Types of personality in psychology ppt

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Title: Types of Personalities

Types of Personalities

  • By StrengthsTheatre

What is a Personality?

  • Personality is a simple idea for a large portion
    of us to get a handle on. It's what makes you,
    you. It incorporates every one of the traits,
    attributes, and eccentricities that set you apart
    from every other person by different types of
  • In the realm of brain research look into,
    personality is somewhat more confused. The
    meaning of personality can be unpredictable, and
    the manner in which it is characterized can
    impact how it is comprehended and estimated.

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  • "Personality is the integrative organization of
    all the cognitive, affective, conative and
    physical characteristics of an individual as it
    manifest itself in focal distinction from
  • Warren
  • the totality of an individual's behavioral and
    emotional characteristics
  • Merriam Webster

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Essentials of Personality
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The Five Variables Essential Components of
Personality seem to be

  • Extroversion Suitability
  • Principles
  • Receptiveness to Experience

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Lets Understand these Components Better...
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Also read Importance of Cognitive Skills
Receptiveness to Experience
Receptiveness to experience has been portrayed as
the profundity and multifaceted nature of a
person's psychological life and encounters. It is
additionally some of the time called acumen or a
creative mind. Receptiveness to experience
concerns individuals' readiness to attempt new
things, their capacity to be helpless, and their
ability to break new ground.
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Also read Moral Values for Students
The principle is a characteristic that can be
depicted as the inclination to control driving
forces and act in socially worthy ways, practices
that encourage objective coordinated conduct.
Scrupulous individuals exceed expectations in
their capacity to defer satisfaction, work inside
the guidelines, and plan and sort out
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Also read Benefits of Interpersonal Skills
This factor has two recognizable closures of its
range extroversion and inner-directedness. It
concerns where an individual draws their vitality
from and how they cooperate with others. As a
rule, outgoing individuals draw vitality from or
energize by connecting with others, while
contemplative people get worn out from
interfacing with others and recharge their
vitality with isolation and various personality
development skills.
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This factor concerns how well individuals coexist
with others. While extroversion concerns
wellsprings of vitality and the quest for
collaborations with others, suitability concerns
one's direction to other people. It is a build
that lays on how an individual, for the most
part, communicates with others.
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Also read Healthy Habits to Follow
Neuroticism isn't a factor of ugliness or
ineptitude, yet one of certainty and being
agreeable in one's own skin. It incorporates
one's enthusiastic steadiness and general temper.
Neurotic individuals are prone to negative
emotions, such as anxiety, depression, anger and
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Deciding Personality Type
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  • On the off chance that, for instance, your four
    prevailing inclinations are Extroversion (E),
    Sensing (S), Feeling (F) and Perceiving (P), your
    personality type is ESFP. No personality type is
    superior to another. Every individual has a one
    of a kind arrangement of similarly profitable
    qualities. Understanding your sort can be helpful
    from multiple points of view, including
    connections, vocation, and learning.

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Types of Personalities
To Improve Your Personality Development Skills,
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Normal Average individuals are high in
neuroticism and extraversion, while low in
transparency. Females are almost certain than
guys to fall into the Average kind.
Held The Reserved sort is sincerely steady,
however not open or psychotic. They are not
especially extroverted but rather are to some
degree pleasing and reliable.
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Good examples Role Models score low in
neuroticism and high in the various traits. The
probability that somebody is a good example of
increments significantly with age. More ladies
than men are probably going to be good examples.
Narcissistic Self-Centered individuals score
extremely high in extraversion and underneath
normal in receptiveness, suitability, and
reliability. There is an extremely sensational
diminishing in the number of egotistical types of
personalities as individuals age, both with
ladies and men.
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visit - www.strengthstheatre.com
Report incorporates in excess of about your
personality type, inclinations, Cognitive
Functions and different parts of your
personality. You may alternatively incorporate
Multiple Intelligences and Learning Styles.
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visit - www. strengthstheatre.com
Why Personality Development?

  • A pleasing persona trumps everything. Be it a
    resume, a portfolio or a project result-report,
    your personality speaks louder. With an
    impeccable personality youre bound to attain
    success in all your life endeavors. With
    innovative techniques and methods of personality
    development one can overcome shyness, hesitation,
    low-self esteem and other fears.

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Why Strengths theatre for Personality Development?

  • Develop your inner self and strengths with
    premium personality development classes conducted
    by Sanjeev Datta, the jury member of Miss India
  • Our personality development classes have been
    undertaken by students, teachers, principals,
    CEOs, parents, winners of Miss India, Miss Diva
    and Mr. India who represent India at top
    international pageants like Miss Universe, Miss
    World, Miss United Continent, Miss Supranational,
    Mr. Supranational and Mr. World. Over the past 15
    years, our aim has been to make India more
    confident. Join our personality development
    training with bandwagon of 1,00,000 students who
    have truly experienced the personality
    transformation of a lifetime.

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A-25, Pushpanjali Enclave, (ICICI Bank Building)
Outer Ring Road, Delhi 110034
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Personality types: main differences and their characteristics

Contents of the article

All people are different: someone likes to lead an active lifestyle and communicate a lot, it is easier for someone not to stand out among others, someone is prone to sensitivity and excessive self-criticism. Since ancient times, scientists and philosophers have been interested in the topic of personality classification, many theories have been developed, some of which have become part of modern psychology. In this article, we will briefly analyze the psychological types that the Soviet scientist A.E. Lichko developed while observing adolescents. It is in adolescence that individual character traits and psychological characteristics are quite strongly manifested, which are smoothed out during growing up, but can manifest themselves at a moment of crisis. Even more types of personality classifications can be found in the free online course "Typology of Personality" on the platform "Russia - a country of opportunities".

Asthenoneurotic type

People with a weak nervous system who are characterized by low stamina, irritability and overwork. They get tired more from psychological stress than from physical exertion. When working for a long time, they need frequent breaks, in general they like to work at their own pace. Such people are hard to switch from one activity to another, it is better not to distract them from the process once again. Any unforeseen situations cause them irritability and anxiety. But these people are very careful and disciplined, they can spend hours doing monotonous work that does not require speed.

Unstable type

Complex personality type, which is characterized by irresponsibility, idleness and addiction, for example, from alcohol, drugs, games. Such people strive for pleasure, they want to constantly relax and have fun. They often have problems with work, they do not want to study and grow professionally. This type of personality can be called a real hedonist who sees entertainment and enjoyment as the main goal of his life. The positive features include openness and sociability.

Conformal type

People who strive to live like everyone else and do not want to stand out from the crowd once again. The opinion of others is very important to them, they try to earn the praise and approval of others. Basically, the way of life of such people directly depends on the society in which they live. If there are religious people around them, then the conformist will be a believer to the point of fanaticism. It is also difficult for them to change something in their lives, it is difficult to pull them out of their comfort zone. Positive features include low conflict, friendliness, devotion and diligence.

Labile type

Empathic people who can feel the mood and feelings of others well. They often make outstanding psychologists and social workers. They are open and always ready to help and support with a kind word. But this type is very sensitive and touchy, does not tolerate criticism in his address, cannot stand loneliness and changes in life.

Cycloid type

People who are prone to sudden mood swings experience strong emotions - either they are overly happy, or they feel sad on the verge of depression. They cope with internal experiences for a long time, they are distinguished by excitability and irritability, sometimes aggressiveness. The positive traits include sociability and friendliness.


People with excessive impressionability, vulnerability and openness. They can get excited about simple things that most people don't notice. They also keep pleasant and unpleasant memories for many years, which flash in memory as if in reality. This type of personality is difficult to tolerate public criticism, is very afraid of being ridiculed. Positive traits include increased morality, compassion and sociability.

Psychasthenic type

People who are prone to introspection and reflection like to delve into themselves and criticize for shortcomings. They have an excellent memory, so they remember their mistakes well and often engage in self-flagellation. Hence, they have a lack of confidence in their abilities, they take too long to make decisions, doubt and are afraid to stumble again. The positive features include loyalty and reliability, they will never betray loved ones and will always stand up for their own.

Schizoid type

Closed and unsociable people who do not know how or do not want to build close relationships with others. But they do a great job of maintaining business relationships. They have a rich inner world, into which they prefer not to let anyone in. Many people have high intelligence and out-of-the-box thinking. But they practically do not know how to recognize other people's emotions.

Epileptoid type

The most complex type of people, prone to breakdowns, aggression and pedantry. They seek to subjugate everyone, to win an authoritarian position. Such people do not know how to build friendly relations at all, they can vent evil on others, they are very scrupulous about the work of employees. But personalities of this type can be strong leaders.

Hysterical type

Personality type requiring increased attention to oneself. They need constant admiration and reverence. Indifference to their person is the worst scenario for them. Such people are prone to fantasy and lies in order to create a vivid image for themselves. However, they make excellent actors and presenters.

Hyperthymic type

Active and cheerful people who are almost always in high spirits. They are sociable, a little frivolous, generally do not tolerate monotony and monotony, often prone to unjustified risk.

16 Personality Types in Psychology

16 Personality Types in Psychology is a common classification that can also be found under the name MBTI. The testing method was created by Isabelle Myers and Katherine Briggs at 1940s. Based on the research of Carl Jung. The tool allows people to better understand themselves and others, find a common language, build strong working teams.

How MBTI personality type is determined

Personality type is determined by passing a series of tests.

In total, four groups of parameters are used, shown in the table below:

personality traits0068
Orientation of consciousness Extroversion (E) or introversion (I)
Orientation in situations support for material information (S) or intuition (N)
decision -making Logica logic or emotions (f)
preparation of decisions clear planning (j) or orientation to circumstances (p)

The resulting letter combination is your type. Below we will talk about what they are and what features correspond to each of the 16 personality types in psychology.

Logist (ISTJ)

He is a responsible realist with a high level of loyalty and obedience. Inclined to build a clear and understandable organization of tasks with their subsequent systematic implementation. He is hardworking and understands his responsibility to the team. Behaves complaisantly, restrained.

Such employees are especially valued by employers because they do not require constant monitoring. But at the same time, successful work requires a clear statement of the task with clear conditions, prescribed deadlines and other important aspects. A person can also be trusted to perform routine tasks, hired to organize the process for others.

Lawyer (INFJ)

These are shrewd visionaries who rely heavily on their intuition, and for good reason - it rarely fails them. People who are inclined to defend their position in disputes, have a strong creative beginning, can express what worries them directly. Periodically, this can become a cause of misunderstanding on the part of others and various conflicts. An important feature of “lawyers” is empathy. It helps them to better win over other people, even unfamiliar ones.

People with this personality type are constantly generating ideas and perform well in brainstorming sessions. Natural insight helps them to reveal the deepest features of the interlocutor's character and analyze his behavior in various situations.

The minus of the “lawyer” is that he is not very good at expressing his thoughts. Therefore, such people rarely find themselves in the first roles where you need to engage in public speaking.

Architect (INTJ)

This is a conceptual strategist, individual farmer, introvert. It shows itself best in cases that do not require active teamwork. They can be freely transferred to remote work, because a high level of personal responsibility and self-organization stimulates the completion of tasks with high quality and on time.

"Architects" can generate many different ideas and then bring them to life. Weaknesses of this type begin to emerge when you need to communicate a lot with people. They do not like calls, they prefer to communicate by e-mail.

The desire to do everything exactly on time or ahead of schedule can harm both the work itself and the person who is doing it. It is very important to give appropriate deadlines for completing different tasks and to ensure that the person does not overwork or burn out.

"Defender" (ISFJ)

This is a practical assistant, which many call the paradoxical extroverted introvert. He shows himself well in managerial positions, turns out to be very loved by his colleagues because of deep empathy. People are good at rallying a team and leading it.

Attention to detail and meticulousness makes the "defenders" good controllers of the quality of other people's work. They become excellent editors, can adhere to the rules and still not feel any discomfort because of such a need.

Virtuoso (ISTP)

These are logical pragmatists who often defend their position as straightforward as possible. It is difficult for them to work in conditions of strict rules that for some reason they do not understand or cannot accept. It is important that everything comply with the laws of logic that a particular person has personally established for himself.

"Virtuosos" rarely have successful remote work. The reason is that they love live communication with people, they show themselves well in negotiations. At the same time, they do a good job even with complex tasks of remote testing of various types of products. The main thing is to control the final quality of work and compliance with deadlines.

"Adventurer" (ISFP)

These are universal helpers who build their lives on the ideas of altruism. It is easy for them to understand the problems of others and really penetrate them deeply. Easily find a common language with people, trainable, rarely come into conflict. This makes them popular, helps to make many friends.

"Adventurer" is one of the 16 personality types in psychology who quickly plunges into work. At the same time, people are prone to burnout, they need to switch their attention between different activities, constantly reminded of the need to take a break. Good motivation is also very important. It is important for people with the ISFP personality type to understand that someone appreciates their efforts, and they are not wasted.

Intermediary (INFP)

This is a reasonable idealist who is distinguished by balance. He always has a lot of ideas that he wants to execute and enough sunk to successfully complete what he started. Such people throughout their lives form their own value system and strictly evaluate everything that comes from outside, comparing with their ideals.

It is common for "intermediaries" to set fairly high standards for people. The disadvantage of this is that the result is often disappointment and deep resentment. Therefore, it is very important to talk with representatives of this psychotype so that they do not accumulate everything in themselves, they can throw out emotions. Accumulated contradictions can lead to an interpersonal explosion.

"Logician" (INTP)

These are objective analysts who rely heavily on their own logic. They show themselves well when you need to find even the smallest errors. People are competent and take what they do seriously. But they are characterized by volatility, especially if something does not meet established internal standards.

"Logicians" always value freedom of action and the opportunity to express personal opinions when it comes to discussing their working conditions and other key issues. They build a serious system for protecting their own views, based on a tough personal position. This sometimes leads them to conflicts with others.

"Entrepreneur" (ESTP)

This is an energetic person who likes to take calculated risks and makes good decisions even in stressful situations. People are reckless and at the same time they can infect others with their excitement. But in sports terminology, these are sprinters, not marathon runners. "Entrepreneurs"

are ready to take on any difficult task at once, but when working on long-term projects, they quickly burn out.

People show themselves well where you need to make quick and decisive decisions and lead by example. They can easily lead others, the main thing is to switch attention in order to prevent burnout. This psychotype suffers greatly from monotonous and routine actions up to the development of depressive states. He also relies on authorities, because the opinion of a leader or a more educated, respected person is very important.

Artist (ESFP)

These are improvisational enthusiasts. They constantly radiate energy, they can literally infect others with it. There are always a lot of interesting ideas in the head of the "artist", he has a penchant for oratory.

People love representatives of this psychological type for their responsiveness and generosity. At the same time, it is very important that the "artist" is not fettered. If you force him to do monotonous routine work for a long time without visible results, the opportunity to prove himself and show off his skills, he will quickly get tired and burn out. In the workplace, people with an ESFP test result are often used as event hosts and presentations.

"Activist" (ENFP)

These are creative motivators that can share their mood with others, encourage them to reach new heights. This is one of the 16 personality types in psychology that have a well-developed intuition.

"Activists" like to experiment, they are distinguished by good insight. They rely on their feelings, which often plays to the detriment of logic. They put intangible values ​​​​and their own ideals higher than many other things and are rarely ready to sacrifice them.

In work teams, "activists" are often used as idea generators. They excel at brainstorming sessions, and come up with an out-of-the-box approach when the discussion gets stuck. At the same time, a person may be reluctant to get involved in work, miss deadlines. Constant monitoring and a good understanding of what such an employee is doing now is important, whether he understands the deadlines set.

"Controversial" (ENTP)

They are enterprising explorers who are characterized by charisma and pronounced intellect. With due perseverance, they can actively move towards their goal and achieve leadership positions. In business, they rely heavily on their rationality and logic.

The “polemicists” start to stall if, for some reason, they do not receive sufficient mental stimulation or slip into a routine. Their patrimony is big ideas that require reflection, the search for the right approach.

People around often find it difficult to resist the "polemicists" in disputes. They perfectly defend their point of view, which is also important in tough negotiations. At the same time, it is necessary to ensure that such people learn to build a dialogue, and not just defend their point of view without paying attention to other comments.

"Administrator" (ESTJ)

This is an effective organizer who can quickly assemble a working mechanism from disparate parts. He easily copes with everyday monotonous tasks, the routine does not frighten him and does not discourage him. Such people are characterized by methodicalness and loyalty, the ability to find the best options for resolving the situation, relying on standard tools.

An important feature of the nature of "administrators" is that they are prone to self-organization. At the same time, they are loyal to leaders and do not try to push themselves to the fore. A person is able to explain complex things in simple language, put everything in order. At the same time, he has no inclination to put forward any innovative ideas. In the work you need to use clear instructions that you can always rely on when solving any problem that has arisen.

"Counsellor" (ESFJ)

These are reliable partners who are distinguished by a particularly high devotion to the teams, ideas and ideals embedded in it. They are distinguished by sociability and attentiveness to others, quickly find a common language with them. Often it is team interests that are put by such people above personal ones. On the one hand, it can bring success, on the other hand, it makes you sacrifice a lot and often brings strong disappointment to others.

It is important to use the personal characteristics of "advisors" correctly. They can be entrusted with responsible tasks and be sure that they will cope on time and demonstrate a really high quality result. The downside is that such people are usually not very well suited for leadership positions - they need a strong leader who can always be contacted.

"Protagonist" (ENFJ)

They are sympathetic coordinators, one of 16 personality types in psychology who do not rely too much on rationality and logic. Much more important for them are feelings, sensations, an intuitive approach. At the same time, purposefulness and increased empathy, the ability to penetrate other people who share their problems and thoughts, are often found.

The disadvantage of "protagonists" is that they give their all to those around them. At the same time, they can step over personal tools or simply forget about themselves, neglect rest. It is not surprising that after working marathons, such people often seek psychological help or prefer to keep a lot to themselves, fall into a depressive state.

"Commander" (ENTJ)

These are decisive strategists who can consistently plan even the most complex actions. Usually they do not accept the limits of possibilities, they try to squeeze the maximum out of themselves and those around them.

When describing the 16 personality types in psychology, "commanders" are usually assigned leadership positions. The main thing for them is to have a clear goal, a benchmark to strive for.

For people who define such a psychotype in themselves, it is very important to remember the risks, the dangers of overtime, to properly balance work and rest.

How to find out your personality type and what to do about it

To take the 16 personality type test in psychology, you can use the materials available on the Internet. They are available in both Russian and English. The principle is standard - you need to answer questions and then see what indicators correspond to the answers.

Like many other tests, this one should not be taken as the ultimate truth. All people are different, their life experience, features of upbringing, development are different. Sometimes a person may find himself on the border between two psychotypes.

But obtaining general data as a result of such testing is important for several reasons: