Self guided journals

17 Guided Journal Options to Try, According to Therapists: Amazon, Papier, BestSelf, Standard Dose


These just might help you stick with the practice.

Courtesy of brands/Summer Soleil

As the new year approaches, you might be thinking about goals or resolutions you’d like to accomplish. Maybe a guided journal is in the cards—especially if you’ve always wanted to start a journaling practice but have felt overwhelmed about where to begin. We tapped the pros to give us all the advice about journaling, plus exactly what to look for when shopping for a guided journal.

What are the mental health benefits of journaling?

Studies have shown that journal therapy, also known as expressive writing, may improve aspects of your physical and mental health. It can improve clarity on difficult decisions and intra- and interpersonal conflicts, help regulate emotions, and improve your outlook on life when made a consistent habit. However, it shouldn’t be the only tool you use—especially if you’re working through a traumatic event. “Journaling is a great adjunct to therapy, but it doesn’t replace it,” Charlynn Ruan, PhD, a clinical psychologist and founder of Thrive Psychology Group, tells SELF. “Human beings are social learners, so it is healthy to balance solo self-introspection time, like meditation and journaling, with social growth time, like therapy, classes, and workshops. We benefit more when we combine these and let them support each other.”

Why should you opt for a guided journal over a blank one?

If you traditionally feel “stuck” getting started with a blank page or you’re intimidated by the idea of filling dozens of lines with your thoughts, a guided journal might help get the juices flowing. “One of the benefits of a guided journal is that it can prompt curiosity and new ways of thinking,” Dr. Ruan tells SELF. “Guided journals help us think of things in a fresh way and open our minds to new ideas and revelations.” She firmly believes that both guided journals and “free style” journals have their benefits, it’s just about finding the practice that suits you at this point in your life. There are also journal apps if digital journaling is more convenient for you.

What should you look for in a guided journal?

There is a breadth of guided journals out there—so many that it might be kind of overwhelming. “The best place to start is to choose an aspect of yourself or your life you’d like to work on right now,” says Dr. Ruan. “Just pick one thing at a time. If you want to increase gratitude, choose a gratitude journal. If you want to explore and heal your beliefs around money, choose one that explores that. Then commit to one guided journal at a time and give it a week of regular use to decide if it is a good fit. If it is a chore to sit down and do it each day, try another one.

You’ll want to read the description and some example prompts before buying too. Is it written in a way that immediately sparks thought? Do you like the tone? What’s more, Dr. Ruan recommends looking for guided journals that are written by or recommended by experts or other trustworthy sources, like authors, speakers, or organizations, or one that’s a companion journal to a book or course you found beneficial.

What should you be wary of when shopping for one?

“Just like therapists, self-help books, speakers, and any other source of information or wisdom out there, be aware of the underlying beliefs of [the journal prompts] and make sure they align with your values,” says Dr. Ruan. A lot of us are easily influenced (there’s a whole profession for it these days!), so she notes to be cautious of how wording may influence the direction of our thinking. “This is particularly important in areas where we may feel more fresh or raw in our self-exploration because we are more vulnerable in our beliefs,” she says.

As you’re shopping, keep an eye out for signs of toxic positivity. Is the journal trying to tell you that if you had a better attitude about your problems, emotions, or trauma? That things will be solved? Are you noticing prompts that minimize your pain or feelings? That’s an immediate red flag.

One thing to remember: “Not every guided journal will be a good fit for you, your style, and your goals. But if you find that, after trying two or three of them, you can’t stick with any of them, consider what internal factors may be blocking you and try to address those.”

Do you need to make journaling a regular habit in order for it to be effective?

To get the most out of the practice, it should become a habit. Dr. Ruan recommends choosing a set time of day when you’re least likely to be interrupted, which is typically early in the morning or before bedtime. “If you miss a day, don’t shame-spiral and stop the habit altogether; just start back up the next day. Doing some is better than doing nothing, so just keep looking at every day as a new chance to restart the habit. ” And commit to the practice for at least a month before you throw in the towel.

“Journaling is like meditation; it is almost universally beneficial for anyone who does it regularly, but for a myriad of reasons some people just decide they aren’t capable of doing it, so they don’t try,” says Dr. Ruan. “Guided journals, like guided meditations, can really help get you started and take away the fear factor of whether you are ‘doing it right.’” Keep reading for our journal recommendations—all guided ( wink) by Dr. Ruan’s advice. We believe in you, seriously.

All products featured on SELF are independently selected by our editors. However, when you buy something through our retail links, we may earn an affiliate commission.

  • Amazon

    BestSelf Co. Core Values Journal

    Here’s a 13-week journal dedicated to discovering your core values. The prompts, based on psychology and journal therapy, ask you to find an intention each day, and then ask how and why you chose it. Then, before bedtime, you explore the positive and negative parts of the day and reflect on opportunities to grow.

    $30 $27 at Amazon

  • Amazon

    Becoming: A Guided Journal for Discovering Your Voice by Michelle Obama

    Loved Michelle Obama’s memoir, Becoming? This inspirational journal is full of all the morale-boosting quotes you can expect from the former first lady, as well as reflective prompts related to the stories in her book, such as, “List three people who contribute to your circle of strength,” and, “Write about a specific experience when someone dislodged a dream of yours…. How did you try to overcome that obstacle?” As you work your way through the journal, you’ll find mentorship and guidance about self-love and self-assurance.

    $20 $10 at Amazon

Most Popular

  • Target

    Intelligent Change Guided The Five Minute Journal

    Short on time? The popular “five minute” mindfulness journal has five prompts each day: three for the morning and two for the evening. The prompts are simple, promoting deeper thought into your day. Start with three things you’re grateful for, three things that would make today great, and a daily affirmation. Before bed, write three highlights of the day and one thing you learned.

    $29 at Target

    $29 $22 at Amazon

  • Papier

    Art Deco Coin Foiled Finance Planner

    If money is where you need guidance, this beautiful gold foil finance planner from Papier might be the thing that helps you stay within your monthly budget. It has an introduction and tips from Kalpana Fitzpatrick, a UK-based finance journalist and author, followed by money trackers, savings checks, and helpful prompts throughout the journal to write out your finance values and goals.

    $40 at Papier

  • Papier

    Anemone Gratitude Journal

    To us, the best guided journals are undated, so that you can start when you please and skip a day if you need to. This one, beyond being the prettiest journal in your collection, starts with a new affirmation each day (because coming up with your own can be tough), followed by a space for self-reflection. In the morning, write down what you’re looking forward to, and use the nighttime prompt to write down three things you’re grateful for. Along the way, there are pages to write yourself letters and reframe your thoughts, plus monthly pages to reflect on the last 30 days.

    $35 at Papier

Most Popular

  • Standard Dose

    Therapy Notebooks The Anti-Anxiety Notebook

    Maybe you’ve seen Instagram ads for this anti-anxiety journal. Among a sea of fast fashion promotions, this journal is an actual worthwhile investment. Loved by therapists and other mental health professionals, it's a wonderful addition to your self-care routine. When you’re feeling especially anxious, it invites you to slow down, prompting you with questions, like “What happened?” “What's going through your mind?” “What emotions are you feeling? How intense are they from 1 to 10?” “How can you think about the situation differently? Challenge your thoughts. ” At the bottom of each page, there’s a note from a licensed therapist to help guide you.

    $38 $30 at Standard Dose

  • Amazon

    Do It For Yourself: A Motivational Journal by Kara Cutruzzula

    If you’re attracted to poppy, fun designs when it comes to your stationary collection, here’s a motivating, colorful journal full of inspirational quotes (that aren’t just bullshit). On the opposite page, a prompt dives deeper into the quote and offers space for reflection.

    $17 $11 at Amazon

    $17 $16 at Bookshop

  • Etsy

    The Embodied Journal

    Two things that are unique to this handmade journal: It includes breath work sections to dive deeper into your manifestation and mental health routine, as well as a QR code that takes you to a different song each day. Prompts ask questions like, “What’s on my heart today?” and “Is there any support I could ask for?” plus a mantra each day that complements the breath work element.

    $49 at Etsy

Most Popular

  • Lay It Flat Bookshop

    A Year of Zen: A 52-Week Guided Journal by Bonnie Myotai Treace

    If your goal is to find moments of intentional slowness and calm, look to this wellness journal written by Zen priest and teacher Bonnie Myotai Treace, sensei. It’s a weekly journal rather than a daily one, so you can make it part of your “Sunday reset” or other weekly ritual to solidify the habit. The prompts get more reflective as you grow in your mindfulness journey.

    $15 $9 at Amazon

    $9 at Target

  • Amazon

    Sensual Self: Prompts and Practices for Getting in Touch with Your Body by Ev’Yan Whitney

    For anyone who needs support surrounding sensuality, sexuality, body dysmorphia, and getting in touch with your own pleasure, this sex journal by sexuality doula and author Ev’Yan Whitney offers a safe, empathetic window into self-discovery. Beyond being a guided journal, Whitney has action items for each day too, like “Play with your sense of touch today. Write down everything you touched and list all the sensations you felt in your body.” It offers a way to reconnect with yourself in a world that begs us to do the opposite.

    $15 at Amazon

  • Amazon

    Zen as F*ck Journal by Monica Sweeney

    Recommended by Dr. Ruan, this cute and supremely profane journal is excellent for folks whose road to serenity isn’t lined with yoga, breath work, or other “traditional” wellness rituals. (Because, while excellent tools, they aren’t right for everyone.) It’s packed with tough love, cathartic activities, and positive affirmations that won’t leave the cynical folks rolling their eyes.

    $15 $13 at Amazon

Most Popular

  • Amazon

    Get Untamed: The Journal (How to Quit Pleasing and Start Living) by Glennon Doyle

    Fans of Glennon Doyle will love this workbook, which is an excellent accompaniment to her best-selling memoir, Untamed. It begins by asking about what you were taught to believe as a child and guides you away from people-pleasing mentalities and other ideas that keep your soul “caged.” With spaces for reflection, an original introduction from Doyle, coloring pages, and powerful quotes from the book, this will help you feel more in control of your life and future.

    $20 $10 at Amazon

  • Me-est Me

    Me-est Me Journal

    LGBTQ-founded and woman-owned, the Me-est Me Journal packs introspective prompts, guided reflections, action items, and canvases for “brain breaks” into 88 pages. It focuses on self-esteem, envisioning what you want from life, and being kind to your past and present selves.

    $29 at Me-est Me

  • Amazon

    Soul Healing: A Guided Journal for Black Women by Sharron Lynn

    Written for Black women, Soul Healing is filled with thought-provoking prompts that go farther than calls for resilience. From battling misogynoir to covert racism, Black women deal with very specific traumas, and author Sharron Lynn confronts it head-on. This journal is filled with inspirational quotes, anecdotes, moments of reflection, and affirmations to cultivate genuine wellness.

    $15 $13 at Amazon

    $13 at Target

Most Popular

  • Amazon

    Let That Sh*t Go: A Journal for Leaving Your Bullsh*t Behind and Creating a Happy Life by Monica Sweeney

    Here's another profanity-laced bestseller from the author of, you guessed it, Zen As F*ck. This guided journal is focused on letting go of grudges, your revenge plots, and all other negative emotions you’ve been harboring.

    $15 $9 at Amazon

  • Chronicle Books

    Two Minute Mornings: A Journal to Win Your Day Every Day by Neil Pasricha

    Two minutes? Okay, we’re sold. This daily journal takes just 120 seconds out of your day to put forth some positive energy. It starts by asking you to write down one thing you’ll let go of that day, followed by a space for gratitude, and then three things you want to focus on. It’s filled with helpful tips if you’re feeling stuck, plus sporadic pages with inspirational quotes.

    $17 $15 at Amazon

  • Amazon

    Good Days Start With Gratitude: A 52-Week Guide To Cultivate An Attitude of Gratitude

    Dr. Ruan’s other specific recommendation, this super affordable one-year journal, is great for anyone who’s really not sure if they’ll like this whole journaling thing. It doesn’t even ask for an entire page—just three things that you’re grateful for each day. There are breakout pages that offer space for longer reflections each week too.

    $7 at Amazon

Sarah joined the SELF team in November 2019 as the editorial assistant, and is now the team's commerce writer. When she's not working, she's a part-time cycling instructor and full-time Plant Person. She's also passionate about environmental justice, sustainability, nutrition, the internet, and fiction. Sarah lives in Brooklyn with her... Read more

SELF does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. Any information published on this website or by this brand is not intended as a substitute for medical advice, and you should not take any action before consulting with a healthcare professional.

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11 Best Guided Journals to Give As Gifts in 2022

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Whether you're shopping for yourself or on the hunt for a thoughtful gift, you can't go wrong with these guided journals. Uncommon Goods/Intelligent Change

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There's a reason guided journals are so big right now: they get your creative juices flowing, offer thought-provoking prompts, and feature inspirational quotes to keep you motivated. Whether you're looking for an in-depth gratitude journal or want a lightly guided notebook to aid you in goal-setting, there are seemingly endless options.

To help narrow it down, we rounded up some of the best guided journals, from anxiety journals to help improve your mental health to robust planners that include blank pages, bullet journaling sections, or a Q&A a day to track more than just your schedule. Many of these are bestsellers, with reviewers loving the layouts and prompts.

The 11 best guided journals in 2022:

Most well-rounded guided journal


The Best Journal Ever from Incredible Journals, $24.95, available at Amazon

Sample prompt: "I am grateful for…"

For a guided journal that focuses on all aspects of your life, The Best Journal Ever lives up to its name. It's a great option if you just want simple, straightforward prompts to list what you're grateful for, what you learned in the past month, and steps for self-improvement. It also has easy-to-follow habit and sleep trackers so you can get a fuller picture of your health and happiness.

Funniest guided journal


"Let That Sh*t Go: A Journal for Leaving Your Bullsh*t Behind and Creating a Happy Life" by Monica Sweeney, from $8.99, available at Amazon and Bookshop

Sample prompt: "Make a list of a few of the things that have bothered you recently. They can be life crises, pet peeves, or little frustrations that are generally benign but make you want to hurl."

Monica Sweeney is the author of several "Zen as F*ck" journals, which encourage self-love (peppered with lots of swearing and cute imagery). This edition feels especially unique because it's more about letting go of things that hold you back (rather than focusing on what you always need to change).

Quickest guided journal


The Five Minute Journal, from $28.99, available at Amazon and Intelligent Change

Sample prompt: "What would make today great?"

If you feel overwhelmed by vast, empty pages, this pretty journal is designed to keep your answers short and meaningful (hence the "five-minute" promise). Every page features a few brief prompts around gratitude and affirmations, as well as inspirational quotes and weekly challenges. It's perfect if you feel too busy to write for a long time but still want to carve out time to fill out a few lines a day.

Best guided journal for anxiety management


"No Worries: A Guided Journal to Help You Calm Anxiety, Relieve Stress, and Practice Positive Thinking Each Day" by Bella Mente Press, from $9. 95, available at Amazon and Bookshop

Sample prompt: "How might I reframe those thoughts?"

If you're in the market for a solid anxiety journal, this is a great one to add to your daily journaling practice. It spans 12 weeks, which makes it less intimidating to finish, but the takeaways can be enormous. It comes with habit trackers and plenty of mental health-boosting exercises that can stay with you long after you get to the last page. 

Best goal-setting guided journal


Self Journal, from $31.99, available at BestSelf and Amazon

Sample prompt: "What did your key relationships look like this week?"

If you're serious about hitting a concrete goal or setting a new habit, this guided journal is meant to be completed in 13 weeks and is structured to keep you on track the whole time. It's particularly great if you want some extra help breaking down bigger goals into manageable steps, like listing out people who you can connect with or hitting smaller milestones first.


Most vulnerable guided journal


"Burn After Writing" by Sharon Jones, from $6.99, available at Amazon and Bookshop 

Sample prompt: "The single biggest waste of energy in my life right now:"

While you don't have to literally burn this book when you're done filling it out, it's designed to have you share your most vulnerable, personal thoughts and emotions with yourself. Beyond going through your likes, dislikes, and childhood memories, it also pushes you to get really honest with yourself about wasted opportunities, fractured relationships, and deep changes you want to make in your life.

Most inspirational guided journal


"Get Untamed: The Journal (How to Quit Pleasing and Start Living)" by Glennon Doyle, from $10.24, available at Amazon and Bookshop

Sample prompt: "Write yourself a note about all the good in your life, relationships, and world. Return to it when you forget."

A journal inspired by Glennon Doyle's hit memoir "Untamed," "Get Untamed" is full of vibrant illustrations and longer quotes and passages to get you in the mood to open up. It's a great option for fans of the memoir, as it touches upon the themes of uncaging yourself and giving yourself permission to live the life you've always wanted.

Most holistic guided journal


Joy Wellness Journal, $29.75, available at Papier

Sample prompt: "Meals that nourish me:"

Things like food, exercise, and rest all play huge roles in our mental health, and this sleek journal encourages tracking these habits as much as affirmations and career goals. It also provides plenty of room for writing a lot, plus dotted pages if you're interested in bullet journaling. 

Best guided journal for self-discovery

The School of Life

Who Am I? Guided Journal, $20, available at The School of Life

Sample prompt: "What tricky character traits do you find yourself being drawn to?"

The School of Life is a UK-based brand known for its self-help books and conversation cards, all of which offer psychology-backed advice. This guided journal is designed around figuring out who you actually are and what you care about, with journal prompts that feel like questions a therapist might ask you.

Most creative guided journal


"Do It For Yourself: A Motivational Journal" by Kara Cutruzzula and Tessa Forrest, from $15.29, available at Amazon and Bookshop

Sample prompt: "Is fear holding you back from beginning?"

If you're looking for a journal that's visually fun to leaf through, this one comes with pages of bright, sleekly designed quotes like "Start Before You're Ready" and "Comparison Will Kill You." The prompts themselves offer a short intro or explanation before giving you a page to answer an in-depth question about your motivations, fears, and hopes.

Most nostalgic guided journal

Uncommon Goods

My Life Story - So Far, $32, available at Uncommon Goods

Sample prompt: "What we did for fun & hangout spots"

If you're looking for a great gift — or a reason to reflect on your life more deeply — this gorgeous guided journal comes with questions that encourage revisiting your most cherished memories, from teenage drama to first crushes. After you're done, it can be a valuable keepsake to pass down to family or loved ones.

Julia Pugachevsky

Julia is the education and personal development editor on the Insider Reviews team. Since October 2020, she's written about a popular Harvard persuasive writing course, a free UPenn course that explains the science behind COVID-19 vaccines, and a bestselling self-help book seen all over Twitter. She's also organized and edited a series on how to get unstuck during the pandemic as well as what to do when you get rejected from grad, medical, or law school. Through her work as a sex and relationships editor at Cosmopolitan and BuzzFeed, as well as a freelance lifestyle reporter, Julia learned that she loves interviewing experts and putting together stories that inspire people to make small yet effective changes in their lives. Julia is passionate about accessible, affordable education and is living proof that e-learning has the potential to make career transitions more attainable: During quarantine, she completed a five-month Coursera MasterTrack certificate program in Instructional Design from the University of Illinois while starting her role at Insider. You can say hi to Julia at [email protected] or shoot her a DM on Twitter or Instagram (she is @jaypugz on both). Learn more about how our team of experts tests and reviews products at Insider here. Learn more about how we review educational and personal development products.

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Features Education & Personal Development Insider Reviews 2022


Chapter XII. Self-governing Churches / Official documents /

Home / The Charter of the Russian Orthodox Church

and within the limits provided by the Patriarchal Tomos, issued in accordance with the decisions of the Local or Bishops' Council.

2. The decision to form or abolish the Self-Governing Church, as well as the determination of its territorial boundaries, is made by the Local Council. nine0003

3. The organs of ecclesiastical authority and administration of the Self-Governing Church are the Council and the Synod headed by the Primate of the Self-Governing Church in the rank of Metropolitan or Archbishop.

4. The Primate of the Self-Governing Church is elected by the Council from among the candidates approved by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus' and the Holy Synod.

5. The primate takes office after being approved by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus'.

6. The primate is the diocesan bishop of his diocese and heads the Self-Governing Church on the basis of the canons, this Statute and the Statute of the Self-Governing Church. nine0003

7. The name of the Primate is commemorated in all churches of the Self-Governing Church after the name of the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus'.

8. Decisions on the formation or abolition of dioceses belonging to the Self-Governing Church, and on the determination of their territorial boundaries, are made by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus' and the Holy Synod on the proposal of the Synod of the Self-Governing Church, with subsequent approval by the Council of Bishops.

9. Bishops of the Self-Governing Church are elected by the Synod from candidates approved by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus' and the Holy Synod. nine0003

10. Bishops of the Self-Governing Church are members of the Local and Bishops' Councils and participate in their work in accordance with Sections II and III of this Statute and in meetings of the Holy Synod.

11. Decisions of the Local and Bishops' Councils and the Holy Synod are binding on the Self-Governing Church.

12. The Supreme General Church Court and the Court of the Council of Bishops are the ecclesiastical courts of the highest instance for the Self-Governing Church.

13. The Council of the Self-Governing Church adopts the Statute governing the administration of this Church on the basis and within the limits provided by the Patriarchal Tomos. The charter is subject to approval by the Holy Synod and approval by the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus'. nine0003

14. The Council and the Synod of the Self-Governing Church operate within the boundaries determined by the Patriarchal Tomos, this Statute and the Statute governing the governance of the Self-Governing Church.

15. The self-governing Church receives holy chrism from the Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus'.

16. Self-governing are:

  • Latvian Orthodox Church;
  • Orthodox Church of Moldova;
  • Estonian Orthodox Church.

17. The self-governing part of the Russian Orthodox Church is the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia in the historically established totality of its dioceses, parishes and other church institutions. nine0003

The provisions of this Statute are applied therein subject to the Act of Canonical Communion of May 17, 2007, as well as the Regulations on the Russian Orthodox Church Outside of Russia, as amended and supplemented by the Council of Bishops of the Russian Church Abroad on May 13, 2008.

Related materials

Chapter I. General Provisions [Documents]
Chapter II. Local Council [Documents]
Chapter III. Bishops' Council [Documents]
Chapter IV. Patriarch of Moscow and All Rus' [Documents]

Other documents

Chapter V. Holy Synod
Chapter VI. Supreme Church Council
Chapter VII. Inter-Council Presence
Chapter VIII. Moscow Patriarchate and synodal institutions
Chapter IX. Church Court
Chapter X. Ukrainian Orthodox Church

How self-driving cars and their shared use will change Moscow – News – IQ Research and Education Portal – National Research University Higher School of Economics

In 15 years, the share of unmanned passenger cars in Moscow may exceed 60%. But the effect of them will not be good enough if you do not limit the movement of personal transport and do not develop car sharing services. Changes in the city with cars without drivers were evaluated for the first time at the Higher School of Economics. Forecasts for 2030 and 2035 are in the study by Alexei Zomarev and Maria Rozhenko.

Scenarios for the future

The beginning of the mass operation of self-driving vehicles is a matter of the next decade. But researchers are increasingly paying attention not just to "drones", but to the possibility of their joint use - the so-called unmanned carsharing, abbreviated as SAV ( shared autonomous vehicle ).

In its modern form, these are two services: ridesharing (fellow travelers on a common route) and carsharing (short-term car rental). In the “unmanned” version, the services will be combined, but without the participation of the driver.

New technologies will affect the mobility of the population, its employment, road safety, ecology, living conditions, availability of road transport. Aleksey Zomarev and Maria Rozhenko modeled the vision of all this on the example of Moscow. nine0003

Read also

Based on official city strategies and available data on private car occupancy, car sales dynamics, road network capacity, etc. – scientists have created four scenarios up to 2030 and 2035:




“Absolute mobility”

, and self-managed. nine0003

“Stagnation” and “Robotization” are scenarios with a low level of development of sharing services. "Absolute Mobility" and "Sharing" - with high.

Planning horizon - 2030 and 2035 - the researchers explain as follows: 2022 - the start of operation of unmanned vehicles in taxi services, 2024 - permission to use "drones" for personal purposes. Thus, the years 2030 and 2035 are optimal for analyzing the dynamics of changes in transport behavior. Moreover, 2035 is the limit in official forecasts, it is impossible to look further because of the “low quality of the initial data”. nine0003

“Stagnation” and “Robotization”

The pace of “capture” of Moscow by transport without a person behind the wheel in these scenarios is different, and the dynamics of car sharing services is equally slow: their share in daily trips is insignificant.

With the "Stagnation" of self-driving cars in 2030, about 10% will be typed, by 2035 - 34%. With Robotization, the share will increase from 18% to 61% over the five-year period. However, it will not be possible to extract the maximum benefits from unmanned technologies.

Due to their weak development, with "Stagnation" the accident rate will decrease to a lesser extent - most cars in the city will remain with the driver, and this is the influence of the human factor. With "Robotics", a serious obstacle will be insufficient quality control over autonomous vehicles - its condition, location, security of IT systems.

This will increase the tension on the roads, which will not become freer. By 2035, under both scenarios, the number of cars will increase to 6 million (according to 2019 data).Moscow had 4.7 million) and the provision of Muscovites with them - up to 464 cars per 1000 people (now - 293).

The load on the road network will increase by 13%, downtime in traffic jams - by 5-10%, the shortage of parking spaces - by 1. 7 million.

The cost of resources in absolute terms per trip will decrease, but its cost will still go up after the costs of maintenance and the purchase of more expensive self-driving cars.

"Absolute Mobility" and "Sharing"

Unlike the previous scenarios, these are scenarios with a large share of "common" cars. But in “Sharing”, the penetration rate of unmanned technologies is low and sharing services rely mainly on traditional ones. In "Absolute Mobility", on the contrary, it is high, so most transportation will be carried out by cars without a driver, and sharing indicators will reach optimal values ​​by 2035:

car load will double - up to 2.3 passengers;

the average duration of a trip in Moscow will be 55 minutes, which is comparable to the duration of a trip by private car;

the intensity of car use will increase from the current 6 to almost 14 trips per day;

Up to 32 people can use one SAV per day.

All this will reduce the need of citizens for personal transport, will save time and not worry about parking (while maintaining the benefits existing in Moscow for parking carsharing cars). nine0003

Availability of "joint" services will not depend on wealth and health status, although it also threatens to provoke social tension due to changes in the labor market.

Self-driving cars will deprive 200,000 people of their jobs — drivers, courier-escorts, traffic controllers, traffic police inspectors.

The city will "breathe" more freely: the number of cars will be reduced as much as possible - to 1.6 million. Traditional public transport will be unloaded, part of its routes will be abolished. nine0003

“Scenarios with a high share of car sharing will allow a smaller fleet to meet a greater demand for passenger transportation,” the study authors conclude. According to their calculations, with the most favorable forecast in 2030, 58% of trips will be made daily in such cars, in 2035 - 77%. This corresponds to global assessments of the dynamics of sharing services in megacities.

Ban to improve

Whether or not the scenario becomes a reality depends on the measures taken by the authorities to regulate the car market. The existing transport policy, according to scientists, is ineffective. It is causing an uncontrolled growth in the number of private cars, and if left unchecked, driverless cars will be stuck in traffic jams next to the traditional ones. nine0003

The fleet of unmanned vehicles should not grow uncontrollably either. However, to stop the "degradation of the urban environment" will help the stake on them and on public transport. Car-sharing companies should be encouraged to purchase self-driving vehicles, and citizens should be encouraged to give up their personal ownership and actively use the “common”.

It is proposed to implement this with the help of a set of measures distributed depending on the scenarios.

Also read

So, for “Shared use” and “Absolute mobility”, where the operation of “shared” cars is a priority, the number of personal cars can be limited if:

increase the cost of ownership by increasing the vehicle tax;

legislate the right to purchase a car only if you have your own or rented for a long time parking space within walking distance from the house.

To implement the "Robotics" scenario, it is important to increase the share of unmanned vehicles. For example, by banning the operation of vehicles older than 10 years or by raising the tax on a traditional car.

Taxes can be changed according to the autonomy of the car: the higher it is, the less you pay. In addition, the introduction of the so-called e-pricing will help to limit the movement of personal transport - city fares depending on the time of day and travel zone. nine0003

Fiscal changes and new requirements for private car owners are not the only thing that will be required, but it is the most sensitive for citizens.

There will be social costs to the initiatives: “forced change in transport behavior”, increased travel costs and the need to adapt to new technologies.

Therefore, the transport policy, among other things, must be proactive - to prevent adverse consequences and inform the citizens as much as possible. Future benefits need to be clearly justified, and measures “introduced gradually and announced in advance, several years before the decisions come into force.

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