation with food.
Factors that predispose to bulimia are similar to those that cause anorexia. The occurrence of the disease is influenced by the position of the family, social attitudes, traumatic past experiences (for example, school bullying).
11 The most common mental disorders
Health of medicine
According to the World Health Organization. Check your cockroaches in your head
Photo: Ekaterina MARTINOVICH
Just be careful, let's not be like Jay from the cult story "Three Men in a Boat, not counting the dogs" at the first more or less similar symptoms. He, we recall, undertook to somehow study the medical reference book and unexpectedly came to the conclusion that "the only disease that I did not find in myself was puerperal fever ".
Only a doctor makes a diagnosis. And only after a series of analyzes and studies. So no self-diagnosis.
Now let's find out what it actually is, a mental disorder. In a nutshell, this is a violation of brain function, which can be caused by both external and internal causes. Often these reasons are interrelated. The causes of such disorders can be not only hereditary factors, but also head injuries, birth injuries, drug and drug poisoning, brain damage by infections, and even such unexpected moments as, for example, starvation, radiation, conflicts, and so on. Here are the 11 most common mental disorders in the world.
Its main symptom is fear of specific situations or objects that usually do not cause excessive fear in themselves, for example, a spider or a height.
Phobia (in other words, fear) is often accompanied by sweating, tachycardia, depression, as well as panic attacks, darkening of the eyes, a state of horror. A test for anxiety and phobias, the so-called "Zang Self-Rating Anxiety Scale", is often used to identify a phobic disorder. Read: Our seven main fears.
We cope with the fear of heights in a wind tunnel - a transparent cylinder, inside which the air is driven away with the help of a powerful fanPhoto: Ekaterina SEREDAVINA
Such people may take out their anger on others, have problems with work and in relationships, they often have mood swings and anxiety. At the same time, people are not critical enough to their behavior.
The development of these disorders begins in early youth and continues throughout life. Such patients often have a high level of intelligence. And the cause of a personality disorder can be not only genetics, but also improper upbringing or environment. This category includes paranoid personality disorder, affective disorders, schizoid personality disorder, emotionally unstable personality disorder, histrionic personality disorder, and so on.
Photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS
3. ALCOHOL AND DRUG DEPENDENCE
May be the result of both immediate exposure (often acute intoxication), and the result of prolonged exposure to alcohol. An alcoholic can drink himself into psychosis or dementia. The same goes for drug addiction.
It must be admitted that both such addictions are chronic diseases and can only go into remission. Therefore, treatment should be long and diverse. There are drugs that relieve cravings for alcohol, even cause disgust, but it seems to many alcoholics that if they got off the binge, then they were cured. This is not true.
4. OBESSIVE-COMPULSIVE DISORDER
In other words, unwanted thoughts and obsessive actions. Such people are often unsure whether they have locked the doors, turned off the lights, constantly checking something, knocking on wood, succumbing to superstitions, afraid to step on the manhole cover. Often there are exaggerated fears of contamination from contact with people or household items. Such thoughts (physicians call them obsessional) cause anxiety, are repeated and begin to be perceived as reality.
A person's life becomes a nightmare. An example can be given when a patient washed his hands 60 times before lunch so as not to become infected, and was still afraid. Another patient could not get to work, because he constantly returned home to check if the gas was turned on.
This term refers to the decline of intelligence for various reasons. The course of the disease is usually gradual, and extremely rarely - sudden. It is characterized by fatigue, weakness, decreased performance, absent-mindedness, memory impairment. The most common diseases in this group are Alzheimer's, Pick's, Parkinson's, and Wilson's diseases.
The treatment of such brain diseases is currently faced with a number of complications. And first of all, not because it is difficult to treat, but because it is difficult to diagnose. Read: The likelihood of dementia and early aging depends on your blood type
The "Iron Lady" died at the age of 88 from Alzheimer's disease. See photo gallery: Margaret Thatcher: Remembering the Iron Lady of World Politics
6. STRESS RESPONSE AND ADJUSTMENT DISORDER
This group of disorders is the result of tragic experiences and abrupt changes in life. There is a response to a mental trauma associated with a risk to life. It can occur after a natural disaster, the loss of a loved one, a serious crime, a social upheaval, such as a terrorist attack.
The patient again and again returns memories of the experienced event, he is haunted by anxiety, depression, sleep disturbance, sometimes aggressive tendencies or suicidal thoughts appear.
The same group includes phenomena that doctors have given the name "Vietnamese", "Afghan" or "Stockholm" syndromes. Read: 10 causes of stress in urban residents
Photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS
It is often confused with hysteria, which is a gross mistake. Neurasthenia is essentially an asthenic neurosis, it occurs as a result of exhaustion of the nervous system during prolonged mental or physical overload. And unlike hysteria, it occurs more often in men than in women. It develops with prolonged physical overstrain (when there is a lot of work, insufficient sleep, lack of rest), frequent stressful situations, personal tragedies, prolonged conflicts. Somatic diseases and chronic intoxication can contribute to the occurrence of neurasthenia.
Neurasthenia is accompanied by headache, feeling of weakness, fatigue, tension, insecurity, irritability, sleep disturbances, dizziness, indigestion.
Photo: GLOBAL LOOK PRESS
Belongs to the category of psychoses. The disease affects several components of the psyche: mental, emotional, behavioral and the entire set of mental functions. There are different forms of schizophrenia (catatonic, simple, paranoid). Accordingly, the symptoms may vary, however, the most common are hallucinations, negativism, isolation, apathy. Read: Scientists have counted eight types of schizophrenia
At the same time, schizophrenia, although it has some hereditary relationship, cannot be called a purely genetic disease. Sometimes perfectly healthy parents without any mental family history give birth to children who, already in adolescence, fall ill with pubertal schizophrenia.
Photo: Andrey GREBNEV
9. BIPOLAR DISORDER
The disease is also known as manic-depressive psychosis. A fairly common disease with alternating depressive and manic phases. Some well-known actors and singers suffered from this disease P read: Catherine Zeta-Jones again treats bipolar disorder
You can recognize the disease by first elevated mood, increased motor and speech activity of the patient, people of this type talk a lot, joke, laugh, take on a lot of things ... And then like this but sharply "fall off". They cannot concentrate. And as a result, many of their undertakings end in nothing.
10. SEXUAL DEVIATIONS
The most frequent sexual deviations are exhibitionism, voyeurism, frotterism, pathological sexual aggressiveness, transvestism, masochism, sadism, telephone hooliganism for sexual gratification.
11. EATING DISORDERS
The disease is common among girls, and today even in boys at a young age. Varieties of this disease are anorexia and bulimia. H Itite: 5 stars suffering from anorexia
Dying from anorexia model Isabelle Karo in social advertising "No anorexia"
Scientists have found a way to cure dementia 9000
that there were special plots in the DNA. - there are four of them, they are associated with the very skills of thinking. Accordingly, over time, these zones begin to work incorrectly, which provokes the process of dementia. This discovery will now lead to the development of new drugs for age-related dementia or methods to prevent its development (more)
A diet was created that prevented the development of Alzheimer's by 53 percent
Those who adhered strictly to the rules had a 53 percent reduction in the risk of Alzheimer's disease.