Does texting affect spelling

Texting 'can boost children's spelling and grammar'

  • Published

Image source, Getty Images

Image caption,

Digital devices are a "pervasive aspect of children's daily lives". They offer opportunities as well as risks say the researchers

By Judith Burns

Education reporter, BBC News

Children's unorthodox spelling and grammar while texting does not stop them learning the rules of formal English, suggests research.

Just over 160 children, aged between eight and 16, from the West Midlands, took part in the snapshot study.

The researchers compared spelling and grammar in formal tests and in text messages, at the start of the project and again after a year.

The results showed the most creative texters were among the best spellers.

The children were asked to copy out all their text messages over a two-day period.

'Creative violations'

They were also asked to do a range of spelling, grammar and cognitive tests.

The process was repeated after 12 months.

Image caption,

Word reduction while texting was associated with better spelling-test scores, according to the study

The researchers analysed the numbers and types of grammar and spelling "violations" in the texts and compared them with the same children's results in the written tests.

They found that for the primary age children in the sample, use of ungrammatical word forms and unconventional spelling in texts was linked to better spelling ability 12 months later.

For secondary students, the use of word reduction when texting, was also associated with better spelling.

For primary children, unorthodox punctuation and capital letters were linked with worse performance in the second set of tests but the reverse was true of secondary age pupils.

Primary phonics

Clare Wood, professor of psychology in education at Coventry University, said the results could be put down to the fact that text abbreviation was largely phonetically based.

"So when children are playing with these creative representations of language they have to use and rehearse their understanding of letter-sound correspondences: a skill which is taught formally as phonics in primary classrooms.

"So texting can offer children the chance to practise their understanding of how sounds and print relate to each other."

Prof Wood said the work showed that concerns adults have about the pervasive use of digital devices among children, who are now more likely to read on them than on traditional print sources, "are not supported by current evidence".

The researchers urge schools to continue to teach children the conventional rules of formal written grammar, making them aware of contexts where they are essential and when they can be relaxed.

The work, published in the British Journal of Developmental Psychology, was carried out by researchers at Coventry University and the University of Tasmania.

The BBC is not responsible for the content of external sites.

Texting and Spelling

by Melbourne Child Psychology & School Psychology Services, Port Melbourne

Does Texting make Children’s Spelling and Reading Worse?

Despite popular theory that the use of ‘textese’ (e.g., ‘gr8’ for ‘great’ or ‘2nite’ for ‘tonight’) is creating a generation of poor spellers, recent research evidence actually suggests that texting can actually improve children’s spelling and reading skills.

In order to learn creative abbreviation strategies, you need a good understanding of how sounds and letters are put together. For example, when you replace or remove sounds, letters or syllables such as in ‘hmrk’, this requires an understanding of how the original word should sound, and what it should look like (homework).

Hence, texting actually appears to be improving students’ spelling because it increases the use of these important phonological skills.

Research also indicates that more frequent use of text messaging is associated with greater reading comprehension. This makes sense because due to the personal and social nature of texts people are likely to put more effort into understanding what they mean.

If you Google ‘texting and spelling’, you’ll come across plenty of news articles that appear to be reporting a trend whereby increasing access to technology is decreasing children’s literacy skills. The important thing to keep in mind is that it’s only a correlation, and, while people are keen to solve the problem of declining literacy, blaming technology is possibly too simplistic.

Dr Clare Wood, who specialises in researching the impact of technology on education suggests that children’s literacy appears to be declining in spite of texting, not because of it.

In contrast, there is evidence that children who spend a lot of time engaged in sustained mobile phone use may work quickly on cognitive tasks, but they actually make a lot of mistakes.

Although we think that we can get more done if we divide our attention, we are not necessarily being any more efficient. When we switch back and forth between tasks, the neural pathways in the brain take a small break, which actually ends up making a task more time consuming than it would be if we just did one thing at a time.

In summary, texting can be a good way of encouraging children to practise spelling and writing skills, but it should be time-limited, and they should be encouraged to follow principles of ‘one thing at a time’.


  • Hofferth, S. L., & Moon, U. J. (2012). Cell phone use and child and adolescent reading proficiency. Psychology of Popular Media Culture, 1(2), 108-122. doi:
  • Kemp, N., & Bushnell, C. (2011). Children’s text messaging: Abbreviations, input methods and links with literacy. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27(1), 18-27. doi:
  • Redmayne, M., Smith, E., Abramson, M.J., 2013, The relationship between adolescents’ well-being and their wireless phone use: a cross-sectional study, Environmental Health: A Global Access Science Source [P], vol 12, issue 90, BioMed Central, United Kingdom, pp. 1-22.
  • Wood, C., Jackson, E., Hart, L., Plester, B. and Wilde, L. (2011), The effect of text messaging on 9- and 10-year-old children’s reading, spelling and phonological processing skills. Journal of Computer Assisted Learning, 27: 28–36. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2729.2010.00398.x

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How SMS and Internet communication affect the literacy of schoolchildren

The article studies the influence of SMS-messages and Internet communication on the literacy of schoolchildren.

Keywords : phone, internet, SMS, social networks, literacy.

At present, we are very dependent on modern technologies, not only at the scientific, but also at the everyday level. Cell phone, skype, e-mail, social networks allow you to instantly transfer the necessary information or just a friendly hello.

Before the invention of the telephone and the entry of the Internet into our daily lives, correspondence occupied a large place in human life. These were letters to family and friends. In a word, the only means of communication at a distance. Remember the times when people exchanged letters on paper, with postage stamps and stamps. They were written for hours, days, weeks, because a person put his soul into them, thought about every written word and phrase. Now people correspond on social networks and have completely forgotten about these envelopes with a soul, literacy, short tweets and posts have replaced sheets of paper with a signature and wishes. Psychologists are sounding the alarm that we have little time left for direct communication in reality, and more often we contact each other either via the Internet or by phone. The 21st century is considered the century of virtual communication. Electronic types of communication provide fast and reliable transmission of information, successfully replacing the presence of ordinary letters in our lives, communication with people, and most importantly, our literacy is decreasing. Is it good? And what will happen to our language?

The topic of my research « How SMS and Internet communication affect the literacy of schoolchildren » was not chosen by chance. It is dictated by the problem, which worries many today: the rejection of a lively conversation, a warm letter does not help to strengthen friendly relations, and the slang of SMS and Internet forums does not make a student more literate.

The object of the study is the process of communication of schoolchildren through mobile communications

Subject of research are SMS messages

The purpose of the study is an attempt to identify the impact of SMS slang on the literacy of schoolchildren.

Tasks studies:

1. To study linguistic sources of information on this topic: articles, reference books, dictionaries, textbooks.

2 . To study the history and features of SMS messages.

3. To identify the most commonly used in sms-messages distortion of the norms of the Russian language.

4. Conduct a survey on the impact of SMS on written literacy.

5. Compile a dictionary of SMS slangs.

6. Develop recommendations for schoolchildren and parents to solve this problem.

Hypothesis: SMS-communication is a written culture with its own laws and rules, which is the reason for the illiterate writing of schoolchildren. If humanity does not pay attention to literacy in the design of SMS messages, then in the future this will lead to a distortion of the norms of the Russian language, which entails the "extinction" of the language.

The relevance of the study is connected, on the one hand, with the growing popularity of SMS messages as a means of communication, especially among schoolchildren, on the other hand, with the declining literacy of written speech among a significant part of the population.

The novelty of research lies in the fact that the topic is of interest to today's generation. Like any other cultural and linguistic know-how, an SMS message has a number of advantages that make it a manifestation of a culture that can change not only the appearance of a language, but also become a “new step” in its development.

While working on this topic, we used the following methods :

 study of journalism and popular science literature;

 study, observation and analysis of research on this topic;

 monitoring the process of communication of schoolchildren;

 sociological survey (conducting a survey among classmates).

The practical significance of work is determined by the fact that the results of the study can be used as the basis for the purposeful work of schoolchildren on their literacy. In our research work, we tried to answer the question posed in the title and find the best way to convey information without distorting the spelling and punctuation norms of the Russian language.

On the street, at school, in a store, in public transport, we often see people who recklessly and quickly press the buttons on their mobile phones. They dial not numbers, but letters, not numbers, but SMS - messages. The abbreviation SMS itself comes from the English Short Message Service - a short message service. Today it is a popular technology, with the ability to exchange information anywhere and at any time using cellular communications, and now, thanks to the expansion of the service, it has become possible to send messages via the Internet, which is more convenient and attractive for many millions of users.

Language, as a means of communication, is constantly looking for the best form of thought transmission, sensitively reacts to the slightest changes in all spheres of life. Mass media, advertising, business communication, science, literature are the main sources of language renewal.

Recently, the vocabulary of the Russian language has every chance to be replenished with words that arose as a result of the use of the SMS language. Its enrichment occurs due to word formation. The modern Russian language has a relatively new and highly productive way of word formation - abbreviation (abbreviation).

ABBREVIATION, abbreviation, f. lat. abbreviation, shortening and omissions in the letter; designation of words with initial letters, connection, conventional signs; a letter under the titles (V. Dal "Explanatory Dictionary of the Living Great Russian Language").

The beginning of the history of abbreviations should be attributed to the appearance of the telegraph. Telegraph operators were the first to use vowels in words when transmitting data. But these words were service words "point", "spot", "skb", "vskl".

Further, this idea was continued in Morse code, where radio operators used only the first syllables of a word, instead of the whole word, when transmitting a message. The abbreviation entered our life at the end of the twentieth century. It should be noted that the abbreviation in Russian word formation is widespread in the names of state and political institutions, cultural objects, in puzzles, games, colloquial speech.

And in 1992 there was an event from which the history of SMS originates. Vodafone employee Neil Papworth sent his colleagues the first short message in the history of cellular communications. The message contained only two words: "Merry Christmas!". It is from this phrase that the SMS service originates.

The first phones with the function of sending / receiving SMS began to produce the famous Finnish corporation Nokia . Young people very quickly mastered all the delights of SMS-mail, and the triumphal procession of the service around the world began. Why spend money on voice communication when everything you need can fit in 160 characters. Students scribbled messages at lectures, passed with their help long addresses and dates, time of meeting and declarations of love. The shyness inherent in many teenagers also played a big role - many things are easier to write than to say.

In recent years, the Short Message Service (SMS) ancillary service has grown into a popular communication tool. For many people, the ability to send short messages is becoming more preferable than phone calls. With the help of SMS-messages, they learn about the location, the state of health, and save lives. In Internet communities, in the media, SMS contests are held, SMS dictionaries are published, which contain the most used and popular SMS abbreviations, and the FSB state service is studying the SMS language.

People have always dreamed of creating a language that would unite all countries and peoples. Today, this role is claimed by SMS - a language that is formed on the basis of abbreviations and symbols, which they began to actively use when sending short messages for data transmission.

The advantages and disadvantages of SMS technology are obvious. This service is extremely convenient. Advantages: brevity, the ability to send a message in situations where a telephone conversation is not possible. Minus - inconvenient typing on most modern mobile devices, restrictions on the allowable length of messages, shortening of words, omission of punctuation marks, replacement of letters.

Scientists' predictions about the widespread use of SMS - the language were not confirmed, it was developed in the social and domestic sphere, but was not accepted in business circles. A few years ago, there were suggestions that SMS could become the language of business communication, since there are a lot of abbreviations in the business language:

 abbreviations accepted in the documentation;

 abbreviations used in business correspondence.

However, according to the latest data, he did not take root. Experts believe that this is the language of informal communication. Being a popular communication tool, it allows us to solve some problems. There was a case when the service of short messages served as a real help in extreme situations. In the Czech Republic, during an accident at one of the factories, residents were notified of a chlorine leak via SMS, which helped to avoid many human casualties. In Russia, with the help of this service, fundraising was carried out in favor of the victims of the tragedy in Beslan. Now SMS messages are used in charitable organizations, by sending SMS messages, we can help people who are in a difficult life situation, as well as to vote at castings in reality shows.

SMS can already be considered as one of the main types of communication for a whole generation of people. But there are many reasons for concern. The media has repeatedly talked about the emergence in people (mostly teenagers) of the real SMS addiction. This disease can affect entire nations! For example, the Japanese, who were previously not particularly sociable, have now completely reached the point of absurdity: people who are in the same room communicate via SMS.

In Russia, experts are concerned about the future of the younger generation and the preservation of the literary Russian language, since SMS-message has a detrimental effect on the formation of the child's personality, and on the general educational process as a whole. After all, short messages have become an integral part of our culture, a phenomenon that unites people.

Individual subscribers turn the process of transmitting a message into encryption, successfully replacing one letter with another, replacing numbers and syllables. Such substitutions threaten our language, the literacy of schoolchildren is declining.

The use of an abbreviated version of communication - contributes to the violation of the rules in the Russian language:

 muscle (wash) - phonetic spelling;

- I cha lu (I love you) - cutting off unnecessary parts of the word;

 due to (due to) - hyphenation;

 here (here) - replacement of paired consonants;

 (harasho) - replacement of vowels;

 the absence of a soft sign, punctuation marks, which are mainly used to express emotions.

Thus, SMS-language penetrates into various areas of our lives, influencing our personal development and our culture.

Very often you can hear from our teachers that every year children become more and more illiterate and illiterate. The Russian language is our national treasure and we must treat it like a national treasure - to preserve and increase it.

The Decree of the President of the Russian Federation of December 7, 1995 No. 1221 “On the Russian Language Council under the President of the Russian Federation” is also aimed at protecting and developing the Russian language, the main activities of which are the following provisions:

 development of proposals on the foundations of state policy in the field of the Russian language;

 making proposals and recommendations to support the Russian language as the state language of the Russian Federation;

 expanding the use of the Russian language in interethnic and international communication;

 improving the culture of knowledge of the Russian language;

 development of proposals for improving the training of specialists whose activities are related to the professional use of the Russian language;

 preparation of recommendations for the development of fundamental and applied scientific research in the field of the Russian language;

 assistance in the creation of an effective system of popularization of knowledge about the Russian language through the media and through publishing activities in the field of the Russian language.

Language is called one of the most amazing tools in the hands of mankind. However, you need to use it skillfully, having studied all its features and secrets. I wondered why this happens in the age of information technology. "SMS texts have a strong influence on writing standards," educators say. Some aspects of this influence can be considered positive, while others cause concern among the public. To identify them, I conducted a survey among classmates.

As a result of the survey, it turned out that all the respondents know 100% what an SMS is. 80% use SMS-messages for communication, 19% use SMS-messages in rare cases and only 1% of respondents do not use SMS-messages. When making SMS messages, 11% pay attention to brevity, 20% to fast delivery speed, 69% to the literacy of writing SMS messages. 31% of students make mistakes when writing SMS messages, 69% do not make mistakes, 35% of them notice and correct mistakes themselves, 65% do not notice mistakes in their messages. When asked whether you always follow the rules of the Russian language, when writing SMS messages, 42% answered that they always did, and 58% answered that they did not always. 42% of respondents often use SMS messages, 58% rarely, 65% believe that using SMS messages is convenient because of the fast delivery speed and saving money, and 35% prefer mobile calls.

Concerns arise among linguists who believe that the main users of the SMS language are schoolchildren whose language culture has not yet been formed. Consequently, the current generation, which expresses itself with the help of SMS-language, will become - illiterate professionals.

At the same time, there is another point of view on this problem.

For example, in the article by M. Yu. Sidorova “Do SMSes clog the Russian language?” or “There is nothing to blame on the mirror ...”, it is said that it is not SMS that is to blame for the fact that our generation is illiterate, but some negative processes that have occurred in our society: interest in reading and studying Russian classical literature has decreased, the emergence of “ cheap and low-quality literature, the requirements for the study of the Russian language have been weakened, there is no system in teaching these subjects.

Using the example of SMS - a dialogue that I asked my friends to write, I decided to figure out what are the pros and cons of using SMS messages:

- Where are you

- circus laughing

- When do you wake up????????????????????????????????

- I don't know

After analyzing the SMS-dialog and editing it:

- Where are you?

- In zoo. Very funny!

- When will you?

- I do not know.

Highlighted the positive and negative aspects of using SMS - messages. A positive feature of using SMS - messages: brevity, momentary, non-public nature of the content, conveying information to the addressee, establishing contact, the ability to help people who are in difficult life situations. Negative feature of using SMS - messages: negatively affects the development of the Russian language - “as I hear, so I write”, shortening of words, replacement of letters, lack of punctuation marks, SMS addiction among the younger generation, a huge source of income for cellular operators

Investigating this problem, I found that the main reasons for an illiterate SMS letter can be considered the following:

- teenagers save space on SMS-pages, since SMS-message is a paid form of communication;

- students believe that SMS-letters are not entirely written speech, which means that any errors are permissible in them. The basic principle of almost all senders is “I write as I speak and hear”;

- many are influenced by youth and write the way others write;

Many people find bad writing "cool".

It is impossible to demand from everyone, and it is impossible to achieve that everyone speaks exclusively in the literary language, because slang cannot disappear from our speech overnight. Of course, it is difficult to think and speak at the same time, but it is impossible to fill in pauses with particles, colloquial words, slang expressions, thus we dry up and impoverish our speech. And SMS-messages and SMS-chats "help" us in its pollution and devastation.

I thought about how it is possible to transmit information in a short period of time without distorting the spelling and punctuation norms of the Russian language? My question was answered, it turns out that in a mobile phone, there is a T9 function. T9 - predictive typing system for mobile phones. The name T9 comes from the English expression "typing on 9 buttons". When typing, the T9 system tries to guess what word you are trying to type using the built-in dictionary, the most frequently used words are substituted first. This type of typing is much faster than usual, because it avoids repeated pressing. T9substitutes only those words that contain as many letters as currently typed. At the Unicum extracurricular class, I told my classmates about the T9 function. And I decided to conduct a survey and find out which of my classmates use this service.

It turned out that 22% of my classmates use the T9 service, for them the use of this function is “the ability to quickly write messages”, 40% use it sometimes, and 28% hear about this function for the first time, and only 10% of my classmates said that they use the T9 function, which allows you to avoid mistakes when writing SMS messages.

From my research, I made a conclusion: SMS messages composed by schoolchildren with errors are now out of sight of parents, teachers of the Russian language, therefore, only schoolchildren themselves can control the speech design and literate writing in messages. Illiterate SMS messages do not always depend on the level of Russian language proficiency of students. Therefore, the task of families and schools is to draw the attention of teenagers to the fact that SMS messages must comply with language norms.

In the research work, our hypothesis was confirmed , that from frequent communication in chats, forums and blogs, from the widespread use of SMS messages, a person does not need well-formed sentences and meaningful phrases.

In order to prevent the negative effects of SMS messages, together with a class teacher, a Russian language teacher and a psychologist, they conducted a training "The impact of SMS messages on schoolchildren's literacy." And they identified the following ways to solve the problem posed in the topic of the research work:

 use the T9 program for competent writing of SMS messages;

 try to make the manner of speaking with the help of abbreviations and emoticons more understandable to others;

 explain to schoolchildren the features of the language, show the beauty of words and the inadmissibility of their distortion;

 convince teenagers to distinguish between SMS communication and communication in the real world;

 created a memo with advice to students and parents on this topic.

Otherwise, very unflattering prospects await us - the rapid distortion and disappearance of our language in its original form. The famous Russian writer Alexander Ivanovich Kuprin said: “Language is the history of the people. Language is the path of civilization and culture. Therefore, the study and preservation of the Russian language is not an idle occupation from nothing to do, but an urgent need.


  1. Akhmanova O.S. Dictionary of linguistic terms. M.: "Soviet Encyclopedia", 1969. - 608 p.
  2. Bakhtin M.M. The problem of speech genres / Bakhtin M.M. Sobr. op. - M .: Russian dictionaries, 1996. - V.5: Works of 1940-1960. - P.159-206. Comments - p. 535-555.
  3. Do SMS messages pollute the Russian language? or “There is nothing to blame on the mirror ...” / M. Yu. Sidorova (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow).
  4. Ozhegov. S. I., Shvedova N. Yu. Explanatory dictionary of the Russian language; 80,000 words and phraseological expressions / Russian Academy of Sciences. Institute of the Russian Language. V. V. Vinogradova. - 4th ed., add. - M .: "A TEMP", 2004. - 944 p.
  5. Russian language. Grade 9 Do you want to be successful? Speak correctly!: elective courses / ed. G. I. Dudina, V. N. Ptashkina. Volgograd: Uchitel, 2009. - 186 p.
  6. SMS in the life of a modern person / Kalinicheva Tatiana - "First of September".

Basic terms (automatically generated) : SMS, Russian language, message, language, research work, writing, school literacy, word, Russian Federation, business communication.

How the Internet affects the language: our speech on the Internet and in life

“Look in Instagram, I reposted, don’t forget to like!” - a familiar phrase that has become part of the daily communication of modern people.

How much would we have understood from it 10 years ago? Human speech, manner of speaking, our slang, language development trends change throughout the existence of all human communication. The vocabulary is regularly updated and expanded. This is an ongoing process. But over the past couple of decades, there has been a huge leap in terms of how and what we say.

Have you ever wondered how the Internet affects language? Why have jokes, phrases and even individual words from the Internet migrated into daily communication for a long time? Virtual spaces use their own special set of phrases, their own ways of presenting information, their own humor and manner of communication. These are English words, slang and hybrid expressions, peculiar phrases invented by unknown “afftors”. It is difficult not to pay attention to the fact that the Internet leaves its mark on the oral and written speech of a modern person. As a result, the words of the Russian language are not used according to the rules, we forget punctuation, the culture of communication fades into the background.

Language and speech on the Internet and in everyday communication are becoming more and more converging - this is a natural and inevitable trend in the development of language in the era of the development of the World Wide Web.

At first glance, there is nothing wrong with the fact that Internet users introduce new terminology into everyday life. The problem is that they transfer it from the virtual world to real life, replacing literate speech with a stream of abbreviations, Anglicisms and Internet slang.

Phrases are no longer just Internet slang, they take root in the language. But there is a great risk that this leads to a decrease in the literacy and culture of the younger generation. The influence of the Internet on language cannot be underestimated. Since Internet slang entered our everyday life, a number of problems have arisen.

1. Network language is being transformed into a new style of communication.

The influence of the Internet on speech is easy to see. He invents new phrases at an unprecedented rate. The words “like”, “google”, “avatar” are far from a complete list of terms used by modern youth outside the Internet. We all “download” something every day, “surf” somewhere and “ban” someone. Is it necessary to talk about the constant “spam in the mail”?

2. Nizachot: declining literacy rate.

The older generation communicated through letters, composed literate texts, strived for the beauty of the language. Modern youth simplifies their life as much as possible with short correspondence, using simple terms in everyday life. Internet users do everything quickly. They do not pay attention to grammar, punctuation and spelling. About the high style of writing is out of the question all the more. As a result, we regularly come across solid canvases of text, which are sometimes beyond the power of even the “afftor” to decipher. These are messages without capital letters and punctuation marks. Mistakes in words and incomprehensible abbreviations are also the norm. Young people get used to this style. But at the psychological level, such communication causes serious damage to the literacy of live communication. After all, if a person sees the wrong spelling of a word 10 times, it will be deposited on the subcortex of the subconscious. All this is the cause of illiteracy in modern society.

3. Globality.

The influence of the Internet on the Russian language is obvious. But the problem is exacerbated by the fact that Internet slang is found not only on the Web. Since we are all users of the Internet and social networks, this terminology has managed to seep into print media, radio and television.

4. Internet resources - trendsetters.

Thanks to social networks and forums, new words are entering our everyday vocabulary. The name of the search engine gave its name to the term "google". The word “like” was born on the Facebook social network.

5. Don't come up with something new?

We can also see how the Internet affects language in new technologies. Innovations and developments come from the West, and in the domestic market they are not looking for a verbal designation for a new development. Russian specialists use the original names. Along with innovations, we get new terminology.

6. Mb see you on Fri? Reduce and dominate.

The influence of the Internet on the language is associated with the process of reducing complex terms. For example, the phrase "motherboard" began to be replaced by the simple word "mother". A “laser disc drive” or CD-ROM Drive is easier to call a “CD”. But here we are talking not only about professional terminology. In this age of timelessness, we strive to simplify everything as much as possible. This also applies to conversational phrases. For example, the set of words “as it seems to me” began to be replaced by “kmk”, personal opinion is expressed by the abbreviation “IMHO”, etc.

7. “Americanism” to the masses.

There are few “users” of the site now, mostly “users”, and yet no one lives in real time, everyone is “online”. The influence of the Internet on speech is also enhanced by the widespread use of games on the Web. Anglicisms are present even in Russian-language versions. So they are remembered by the user.

8. The influence of the Internet on the Russian language or how hybrid languages ​​arise

The influence of the Internet on speech can also be traced thanks to hybrid words. There is a growing tendency to mix English phrases with Russian words. The desire to stand out, to invent something new pushes users to invent completely new phrases. Such terms are gaining popularity, firmly rooted in colloquial speech. This is how the influence of the Internet on the language is manifested.

9. Playing with mistakes

Deliberate spelling of phrases with errors, such as “I got it” or “kadila” is a characteristic feature of Internet communication. So far, we are not talking about the illiteracy of such interlocutors. It's more of a game. With this method of communication, making gross mistakes in elementary words, a person expresses himself, subconsciously challenging the generally accepted norms of communication.

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