Therapeutic goals of behavior therapy

Therapeutic Goals In Behavioural Therapy

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Behavioural Therapy
Behavioural therapy, as the name suggests, focuses on fostering positive behaviour, and eradicating unwanted or maladaptive behaviour. Counsellors who use this approach believe that behaviour is learned; therefore it can also be unlearned through therapy. Corey G. (2013 pg. 227) has written that this approach is used to treat issues related to anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, depression, substance abuse, eating and weight disorders, sexual problem, pain management and hypertension. The approach has been used to treat disabilities related to development, mental illness, education, special education, community psychology, clinical psychology, rehabilitation, self management, sports psychology, health related behaviours, …show more content…
(Corey, G. 2013)
Therapeutic Process
Therapeutic Goals
Behaviourists, as other counsellors, strive to help clients achieve their personal and professional objectives by making positive adjustments to circumstances. Therefore the primary aim of this approach is to help clients eradicate maladaptive behaviours while developing positive, constructive behaviour. Emphasis is laid on not just eliminating behaviour but more so on replacing them with productive ways of responding. This is achieved by setting and working on mutually set goals between the client and counsellor. (Corey, G. 2013)
Role and Function of the Therapist
According to Corey, G. (2013) the therapist follows the ABC model to do a formal behavioural analysis of his client. Here, the therapists propose that a particular behaviour is always preceded by an event (Antecedent events) which causes the behaviour (B), and every behaviour has a consequence (C). These consequences help sustain behaviour, either by increasing it or decreasing it. The therapist applies this model to identify antecedents and consequences of a particular behaviour of concern and therefore, change…show more content…
Although MBSR is a training with potential benefits for all types of participants, historically, students have suffered from a wide range of chronic disorders and diseases. MBSR is an 8-week intensive training in mindfulness meditation, based on ancient healing practices, which meets on a weekly basis. Mindfulness practice is ideal for cultivating greater awareness of the unity of mind and body, as well as of the ways the unconscious thoughts, feelings, and behaviours can undermine emotional, physical, and spiritual health. The mind is known to be a factor in stress and stress-related disorders, and meditation has been shown to positively affect a range of autonomic physiological processes, such as lowering blood pressure and reducing overall arousal and emotional reactivity. In addition to mindfulness practices, MBSR uses yoga to help reverse the prevalence of the feeling of being weak or unwanted (disuse atrophy) from our culture 's largely sedentary lifestyle, especially for those with pain and chronic illnesses. The program brings meditation and yoga together so that the virtues of both can be experienced simultaneously”

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Behavior Therapy

Behavior Therapy

What is Behavior Therapy?

Behavior therapy begins with an in-depth assessment of the patient’s condition including behavioral patterns.   Patients may be requires to answer questionnaires or keep daily journals so the therapist can recognize trends in behaviors, such as triggers of the behavior.  Once the patient’s condition is assessed, the patient and therapist agree on short and long-term goals for the therapy.

Goals of Behavior Therapy

The goals of behavior therapy are specific: to change or eliminate specific behavior.  Typically, the therapist and the patient will work together to set clear goals for the course of therapy.  However, patients do not always actively participate in their therapy.  For example, people forced into behavior therapy (such as institutionalized patients or children by their parents) may be reluctant to participate at all.

The Role of the Therapist in Behavior Therapy

Texas Care therapists take on various roles throughout the course of behavior therapy.  First, the therapist must be the “teacher” by helping the patient to recognize destructive behaviors and their patterns or triggers.   Depending on the method of behavior therapy used, the therapist may act as a supportive person (such as when coping with stress caused from confronting a phobia) or as a harsh authority figure (such as when pushing a patient to deal with a phobia).Your Texas Care therapist may also work with family members to teach them skills for dealing with the negative behaviors.

Methods of Behavior Therapy

Treatment with behavior therapy often focuses on “what,” “when” and “how” questions, but never “why” questions. Common methods of behavior therapy include:

Behavior therapy works to eliminate or improve thoughts and behaviors that negatively affect the patient.

  • Systematic desensitization: This method of behavior therapy is specifically used for overcoming anxiety disorders including specific phobias. First, patients are taught relaxation techniques to use during the course of treatment. Then, they gradually work towards confronting the fear.  For example, a person with a fear of water may start by looking at pictures of water, then gradually work up to putting his/her feet in water, and finally submerging in water.
  • Exposure and response prevention: This method of behavior therapy is most typically used to treat obsessive compulsive disorder.  It involves exposing the patient to his/her specific trigger.  For example, a patient who compulsively washes his hands may be required to put dirt on his hands and leave it there for a set period of time. The time frame would increasingly increase until the patient does not feel an immediate need to wash his hands once they become dirty.
  • Behavior modification: This method uses positive and negative reinforcement to help the patient (usually a child) learn different behaviors. Behavior modification has shown effective in treating behavioral problems in children with ADHD.
  • Flooding: Flooding is similar to systematic desensitization as both require the patient to confront a fear.  However, flooding occurs rapidly and overwhelmingly without any gradual approach.  The goal of flooding is to show the patient that his/her fears are not rational. Flooding is not as effective as systematic desensitization but it is much faster.
  • Operant conditioning: Operant conditioning uses positive and negative reinforcements to reward and punish behaviors.
  • Covert conditioning: In this method of behavior therapy, the undesirable behavior is paired with unpleasant stimuli.  An association is then formed between the two in order to discourage the patient from the behavior.
  • Observational learning: This method is most commonly used in young children.  The patient will observe positive behaviors performed by others.  Then, the patient will be encouraged to follow these behaviors.
  • Contingency management: This method is commonly used for treating drug and alcohol addictions. It involves a reward/punishments for following/disobeying set rules.
  • Habit reversal training: Primarily used for treating repetitive behavior disorders, this method follows a multi-step system in which patients are made aware of their problem, learn response, relaxation, and generalization training, and undergo contingency management.

What does Behavior Therapy Treat?

Behavior therapy is most commonly used for treating disorders in which the symptoms themselves are the problem.  For example, some patients with a debilitating specific phobia may not present any other psychological symptoms. Symptom-based conditions, including obsessive compulsive disorder, anxiety disorders, and impulse control disorders, have shown very responsive to behavior therapy.

Behavior therapy can also be used for disorders which are not necessarily symptom based.  For example, behavior therapy has proven effective for treating depression in some cases.  One expert, Peter Lewinsohn, theorized that depression is actually a low rate of behavior which causes all of the other symptoms.  While this theory has been criticized and unaccepted by the psychological community, evidence shows that behavior therapy can treat depression.  For depression, treatment may be much more complex and involve the patient identifying certain trends in emotions and finding ways to avoid or overcome them through positive reinforcement.    However, it is much more common for non-symptoms based psychological disorders to be treated with other approaches or a combination of cognitive and behavioral therapy.


For more information on Behavior Therapy or other Texas Care treatment services, feel free to call 1-88-98TODAY and an Intake Coordinator will be happy to take your call and direct you to the appropriate department. Visit our FAQ page for more information on how Telehealth, Telemedicine, and TeleBehavioral Health can work for you.

90,000 Goals of behavioral therapy. Psychotherapy. Study Guide Goals of Behavioral Therapy. Psychotherapy. Tutorial


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Behavior goals

Behavioral therapy seeks to ensure that, as a result of treatment, the patient acquires the so-called corrective learning experience. Corrective learning experience involves the acquisition of new coping skills (coping skills), increasing communicative competence, overcoming maladaptive stereotypes and destructive emotional conflicts. In modern behavioral therapy, this remedial learning experience produces large changes in cognitive, affective, and behavioral areas of functioning, and is not limited to modification of a narrow range of response patterns in overt behavior. nine0003

Remedial learning experiences are the result of a wide range of different behavioral strategies that are carried out both during treatment sessions and between therapy sessions. Learning is carefully structured. One of the distinguishing features of the behavioral approach is the high real-life activity of the patient between therapy sessions. Patients are encouraged, for example, to practice relaxation training, monitor their daily caloric intake, perform various self-affirming activities, face situations that cause anxiety, refrain from performing compulsive rituals. However, behavioral therapy is not a one-way process by the therapist influencing the patient to bring about changes in the patient's beliefs and behavior. Therapy involves a dynamic interaction between therapist and patient. The decisive factor in therapy is the motivation of the patient. Resistance to change and lack of motivation are reasons for treatment failure. nine0003

This text is an introductory fragment.

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Rules, treatment technique and goals of therapy

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Theory of therapy

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Theoretical Foundations of Behavior Therapy

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Application of behavioral therapy 1. Anxious states. Clinical studies in various countries have shown that behavioral therapy is effective in the treatment of phobic disorders, moreover, behavioral therapy is the treatment of choice for phobias. Main

Goals and main strategies for cognitive therapy

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General characteristics of behavior therapy

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Behavior goals

behavioral therapy aims to result of the patient's treatment acquired the so-called corrective learning experience. Corrective learning experience involves the acquisition new co-ownership skills (coping skills), improving communicative competence, overcoming maladaptive stereotypes and destructive emotional conflicts. In modern behavioral therapy, this remedial learning experience causes big changes in cognitive, affective and behavioral spheres functioning, not limited narrow range modification response patterns in the open behavior. nine0003

Remedial learning experience is the result a wide range of different behavioral strategies that are implemented during treatment sessions and between therapy sessions. Learning is carefully structured. One of the hallmarks of behavioral approach is high patient activity in real life between therapy sessions. Patients are offered, for example, practice relaxation training, control daily consumption calories, make various self-assertive actions, face with anxiety situations refrain from doing obsessive rituals. However, behavioral therapy is not a one-way process therapist's influence on a patient directed to a call changes in his beliefs and behavior. Therapy involves dynamic interaction between therapist and the patient. The decisive factor in therapy is the patient's motivation. Resistance to Change and Absence motivations are the reasons unsuccessful treatment. nine0003

Official initiation of behavioral therapy is associated named Joseph Wolpe (1958). Wolpe defined neurotic behavior as "entrenched habit of maladaptive behavior, acquired as a result of learning. Of fundamental importance is anxiety, which is a component part of the situation in which neurotic learning, and part of the neurotic syndrome. Anxiety, according to Wolpe, is a persistent response autonomic nervous system, acquired through the process of classical conditioning. Wolpe developed a special technology to pay off these conditional autonomous reactions - systematic desensitization.

For explanation of the mechanism of psychotherapeutic Wolpe impact created theory of reciprocal inhibition. Speech it's about inhibition of anxiety reactions as a result of simultaneous causing other reactions from a physiological point of view are antagonistic towards alarm, incompatible with her.

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