Personality types and groups

16 Personality Types Overview | Free Access


Complete overview of the 16 Personality Types. Free in-depth and practical information on the 16 personality types, including careers, relationships, and core values. Enjoy and share with your friends!

What’s your personality type? Take our free personality test ->


The Inspector – ISTJ Personality

At first glance, ISTJs are intimidating. They appear serious, formal, and proper. They also love traditions and old-school values that uphold patience, hard work, honor, and social and cultural responsibility. They are reserved, calm, quiet, and upright. These traits result from the combination of I, S, T, and J, a personality type that is often misunderstood.






The Counselor – INFJ Personality

INFJs are visionaries and idealists who ooze creative imagination and brilliant ideas. They have a different, and usually more profound, way of looking at the world. They have a substance and depth in the way they think, never taking anything at surface level or accepting things the way they are. Others may sometimes perceive them as weird or amusing because of their different outlook on life.





The Mastermind – INTJ Personality

INTJs, as introverts, are quiet, reserved, and comfortable being alone. They are usually self-sufficient and would rather work alone than in a group. Socializing drains an introvert’s energy, causing them to need to recharge. INTJs are interested in ideas and theories. When observing the world they are always questioning why things happen the way they do. They excel at developing plans and strategies, and don’t like uncertainty.





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The Giver – ENFJ Personality

ENFJs are people-focused individuals. They are extroverted, idealistic, charismatic, outspoken, highly principled and ethical, and usually know how to connect with others no matter their background or personality. Mainly relying on intuition and feelings, they tend to live in their imagination rather than in the real world. Instead of focusing on living in the “now” and what is currently happening, ENFJs tend to concentrate on the abstract and what could possibly happen in the future.





The Craftsman – ISTP Personality

ISTPs are mysterious people who are usually very rational and logical, but also quite spontaneous and enthusiastic. Their personality traits are less easily recognizable than those of other types, and even people who know them well can’t always anticipate their reactions. Deep down, ISTPs are spontaneous, unpredictable individuals, but they hide those traits from the outside world, often very successfully.






The Provider – ESFJ Personality

ESFJs are the stereotypical extroverts. They are social butterflies, and their need to interact with others and make people happy usually ends up making them popular. The ESFJ usually tends to be the cheerleader or sports hero in high school and college. Later on in life, they continue to revel in the spotlight, and are primarily focused on organizing social events for their families, friends and communities. ESFJ is a common personality type and one that is liked by many people.





The Idealist – INFP Personality

INFPs, like most introverts, are quiet and reserved. They prefer not to talk about themselves, especially in the first encounter with a new person. They like spending time alone in quiet places where they can make sense of what is happening around them. They love analyzing signs and symbols, and consider them to be metaphors that have deeper meanings related to life. They are lost in their imagination and daydreams, always drowned in the depth of their thoughts, fantasies, and ideas.





The Performer – ESFP Personality

ESFPs have an Extraverted, Observant, Feeling and Perceiving personality, and are commonly seen as Entertainers. Born to be in front of others and to capture the stage, ESFPs love the spotlight. ESFPs are thoughtful explorers who love learning and sharing what they learn with others. ESFPs are “people people” with strong interpersonal skills. They are lively and fun, and enjoy being the center of attention. They are warm, generous, and friendly, sympathetic and concerned for other people’s well-being.





The Champion – ENFP Personality

ENFPs have an Extraverted, Intuitive, Feeling and Perceiving personality. This personality type is highly individualistic and Champions strive toward creating their own methods, looks, actions, habits, and ideas — they do not like cookie cutter people and hate when they are forced to live inside a box. They like to be around other people and have a strong intuitive nature when it comes to themselves and others. They operate from their feelings most of the time, and they are highly perceptive and thoughtful.





The Doer – ESTP Personality

ESTPs have an Extraverted, Sensing, Thinking, and Perceptive personality. ESTPs are governed by the need for social interaction, feelings and emotions, logical processes and reasoning, along with a need for freedom. Theory and abstracts don’t keep ESTP’s interested for long. ESTPs leap before they look, fixing their mistakes as they go, rather than sitting idle or preparing contingency plans.





The Supervisor – ESTJ Personality

ESTJs are organized, honest, dedicated, dignified, traditional, and are great believers of doing what they believe is right and socially acceptable. Though the paths towards “good” and “right” are difficult, they are glad to take their place as the leaders of the pack. They are the epitome of good citizenry. People look to ESTJs for guidance and counsel, and ESTJs are always happy that they are approached for help.





The Commander – ENTJ Personality

An ENTJ’s primary mode of living focuses on external aspects and all things are dealt with rationally and logically. Their secondary mode of operation is internal, where intuition and reasoning take effect. ENTJs are natural born leaders among the 16 personality types and like being in charge. They live in a world of possibilities and they often see challenges and obstacles as great opportunities to push themselves. They seem to have a natural gift for leadership, making decisions, and considering options and ideas quickly yet carefully. They are “take charge” people who do not like to sit still.





The Thinker – INTP Personality

INTPs are well known for their brilliant theories and unrelenting logic, which makes sense since they are arguably the most logical minded of all the personality types. They love patterns, have a keen eye for picking up on discrepancies, and a good ability to read people, making it a bad idea to lie to an INTP. People of this personality type aren’t interested in practical, day-to-day activities and maintenance, but when they find an environment where their creative genius and potential can be expressed, there is no limit to the time and energy INTPs will expend in developing an insightful and unbiased solution.





The Nurturer – ISFJ Personality

ISFJs are philanthropists and they are always ready to give back and return generosity with even more generosity. The people and things they believe in will be upheld and supported with enthusiasm and unselfishness. ISFJs are warm and kind-hearted. They value harmony and cooperation, and are likely to be very sensitive to other people’s feelings. People value the ISFJ for their consideration and awareness, and their ability to bring out the best in others.





The Visionary – ENTP Personality

Those with the ENTP personality are some of the rarest in the world, which is completely understandable. Although they are extroverts, they don’t enjoy small talk and may not thrive in many social situations, especially those that involve people who are too different from the ENTP. ENTPs are intelligent and knowledgeable need to be constantly mentally stimulated. They have the ability to discuss theories and facts in extensive detail. They are logical, rational, and objective in their approach to information and arguments.





The Composer – ISFP Personality

ISFPs are introverts that do not seem like introverts. It is because even if they have difficulties connecting to other people at first, they become warm, approachable, and friendly eventually. They are fun to be with and very spontaneous, which makes them the perfect friend to tag along in whatever activity, regardless if planned or unplanned. ISFPs want to live their life to the fullest and embrace the present, so they make sure they are always out to explore new things and discover new experiences. It is in experience that they find wisdom, so they do see more value in meeting new people than other introverts.




Everyone wants to learn about themselves. Our TypeExplorer personality test shows you what it means to be you. The TypeExplorer assessment is based on the 16 personality types that were developed by Isabel Briggs Myers and Katharine Cook Briggs, which was built on the work of Carl Jung in the early 1900s.


Which type are you? Take our free personality test ->

What are the 16 Personality Types? By [Myer Briggs] + Free Tests

“What did the online personality type say to the doctor after running some tests? Is this going to be viral?” – Comedian unknown

Personality jokes aside if, at some point in your life, you have ever wondered what your personality type is, then you must have taken a Personality test. Now, there are tonnes of personality questionnaires and tests available online but the Myers-Briggs Personality Type Indicator is probably the most widely used personality test in the world.   

It’s also one of the most regularly debunked even though about 2 million people take it annually.  It is believed that these tests are based on some long-standing myths about what personality really is and how we can measure it. 

A personality test can give you a great deal of insight into the core components that make up who you are. Personality is a thing that individuals informally assess and describe every day. During interactions, people frequently refer to different characteristics of an individual’s personality.

Your job depends on it, your marriage compatibility gets a cue from it. But are personality tests still valid? Most personality assessment instruments are in fact introspective. Personality tests use questionnaires as a data collection method to know more about your personality type, your intelligence, your interpersonal skills, and more!

What is a Personality Test?

A personality test is any of a series of standardized tests designed to accurately and consistently measure personality. It is simply a way to assess an individual’s personality construct. Most personality tests are coined into introspective self-report questionnaire measures from life records such as ratings. 

Personality tests are primarily used for identifying perceived strengths and weaknesses in the character combinations of an individual to give them a direction such that only their strengths are amplified and the weaknesses reduced to a bare minimum or eliminated.

What are the Four Temperament Personality Types?

A study from Carlos III University of Madrid shows behavior types of 90 percent of the human population can be grouped into; optimistic, pessimistic, trusting, and envious. Individuals are either; optimistic, pessimistic, trusting, and/or envious.

Of the four types, envious, is the most common, with 30 percent compared to 20 percent for each of the other groups. Unlike Myers-Briggs, this temperament theory has its roots in the ancient four humors theory.

A more common and widely accepted explanation of personality types is the four temperament theory. A proto-psychological (the study of human psychology) theory which suggests four fundamental personality types: sanguine, choleric, melancholic, and phlegmatic. 

These were associated with the domination of various biological functions. These temperaments come to the most obvious manifestation in childhood, between 6 and 14 years of age, after which they become subordinate (in most cases).

  • Sanguine (optimistic, active, and social)

Sanguines tend to be more extroverted and enjoy being part of a crowd. Sanguine personality is typically described as highly talkative, enthusiastic, active, and social. Individuals with this personality have a hard time doing nothing and engage in more risk-seeking behavior.

  • Choleric (short-tempered, fast, or irritable)

Choleric individuals tend to be more extroverted. They are described as independent, decisive, and goal-oriented, and ambitious. These combined with their dominant, result-oriented outlook make them natural leaders. In ancient history, they were thought to be violent, vengeful, and quick-tempered.

  • Melancholic (analytical, wise, and quiet)

Melancholic individuals tend to be analytical and detail-oriented, and they are deep thinkers and feelers. They are introverted and try to avoid being singled out in a crowd. A melancholic personality leads to self-reliant individuals who are thoughtful, reserved, and often anxious because they strive for perfection.

  • Phlegmatic (relaxed and peaceful)

Phlegmatic individuals tend to be relaxed, peaceful, quiet, and easy-going. They are empathetic towards others, yet they try to hide their emotions. Phlegmatic individuals also are good at generalizing ideas or problems to the world and making compromises.

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Origin of the Myer-Briggs Personality Tests

Katharine Cook Briggs, mother of Myer Briggs began research into personality in 1917. She developed a typology wherein she proposed four temperaments: meditative, spontaneous, executive, and social. Isabel Briggs Myers followed her mother’s typological research and with time, took it over entirely.

Briggs and Myers created the MBTI during World War II believing that consciousness of personality preferences would help women who were joining the industrial workforce for the first time to identify the kind of war-time jobs that would best suit them.

Myer-Briggs Personality Types (Socionics Theory)

Socionics, in psychology and sociology, is a theory of information processing and personality type, distinguished by its information model of the psyche. The idea of Socionics is that information is intuitively divisible into eight categories, called information aspects, which a person’s psyche processes using eight psychological functions. 

The purpose of Socionics is to provide a means of predicting the character of relations and the degree of business compatibility, information sharing, and psychological compatibility of people before their joining in one collective group.

Socionics is extraversion (E), sensing (S), thinking (T), judgment (J), introversion (I), intuition (N), feeling (F), and perception (P). 

Socionics divides people into 16 different types, called sociotypes which are; ESTJ, ENTJ, ESFJ, ENFJ, ISTJ, ISFJ, INTJ, INFJ, ESTP, ESFP, ENTP, ENFP, ISTP, ISFP, INTP & INFP. A formal conversion is carried out following the Myers–Briggs Type Indicator.

Read Also: Ultimate Guide to Socionics and Personality Types

The 16 Myer-Briggs Personality Types
  • The Inspector (ISTJ Personality)

ISTJs are serious, proper, and formal in appearance which can be intimidating. They are cultured and have an affection towards tradition. In contrast, they are quiet and usually calm.  They are called inspectors because of their keen attention to detail. ISTJ are rule followers who always take the logical approach towards their goals and projects.

Their dominant cognitive function is introverted sensing which helps them take in the details about their environment while their auxiliary cognitive function is extraverted thinking which makes them efficient and logical thinkers.

In their relationships, they are very loyal to their friends and family members. Usually, they have a small circle with who they prefer spending their time with. The ISTJ thrives in jobs that require structure, logic, and stability.

  • The Counselor (INFJ Personality)

INFJs are visionaries who have a different view of the world. They love introspection and refuse to take things at a surface level. They could be termed weird by others because of how they see life. The INFJ are idealists who love understanding complex issues. They are reserved leaders who are usually creatives due to how easily they get inspired.

Also known as the diplomats, the INFJ prefers to cooperate with members of their team as opposed to conflict.

The dominant cognitive function of an INFJ is introverted intuition which helps them focus on internal insights and generally influences their decision-making. Their tertiary cognitive function is an extraverted feeling which makes them highly sensitive to the feeling of others or what others refer to as being empathetic. 

The INFJ thrives in jobs that require a deal of compassion, psychology, and/or collaboration.

  • The Mastermind (INTJ Personality)

INTJs are introverts who are comfortable being by themselves. They would avoid socializing as it drains their energy. They excel at developing plans and strategies. As analytical problem solvers, this personality type is strategic and innovative

Their dominant cognitive function is Introverted intuition which they use to read between the lines and unravel patterns. The auxiliary function is extraverted thinking which makes them deliberate about solutions and highly organized. 

Also known as the architects, the INTJ thrives in jobs that require logical systems and innovative solutions. They usually prefer to work alone. In relationships, they are loyal and are great at encouraging their partners. 

  • The Giver (ENFJ)

ENFJs are individuals who are people-centered. They rely mostly on their intuition and feelings and tend to live through their imagination. They focus on abstracts and what could happen in the future. 

They are highly empathetic not just to their close friends and family but to people in general. 

The ENFJ generally loves feedback and they can be referred to as people pleasers. 

Their dominant cognitive function is an extraverted feeling that helps them be in tune with other people’s feelings. Their auxiliary functions are introverted intuition that makes them focus on the future as opposed to the present moment.

They thrive in jobs where they can encourage others and push them to grow. This also includes humanitarian-focused jobs. In relationships, they are supportive and always willing to understand their partners

  • The Craftsman (ISTP)

ISTPs are a mysterious, rational, and highly logical bunch. They are spontaneous and unpredictable most times albeit oblivious to those around them because they are experts at hiding their true nature.

Their dominant cognitive function is introverted thinking which makes them focus on the logical aspect of a situation. The ISTP’s auxiliary cognitive function is extraverted sensing which helps them focus on abstract things. 

They thrive in jobs that require technical expertise and physical activity. In relationships, they are calm lovers who prefer being handy around the house

  • The Provider (ESFJ)

ESFJs are stereotypically known to be extroverts. They are cheerleaders and raise the spirits of those around them earning them popularity. Because of their nature, they are easily liked and people easily warm up to them.

Their dominant cognitive function is an extroverted feeling which makes them work and make decisions based on their gut feeling. The ESFJ’s auxiliary cognitive function is introverted sensing which helps them focus on the present instead of the future or other abstract details.

They thrive in jobs that require processes and interpersonal skills. In relationships, they are the traditional partners who believe in structure and stability.

  • The Idealist (INFP)

INFPs are usually reserved and introverted. They usually spend time all by themselves in quiet places. They love analyzing signs and symbols and using them to draw inferences in explaining what is happening around them.

Their dominant cognitive function is an introverted feeling which helps them with processing emotions internally. The INFP auxiliary cognitive function is the extraverted intuition that helps them focus on the big picture through imagination.

They thrive in jobs that require visions and align with their goals/ interests. In relationships take time to select their friends and they are quite big on comprise. 

  • The Performer (ESFP)

ESFPs are mostly perceived to be entertainers. They enjoy being in the spotlight. They enjoy exploring and learning to share what they’ve learned with others through their strong interpersonal skills.

Their dominant cognitive function is extraverted sensing which helps them stick to facts instead of abstract ideas. The ESFP’s auxiliary cognitive function is an introverted feeling which helps them make decisions.

They thrive in work environments where they can be spontaneous, move around often, and involves the use of artistic values. In relationships, the ESFP will prioritize their family and loved ones over anything although they can also strongly dislike a structured life.

  • The Champion (ENFP)

ENFPs are highly individualistic and refuse to live their lives inside a box. They strive to create their own methods of doing things. They operate with their feelings and are highly perceptive and thoughtful

Their dominant cognitive function is extraverted intuition which allows them to focus on abstract thoughts and patterns. The auxiliary cognitive function is introverted feelings which make them focus on their feelings rather than logic.

In relationships, the ENFP is always expressive and shares affection openly. They also thrive in jobs that demand creativity and imaginative solutions.

  • The Doer (ESTP)

ESTPs are governed by the need to interact with others. They are interested in abstracts and theories. They are spontaneous and risk-taking. They aren’t afraid of making mistakes as they make them up as they go along.

Their dominant cognitive function is extraverted sensing which makes them action-oriented. The auxiliary cognitive function of an ESTP is introverted thinking which makes them highly disciplined and very observant.

They thrive in career paths that require mechanical skills, flexibility, and one that is quite unpredictable. In relationships, they can be quite adventurous and prefer activities with their loved ones.

  • The Supervisor (ESTJ)

ESTJs are organized and governed by the zeal to do what is right and socially acceptable. They epitomize the ideal individual who is on the track toward doing what is “good” and “right”. They are happy to be of help.

Their dominant cognitive function is extraverted thinking which makes them quite practical when compared to other personality types. The auxiliary cognitive functions are introverted sensing which makes them very keen on details and stability.

The ESTJs like to work in management positions where they can oversee operations and put in structures. In relationships, they love routines and their loved ones know that they can always be depended on for anything.

  • The Commander (ENTJ) 

ENTJs focus on dealing with all things rationally and logically. They are naturally born leaders who command respect. They also do enjoy being in charge. They see obstacles as challenges in which they can prove themselves.

Their dominant cognitive function is extraverted thinking which makes them deliberate about orders and judgments. The auxiliary function is introverted intuition which makes them trust their instincts during decision making.

The ENTJ thrives in jobs that are complex and require clear strategies for goals. In relationships, they can set high expectations for their loved ones and can be sometimes domineering.

  • The Thinker (INTP)

INTPs are typically known for their brilliant ideas and propositions. They see a pattern in everything and can easily pick out something that’s out of place. They are concerned with finding an environment where their creative genius can be harnessed.

Their dominant cognitive function is introverted thinking which makes them highly understanding and deep thinkers. The auxiliary functions are extraverted intuition which helps with their imagination and inspiration.

The INTP thrives in work environments that aren’t focused on traditions. They prefer flexible and independent work styles. In relationships, they are highly unconventional and autonomous.

  • The Nurturer (ISFJ)

ISFJs are highly generous and ever-ready to give back to society. They are warm and kind-hearted individuals. They possess an awareness and consideration towards bringing out the best in others.

The dominant cognitive function is introverted sensing which makes them very detail-oriented. Their auxiliary functions are extraverted feelings which makes them nurturing and very considerate.

They thrive in jobs that require structure and are positioned behind the scenes. In relationships, the ISFJ will take care of their loved ones unconditionally.

  • The Visionary (ENTP)

ENTPs are extroverts who do not enjoy small talk. These personalities are very rare to come across. They have a logical and rational approach to discussions and/or arguments. They are knowledgeable but need constant stimulation.

Their dominant cognitive function is extroverted intuition which makes them always open to exploring new ideas. The auxiliary function is introverted thinking which makes them quite logical.

They thrive in jobs where creativity meets challenges. In relationships, the ENTP is spontaneous and can be quite exciting.

  • The Composer (ISFP)

ISFPs on the outside seem like introverts but deep down they’re warm and very friendly. They are spontaneous and fun to be with. They are always out to explore new things and discover new experiences.

Their dominant cognitive function is an introverted feeling which makes them caring. The auxiliary functions are extraverted sensing which makes them appreciate works of art. 

ISPs prefer to work independently away from the spotlight. In relationships,  they are accommodating and very easygoing

11 Free Myers-Briggs Personality Tests platform

Personality tests are a great way to discover your inner person. In trying to uncover layers of yourself that you haven’t recognized or that have gone under the radar, it’s ideal to take a test.  

Here are 11 free platforms you can take the Myers-Brigg personality test on:

1. 123Test

123Test offers a DISC personality test in under five minutes. The test offers critical information for understanding why you might get along better with one employee and have more conflict with another. It identifies how you perceive other people’s actions.

2. 16 Personalities

The test is based on Carl Gustav Jung’s study of psychological traits and covers five broad personality aspects: mind, energy, nature, tactics, and identity. 16 Personalities has been taken over 126 million times and is available in 30 languages.

3. Personality Perfect

This test is also based on Jung’s and Myers-Briggs’ personality theories. It encompasses four broad categories; extraversion vs. introversion, sensing & intuition, thinking & feeling, and judging & perceiving. The test provides a broad overview of how you’re likely seen by others.

4. TestColor

Test Color tells you about your emotional intelligence, creativity and imagination, social skills, and work style, including organization and management styles.

5. Human Metrics

HumanMetrics shows you information on famous personalities who share your personality type, along with your four-letter personality type. This test helps you get information about which career paths are most suitable for your personality type.

6. Crystal

Crystal provides a free DISC assessment, which tells you how your personality fits into your work environment. Crystal also offers an accurate personality test, enabling you to build an extensive personality profile on one website.

7. Interpersonal Skills Assessment

Interpersonal Skills assess your listening skills, verbal communication skills, ability to work in teams, and emotional intelligence. The test then identifies areas of weakness and provides tactical advice on how to improve those skills.

8. Berkeley Emotional Intelligence

This test shows you 20 pictures and asks you to recognize the facial expression on each person’s face. It is an informative way to learn how well you read other people’s emotions and critical skills for assessing and mitigating conflict.

9. Empathy Quotient

This test is designed to clinically assess you. It uses the same emotional measurements mental health professionals use to diagnose social impairment. It’s a 60-item questionnaire and is suitable to measure “temperamental empathy” in adults.

10. Sokanu

This test works as a career assessment tool that tests you on your personality, background, interests, and goals to determine an ideal career path. After you take the test, it provides you multiple matches to explore different careers and workplaces before choosing an ideal match.

11. VeryWellMind

This test asks you 10 quick questions before delivering your results. It’s not medical or scientific by any means, but does offer other articles depending on your score.

Do you want to conduct your own online personality test for trivia, behavioural or recruitment process? Use the Formplus Builder tool to create your preferred personality tests and infer every respondent personality types with our unique features. Signup now to start designing specific online tests 

How To Know Your Personality Type

When it comes to individuals and their personalities, there are a lot of important determinants that come into play. In trying to understand your true nature, a key factor is knowing one’s distinct personality type. No personality type is superior to the other in the grand scheme of things as they both have seemingly equal pros and cons.

Originally, there are two main personality types which are Types A and B. This helps classify the four temperaments and 16 personalities into similar broad categories. To know which type you are, you can take this personality Type A/B questionnaire—a modified version of the Jenkins Activity Survey.

  • Type A Personality

Type A individuals are multitasking, ambitious, proactive, organized, and status-conscious individuals. In addition, they are sympathetic, sensitive, truthful, and always eager to help others. Type A people are friendly and caring goal-driven and motivated individuals. They are also easily frustrated and have a low tolerance for incompetence with people or projects.

  • Type B Personality

Type B individuals are laid-back with the ability to relax and enjoy small accomplishments. In addition, they tend to be calm, patient individuals and are generally uncompetitive as they often take the “win some, lose some” approach. They are rarely stressed and hardly ever frustrated with people or projects.

Here’s how you really know though. If you read through painstakingly the above line by line, you’re likely an A. If you skimmed through the text, you’re probably a B.

Studies show that there are also Type C and Type D personalities away from Type A and B personalities. The difference is, while Types C and D require more analysis and appear to be more emotionally driven characteristics, Types A and B are driven by certain, easily recognizable, and consistent characteristics.

  • Type C Personality

Type C individuals have a hard time sharing their emotions, feelings, and/or needs with others. They are considered to be emotionally repressed. They find it extremely difficult when it comes to making decisions of low and/or large magnitude. They are naturally people pleasers. 

  • Type D

Type D individuals are usually a combination of stressed, angry, worried, hostile, and tense. They run a strict unchanged pattern of lifestyle and are averse to making changes. For the Type D individual, security is a top priority. Whether it’s physical security and/or job security. 


The entire purpose of personality tests is that the tests can be used for self-reflection and help individuals attempt to understand themselves towards improving their interaction with others. 

For instance, if a job placement requires a certain character trait or personality type, simply taking a personality test helps best decide who best fits that role and removes the risk of people going into the wrong jobs.

Above all, personality tests show the strengths and weaknesses of an individual. With this key information, you can now focus on amplifying your strengths and suppressing your weaknesses.

Use the Formplus Builder tool to create your preferred personality tests and infer every respondent’s personality types with our unique features. Signup to start designing specific online tests now! 

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Personality types: main differences and their characteristics

Contents of the article

All people are different: someone likes to lead an active lifestyle and communicate a lot, it is easier for someone not to stand out among others, someone is prone to sensitivity and excessive self-criticism. Since ancient times, scientists and philosophers have been interested in the topic of personality classification, many theories have been developed, some of which have become part of modern psychology. In this article, we will briefly analyze the psychological types that the Soviet scientist A.E. Lichko developed while observing adolescents. It is in adolescence that individual character traits and psychological characteristics are quite strongly manifested, which are smoothed out during growing up, but can manifest themselves at a moment of crisis. Even more types of personality classifications can be found in the free online course "Typology of Personality" on the platform "Russia - a country of opportunities". nine0003

Asthenoneurotic type

People with a weak nervous system who are characterized by low stamina, irritability and overwork. They get tired more from psychological stress than from physical exertion. When working for a long time, they need frequent breaks, in general they like to work at their own pace. Such people are hard to switch from one activity to another, it is better not to distract them from the process once again. Any unforeseen situations cause them irritability and anxiety. But these people are very careful and disciplined, they can spend hours doing monotonous work that does not require speed. nine0003

Unstable type

Complex personality type, which is characterized by irresponsibility, idleness and addiction, for example, from alcohol, drugs, games. Such people strive for pleasure, they want to constantly relax and have fun. They often have problems with work, they do not want to study and grow professionally. This type of personality can be called a real hedonist who sees entertainment and enjoyment as the main goal of his life. The positive features include openness and sociability. nine0003

Conformal type

People who strive to live like everyone else and do not want to stand out from the crowd once again. The opinion of others is very important to them, they try to earn the praise and approval of others. Basically, the way of life of such people directly depends on the society in which they live. If there are religious people around them, then the conformist will be a believer to the point of fanaticism. It is also difficult for them to change something in their lives, it is difficult to pull them out of their comfort zone. Positive features include low conflict, friendliness, devotion and diligence. nine0003

Labile type

Empathic people who can feel the mood and feelings of others well. They often make outstanding psychologists and social workers. They are open and always ready to help and support with a kind word. But this type is very sensitive and touchy, does not tolerate criticism in his address, cannot stand loneliness and changes in life.

Cycloid type

People who are prone to sudden mood swings experience strong emotions - either they are overly happy, or they feel sad on the verge of depression. They cope with internal experiences for a long time, they are distinguished by excitability and irritability, sometimes aggressiveness. The positive traits include sociability and friendliness. nine0003


People with excessive impressionability, vulnerability and openness. They can get excited about simple things that most people don't notice. They also keep pleasant and unpleasant memories for many years, which flash in memory as if in reality. This type of personality is difficult to tolerate public criticism, is very afraid of being ridiculed. Positive traits include increased morality, compassion and sociability.

Psychasthenic type

People who are prone to introspection and reflection like to delve into themselves and criticize for shortcomings. They have an excellent memory, so they remember their mistakes well and often engage in self-flagellation. Hence, they have a lack of confidence in their abilities, they take too long to make decisions, doubt and are afraid to stumble again. The positive features include loyalty and reliability, they will never betray loved ones and will always stand up for their own.

Schizoid type

Closed and unsociable people who do not know how or do not want to build close relationships with others. But they do a great job of maintaining business relationships. They have a rich inner world, into which they prefer not to let anyone in. Many people have high intelligence and out-of-the-box thinking. But they practically do not know how to recognize other people's emotions. nine0003

Epileptoid type

The most complex type of people, prone to breakdowns, aggression and pedantry. They seek to subjugate everyone, to win an authoritarian position. Such people do not know how to build friendly relations at all, they can vent evil on others, they are very scrupulous about the work of employees. But personalities of this type can be strong leaders.

Hysterical type

Personality type requiring increased attention to oneself. They need constant admiration and reverence. Indifference to their person is the worst scenario for them. Such people are prone to fantasy and lies in order to create a vivid image for themselves. However, they make excellent actors and presenters. nine0003

Hyperthymic type

Active and cheerful people who are almost always in high spirits. They are sociable, a little frivolous, generally do not tolerate monotony and monotony, often prone to unjustified risk.

Personality types | 16Personalities


nine0002 Imaginative, strategic thinkers with a plan for all occasions.


Creative inventors, with a strong belief in the power of knowledge.

nine0002 Brave, resourceful and strong-willed leaders who always find a way - or make a way.


Smart and curious thinkers who never turn down an intellectual challenge.


nine0054 INFJ-A / INFJ-T

Quiet and mystical, but inspiring and relentless idealists.


Poetic, kind and altruistic personalities, always ready to stand up for a good cause.

nine0054 ENFJ-A / ENFJ-T

Charismatic and inspiring leaders who captivate their listeners.


Enthusiasts, creative and sociable free minds who always find a reason to smile.


nine0054 Administrator

Practical and factual people whose reliability is unshakable.


Very responsible and kind protectors, always ready to protect their loved ones.

nine0054 Manager

Excellent administrators, unsurpassed specialists in process and people management.


Extremely caring, sociable and popular people, always ready to help.

nine0006 Seekers

Brave and practical experimenters, masters of all kinds of techniques and tools.

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