Self esteem projects

8 Life Projects To Help You Overcome Low Self-Esteem

We all fall into that state of low self-esteem after all we have been doing, we find ourselves in a sea of failures. Often times, it’s not a pile of losses but a single malfunction. A relationship that did not work out? A job you did not get? An exam you did not ace? A career dead-end? Always tell yourself this shall pass!

But when you get into a series of little failures and are not able to get up and bounce back in the right way, you lose control and start to develop a habit of dragging yourself out of pretension. There is still hope. There is a way out of the self-esteem abyss (aka low self-esteem).

Whenever people ask me questions about self-esteem, a number of times I sense people know what to do but they do not know how to do it. Nowadays we are bombarded with a lot of information on self-improvement and it’s all the same. Let me break those ideas into practical personal projects you can easily do so you can immediately get started.

1. Make a list of your achievements

Do not focus on the negatives. All this time, you have achieved things in your life. Ask yourself, what are these? Having been able to make it through a roller coaster relationship? Finishing a course in spite of the time challenge? Working for a top company in your industry when no one from your college has been admitted except you? Having managed to raise a family or run a household who would not have achieved anything without your support or contribution?

There are a lot of other things you can think of. Listing them down is not silly. They are important. They make you up. They make you important. They make you beautiful.

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2. Create a dream board

Some of the things you have listed in your achievements may be what I call “accidental achievements” because they were never planned. Just like sending you to school was never your choice but it was what everybody was doing. It just went its way on its own without you realizing it. But you cannot leave yourself to luck all the time.

Take control of your life and make things happen for yourself and for your loved ones. You know you should have a dream, a goal or a priority. Now, let’s put that in black and white or should I say, in colors by creating a dream board!

Get yourself a clean cardboard or a frame which you can hang somewhere and put images of what and who you want to be in the next five years and in the next 10 years. Include an image of a person you want to be – maybe physically, emotionally or in whatever aspect of your life. Put this board somewhere visible so you will see this everyday of your life and stop thinking of the setbacks. Start focusing on your dreams and goals.

3. Start making choices of who you want to be not what others want you to be

Related to the dream board, include this process as a personal reflection about the kind of person you are. Ask yourself: Am I acting as myself or am I trying to project a different person? You can be that inspiring person who always catches everyone’s attention. Or the achiever who went to Harvard and is now a successful corporate leader. Or that articulate guy who can speak confidently on stage.

There is a pressure for any one of us to follow a certain figure in our environment. If this is strong, you have to fight the current and be yourself. Fighting the tide means learning to express yourself with your own style, leading your team in the effective way you know or choosing a different path you feel you will fit in.

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4. Develop the habit of self-affirmation

A big chunk of who and what we are comes from how we were raised by our parents or family. Whatever words, images and action we saw when we were growing up, we swallowed that up into our system. It is up to us – up to now – how we will take them.

In front of us is the future and if we want to take control of our lives, we have to take the good things we learned and unlearn those that are not helping. In the mean time, we can still change that by using personal affirmations to motivate us.

Self-affirmations are positive statements that describe a desired situation, repeated many times to influence the sub-conscious to take positive action. By doing so, we ingrain in our systems a different attitude to help us keep going in spite of difficulties. In Expert Enough, here’s one example: I am capable of achieving my goal!

5. Project self-confidence

If you can’t make it, fake it. This adage sounds silly but it is seriously true. Not that you have to fake it and pretend for the sake of itself. Self-confidence is like the chicken and egg thing. You can’t have self-confidence if you don’t try it. But where are you going to get confidence if you don’t have it? That’s where self-intervention comes.

You can copy confidence from your favorite drama series characters, movies or real-world bosses and success models. I like to look up to those team leaders in law and crime dramas. They tell me how to project assertiveness and confidence. Key things to remember: Practice what you have to say (until it becomes easy for you to be more spontaneous). Watch your body language and posture. Reduce tension inside by doing breathing exercises.

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6. Create your environment of trust and support

It’s easier to project self-confidence if you have family and friends very supportive to you. They will be your first line of offense when making that confident move. When you get to the actual battlefield where you need to show off your confidence, make new friends and contacts. Start conversations to ease out the tension in the room. Get to know people in the places where you find your self-esteem challenged.

When you start establishing rapport, barriers fall down. Then your trust joins the environment and there you will find a bunch of people throwing their support at you.

7. Increase your social exposure

Practice, practice, practice. There is no other way the best artists and leaders succeed other than practice. So goes for self-esteem and confidence. Set the tone for yourself and get used to it. Not to say you do not try even if you are already there in the real world. But chances are you will end up with this cycle of what-ifs asking yourself just because you are afraid to try.

Mingle in clubs and organizations to get you used to talking to people, reach out to those in need, socialize in parties, get to know people, make personal and business conversations, etc. You can join a Toastmasters in your area if you want to take your public speaking and leadership skills to the next level. You can join a local sports club just to mix and balance physical health with “social” health. You can join a business club or organization to help you meet more business contacts and in the process you sharpen your skills in talking biz.

8. Reach out to people who are in need and pay it forward

Now you ask, “Is this important in improving self-confidence?” Often times, people with low self-esteem seem to find it easier to talk to those who are underprivileged or those in need. This is because it is when they are able to express themselves with more ease and have less fear about having to meet high expectations from achievers.

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But more importantly, reaching out to others makes you stop thinking about yourself and instead, think of what you can do to help others, find a meaningful purpose or contribution and lead you to be more inspired to improve self for others. In relation to #7, expose yourself to people-oriented activities such as joining clubs or organizations where you not only sharpen specific skills or get used to talking but also being able to offer your own skills to service.

Time to make a step forward

Which of the tips on the list above is what you are most comfortable with? Take action! Pick one tip per week and see how you can develop the habit of pushing yourself to improve your self-confidence and self-esteem.

Nowadays, the best way to make a call to action effective is to get those around you to feel the real deal and see how it will affect them. My challenge for you is to pick up three to four projects mentioned above and commit to doing it. Send me an email about your commitment and be accountable for it. Be one of those brave souls who took responsibility.

Featured photo credit: William Warby via

7 Most Effective Self-Esteem Tools and Activities

Your level of self-esteem has to do with how worthwhile you feel.

It’s different from self-confidence, which has more to do with your ability to do something successfully.

Low self-esteem can keep you from enjoying your life. It can also keep you from socializing and maintaining friendships.

Self-esteem is one of those intrinsic qualities that develop slowly over time. Those with low self-esteem might lack certain social skills, lack assertiveness, or even walk into a room with their shoulders slumped. Body language can sometimes be an indicator of how much self-esteem a person genuinely has.

Those who walk into a room with a big smile and a confident, humble demeanor radiate confidence. These are qualities of someone with high self-esteem.

In this article, we will explore what self-esteem is, its origins and roots, as well as some helpful tools and worksheets.

Before you continue, we thought you might like to download our three Self-Compassion Exercises for free. These detailed, science-based exercises will not only help you increase the compassion and kindness you show yourself but will also give you the tools to help your clients, students, or employees show more compassion to themselves.

This Article Contains:

  • What Is Self-Esteem Theory?
  • How Can Therapy Be Used to Build Self-Esteem?
  • A Look at Self-Esteem Interventions
  • 8 Examples of Self-Esteem Issues
  • Common Questions on the Topic
  • 8 Skills and Techniques to Add to Your Arsenal
  • How We Can Build Self-Esteem in Kids
  • A Self-Esteem Building Activity and Exercise
  • Useful Self-Esteem Tool (incl. PDF)
  • An Assessment and Questionnaire
  • A Take-Home Message
  • References

What Is Self-Esteem Theory?

Everyone wants to have high self-esteem, but it is a very complex concept. Self-esteem has to do with your ideas about yourself. Those with low self-esteem often have a more negative view of themselves and their abilities. Certain events in life can also cause your self-esteem to plummet.

Many things, including your upbringing, influence your self-esteem. It is based on how much you value yourself and how confident you feel in your mind. Self-confidence is more about having confidence in your ability to do something successfully.

In a nutshell, self-esteem is all about feeling worthy and having a high opinion of yourself. It influences everything in your life.

William James is thought of as the creator of the self-esteem movement (Hewitt, 2005).

James used a straightforward formula for defining self-esteem:

Self-esteem equals success divided by our pretensions

Pretensions refer to our goals, values, and those things we believe about our potential. If our level of success exceeds our expectations, then we might view ourselves as successful and feel good about ourselves, which raises our self-esteem.

On the other hand, if our achievements are low and our expectations are high, then we may see ourselves as a failure.

Stanley Coopersmith was also a leader in the study of self-esteem. He believed that self-esteem begins early in life in childhood.

Coopersmith also believed that our self-esteem builds up or declines throughout our lives, based on our early childhood experiences, which may be positive or negative.

Morris Rosenberg, a contemporary of Coopersmith, studied the development of self-esteem, focusing on the adolescent years.

Rosenberg believed that self-esteem tended to develop more in the adolescent years, which are uncertain for many. His theory of self-esteem was based upon the idea that during adolescence, we often compare ourselves to others, which causes us to continually evaluate and re-evaluate how others see us and think about us.

Contemporary theories are based on the role self-esteem plays in our lives and our psychological wellbeing.

How Can Therapy Be Used to Build Self-Esteem?

Self-esteem typically refers to how we think about ourselves.

In essence, it is an aggregate of thoughts as we examine how confident we are.

Those who have low levels of self-esteem often engage in excessive self-criticism. This can result in other psychological disorders such as depression and anxiety.

Therapy, like Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT), can be an effective treatment for some. CBT is a brief, problem-focused therapy that targets the problems that are occurring in the present moment, as opposed to focusing on the past or childhood memories (Cognitive Behavioral Therapy Los Angeles, n.d.).

CBT is one of the most researched treatment modalities when it comes to helping build self-esteem.

A Look at Self-Esteem Interventions

Dialectical Behavior Therapy, created by Marsha Linehan, can also be very effective for helping to build self-esteem. The FAST acronym (Linehan, 1993) is a useful approach for steps you can take to make daily choices to build your self-esteem. Each of us has many choices throughout the day that we can make to build our self-esteem.

Making healthy choices requires awareness of our actions, followed by making conscious and intentional choices (Optimum Performance Institute, n.d.).

FAST Acronym

F – Be fair to yourself as well as other people. It’s important to learn that your needs are just as important as someone else’s. This is also about being assertive and learning to speak your truth.
A – No apologies. Don’t be overly apologetic. Don’t apologize for having an opinion or disagreeing with others.
S – Stick to your values and don’t compromise or abandon your values trying to please others or conform.
T – Be truthful and don’t make excuses. Be honest and don’t exaggerate or tell little white lies.

Therapies like CBT and Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing can be useful for treating low self-esteem in patients with a wide range of psychiatric disorders in secondary mental healthcare (Griffioen, van der Vegt, de Groot, & de Jongh, 2017).

This particular study examined patients already diagnosed with an Axis I or II disorder, and patients who had low self-esteem.

8 Examples of Self-Esteem Issues

There are, of course, many issues that are related to self-esteem.

Those with low self-esteem often see themselves as failures, and they might also feel sad, angry, or worthless.

According to Webber (2019), low self-esteem can affect everything in your life, from your relationships to your career.

Some common examples of low self-esteem might include:

  1. Hating yourself or feeling angry or frustrated about who you are
  2. Being obsessed with being perfect
  3. Hating your body
  4. Feeling worthless
  5. Being overly sensitive
  6. Feeling anxious and fearful
  7. Constantly feeling angry
  8. Trying to be a people pleaser

Those who hate themselves or loathe themselves often feel angry or frustrated about who they are. Self-hate means you have difficulty forgiving yourself for even the smallest things.

To silence that inner critic, you have to start replacing negative thoughts with positive ones. You also have to practice forgiveness and challenge those negative self-beliefs.

Being obsessed with being perfect can also rob you of self-esteem. For those who continuously try to be perfect, it’s essential to set realistic expectations and recognize that failure is something that happens on occasion. It’s not something we are.

Hating your body is another common sign of low self-esteem. Those who hate their bodies constantly compare themselves to others and have a negative body image. This can even keep someone from living a healthy lifestyle. To combat this, it’s crucial to stop the comparison and realize that you and your body are unique.

Those with low self-esteem might also think they bring nothing to life. They may not see themselves as valuable. Taking the time to focus on your talents and abilities can go a long way toward boosting your self-esteem.

Feeling overly sensitive is another common sign of low self-esteem. Learning to desensitize is essential for someone experiencing this. By standing up for yourself and being proactive, it is possible to calm this tendency.

Feeling anxious and fearful or constantly feeling angry are other common traits of low self-esteem. Challenging your anxieties and fears with facts can help combat this.

Try drawing up a fear pyramid by placing your biggest fear or anxiety at the top and your smallest one at the bottom. As you examine this pyramid, you can work your way up, taking on each fear or anxiety as you go.

Being a people pleaser is certainly not conducive to having high self-esteem either. Learning how to say no and taking the time to understand that people like you and love you for who you are can help override this tendency. It’s also important to set limits so that you don’t get taken advantage of by others.

Common Questions on the Topic

One of the most common questions about self-esteem is “How can you tell the difference between self-confidence and self-esteem?

Self-confidence is about having confidence in your ability to do something. Being self-confident means trusting in yourself and your abilities. Someone who is self-confident can rise to the challenge and seize new opportunities. For example, you can feel confident about your work or your ability as a chef, but still lack self-esteem.

Self-esteem, as we have seen, has to do with your emotional appraisal of your own worth. This feeling can develop over a lifetime, causing a multitude of problems, from bad relationships to feeling belittled by people.

Another common question is “What influences self-esteem?”

There may be many reasons for low self-esteem:

  • Age
  • Body type
  • Gender
  • Mental health status
  • Race and ethnicity
  • Sexual orientation

Research reveals that self-esteem tends to increase from adolescence to middle age. However, it starts to decline again around the age of 60, which may have to do with physical health or financial concerns

Women tend to report lower levels of self-esteem than men, a trend more prevalent in Western cultures.

According to a 2012 study, humor, community involvement, and positive in-group stereotyping were linked to higher levels of self-esteem (Ilic et al., 2012).

Children who are obese or overweight frequently experience bullying and lower levels of self-esteem as well (Danielsen et al., 2012).

Among adolescent students, Asian-Americans tend to have the lowest self-esteem, followed by Hispanics and then whites. African-American students had the highest self-esteem (Bachman, O’Malley, Freedman-Doan, Trzesniewski, & Donnellan, 2011).

Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and/or transgender adolescents also tend to have lower self-esteem brought on by bullying (Russell, Ryan, Toomey, Diaz, & Sanchez, 2011).

8 Skills and Techniques to Add to Your Arsenal

According to Glen R. Schiraldi (2016), author of The Self-Esteem Workbook, there are some simple steps you can take to help build your self-esteem:

  1. Practice mindfulness
  2. Change your story
  3. Don’t compare yourself to others
  4. Channel that inner rock star
  5. Move your body more
  6. Volunteer
  7. Practice forgiveness
  8. Realize that you are not your circumstances

These may be simple things, but they can be powerful. Being mindful, for example, can help you learn to live in the present moment and not get caught up in worrying about the future or obsessing about the past. Mindfulness also enables you to stop negative self-talk by helping you be more aware.

You can also change your story and start thinking differently. You don’t have to carry the same old sad story around. Taking the time to examine your story can help you understand it and move beyond it.

Comparing yourself to others is a recipe for disaster. Comparisons only lead to feeling worse about yourself. When you stop comparing yourself, you begin to realize you are unique.

When all else fails, you can channel your inner rock star. Everyone has a strength or talent. No one is good at everything, so taking the time to find your natural talent can help you feel better about yourself.

Exercising can also help you feel better about yourself with the release of your body’s natural endorphins. You might be surprised at how good you feel after a brisk walk.

Doing things like volunteering and practicing forgiveness can also be helpful. Helping others and taking the time to forgive yourself can go a long way to boosting your self-esteem.

Last but certainly not least, it’s important to remember that you are not your circumstances. This too, shall pass.

How We Can Build Self-Esteem in Kids

It’s important to help our children build self-esteem because having healthy self-esteem in your childhood can help you become a more confident adult.

When children feel good about themselves, it paves the way for the future. Children who have low self-esteem may even perform below their full potential in school and make poor decisions (Kids Play and Create, n.d.).

There are many things you can do to help build up a child’s self-esteem:

  1. Be attentive.
  2. Make them feel special.
  3. Help them learn from their mistakes.
  4. Be a positive role model.
  5. Try to understand where they are coming from.

Doing simple things like these can go a long way toward boosting a child’s self-esteem. For example, being attentive can be as simple as making eye contact when your child talks to you or simply paying attention and listening attentively. The best thing you can do to help your child feel special is to make sure that what they have to say is important to you.

Praising a child can also help them feel better about themselves. You can praise them when they do a good job or praise them for completing a small task. When you take the time to compliment or honor a child’s effort, it can go a long way to making then feel special.

We all need to learn from our mistakes continually. Try to help your child turn mistakes into learning events. Focus on what they can take away and what they can do better next time. You can even tell them a story about someone famous who made mistakes like Thomas Edison, who failed over and over again in the process of inventing the lightbulb.

One of the best things you can do as an adult is to be a positive role model. Children learn from adults. If you are always putting yourself down, you are not going to be a positive role model because children copy adults’ actions.

Taking the time to tune into a child’s feelings when things aren’t going so well can help your child more than you might imagine.

Have a look at these Self-Esteem Books for informative material to help you increase kids’ self-esteem.

A Self-Esteem Building Activity and Exercise

The following list of questions works great as self-esteem building exercises.

15 Questions to help you feel confident now

According to Emily Roberts (2016), there are some questions you can ask yourself to help boost your self-esteem and help you feel confident now.

You can answer these questions quickly or take more time to ponder. The more time you spend thinking about yourself in this manner, the better you will feel. Sometimes we don’t stop to think about those things we already have that define us.

  1. What are some things you can do to strengthen or balance your emotions? What can you stop doing?
  2. How would you feel three months from now if you stuck to your goal? How would your life be different?
  3. What is one small thing you can do this week that will help you feel more in control of your life?
  4. What are some things you are passionate about? What kinds of things excite, motivate, or interest you? What can you do to feed these passions daily or weekly?
  5. Think of some times when you felt motivated and confident. What were you doing? Who were you with? Where were you?
  6. What kinds of things can you do to start developing a stronger relationship with yourself? What kinds of things do you feel you need to overcome so that you can get closer to self-acceptance and confidence?
  7. Do you have relationship problems with your family, friends, or coworkers? What are your options to overcome them?
  8. What kinds of activities excite you? Which ones make you feel happy? How can you integrate more joyful and exciting activities into the next couple of days?
  9. What habits, if any, do you need to change in order to improve your happiness and confidence this year? What is one habit that you can start to work on in the next couple of days? What would it feel like to do this every day?
  10. What can you start doing, or stop doing, to deepen your relationships with friends and loved ones?
  11. Who are the people in your life who are supportive and will help you nurture your dreams and goals? How can you spend more time with them?
  12. What stands between you and feeling happy? What steps can you take to bridge the gap?
  13. In terms of money and finances, what kinds of changes could you make to feel more confident financially?
  14. How can you reduce your expenses this month? How would this make you feel about yourself?
  15. What would it feel like if you stuck to one healthy habit for the next few months? How could that improve your life?

Don’t get stressed if you can’t answer all of the questions. Just complete the ones you feel comfortable answering and revisit the list later. The more you work on these, the more confident you will feel.

Useful Self-Esteem Tool (incl. PDF)

One useful worksheet that may help examine self-esteem issues is the About Me Worksheet.

This worksheet helps children learn to focus on and explore their positive traits and accomplishments, as opposed to always focusing on the negative things.

As a result of focusing on the good things, children can build a foundation to help them gain the confidence they need to face their problems and implement new skills.

You can do this activity along with your child to help nudge them in the right direction.

An Assessment and Questionnaire

A simple quiz that you can do for self-esteem involves asking ten simple questions (Mirror Mirror, n.d.).

This self-esteem quiz is not meant to diagnose any psychological disorder but is good for gauging how someone feels about themselves. If you score on the low end, that might mean you need to practice more self-love or self-compassion.

Answer the following questions with “most of the time,” “some of the time,” or “almost never.”

  1. My feelings get easily hurt.
  2. I get upset if someone criticizes me, even if they mean well and offer constructive criticism.
  3. I get angry at myself if I make a small mistake, even if it is an honest one.
  4. I typically ask other people what they think I should do, instead of making my own decisions.
  5. I typically go along with the group, even if I don’t necessarily agree.
  6. I am uncomfortable when accepting compliments.
  7. I don’t feel like I measure up or feel good enough.
  8. It’s common for me to self-criticize or say negative things about myself, like telling myself I am stupid, fat, or just no good.
  9. When I look in the mirror, I don’t like what I see and don’t feel attractive.
  10. I find myself apologizing for things all of the time, even for things that aren’t my fault.

If you answered “almost never” for most of the questions, you have a healthy self-esteem. Everyone has times when they feel down, but as long as you don’t feel like that every day, you will be fine.

If you answered “most of the time” to many of the questions, you may need to take some additional steps to boost your self-esteem. This doesn’t necessarily mean you are depressed; it just means you may be a little too hard on yourself.

If you answered “some of the time” to many of the questions, you could still benefit from practicing a little self-compassion and self-love.

A Take-Home Message

Everyone suffers from low self-esteem every once in a while. Most people bounce back eventually. Each of us is born with infinite potential and equal worth as human beings. With a little self-compassion and self-love, there are no limits to what we can achieve.

Taking the time to understand the tools that are out there can help you boost your self-esteem when you feel down. Simply taking the time to recognize these times can help you move forward and feel better.

We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our three Self Compassion Exercises for free.

  • Bachman, J. G., O’Malley, P. M., Freedman-Doan, P., Trzesniewski, K. H., & Donnellan, M. B. (2011). Adolescent self-esteem: Differences by race/ethnicity, gender, and age. Self and Identity, 10(4), 445–473.
  • Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy Los Angeles. (n.d.). Build self-esteem. Retrieved from
  • Danielsen, Y. S., Stormark, K. M., Nordhus, I. H., Mæhle, M., Sand, L., Ekornås, B., & Pallesen, S. (2012). Factors associated with low self-esteem in children with overweight. Obesity Facts, 5(5), 722–733.
  • Griffioen, B. T., van der Vegt, A. A., de Groot, I. W., & de Jongh, A. (2017). The effect of EMDR and CBT on low self-esteem in a general psychiatric population: A randomized controlled trial. Frontiers in Psychology, 8, 1910.
  • Hewitt, J. P. (2005). The social construction of self-esteem. In C. R. Snyder & S. J. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology (pp. 135–148). Oxford University.
  • Ilic, M., Reinecke, J., Bohner, G., Hans-Onno, R., Beblo, T., Driessen, M., … Corrigan, P. W. (2012). Protecting self-esteem from stigma: A test of different strategies for coping with the stigma of mental illness. International Journal of Social Psychiatry, 58(3), 246–257.
  • Kids Play and Create. (n.d.). Self-esteem and character building activities for kids. Retrieved from
  • Linehan, M. (1993). Skills training manual for treating borderline personality disorder. Guilford Press.
  • Mirror Mirror. (n.d.). Quiz for self-esteem. Retrieved from
  • Optimum Performance Institute. (n.d.). Use Dialectical Behavior Therapy (DBT) FAST skills to balance keeping relationships with keeping respect for yourself. Retrieved from
  • Roberts, E. (2016, January 15). Feel confident now: Ask yourself these 15 questions. Healthy Place. Retrieved from
  • Russell, S. T., Ryan, C., Toomey, R. B., Diaz, R. M., & Sanchez, J. (2011). Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender adolescent school victimization: Implications for young adult health and adjustment. Journal of School Health, 81(5), 223–230.
  • Schiraldi, G. R. (2016). The self-esteem workbook. New Harbinger.
  • Webber, C. (2019, September 18). 8 ways to overcome low self-esteem. NetDoctor. Retrieved from

Research project "The influence of self-esteem of students (10-12 years) on academic success" • Science and education ONLINE

Author: Goryunova Elizaveta Sergeevna

Place of work/study (affiliation): Secondary School No. 17, Lipetsk, Grade 11

Supervisor: Tolmacheva Natalia Nikolaevna

Relationships of a person with others, his criticality, exactingness towards himself, attitude to successes and failures depend on self-esteem.

The problem of self-esteem has always attracted the attention of both domestic and foreign psychologists, in domestic psychology it is represented in the works of L.S. Vygotsky, B.G. Ananyeva, L.I. Bozhovich, M.N. Skatkina, A.I. Lipkina, M.I. Lisina, V.V. Stolin, E.V. Shorokhova, in foreign - R. Burns, W. James, C. Cooley, A. Maslow, K. Rogers, E. Erickson and others. The educational works describe in detail the ontogenesis of self-esteem, its structure, functions, possibilities and patterns of formation in a particular age period.

What is the self-assessment of students on the basis of MAOU secondary school No. 17 in Lipetsk?

Problem: Does student self-assessment affect learning success?

Goal of the project: to determine the relationship between student self-assessment and the success of students in MAOU secondary school No. 17 in Lipetsk.

Research object : environment and conditions that affect the self-esteem and psychology of the younger generation in today's society.

Subject of the study: self-assessment of a schoolchild in the MAOU secondary school No. 17 in Lipetsk at the age of 10-12 years.


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Article "Study of the influence of food addiction on mental health"

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Individual project "Vision of music through the drawing"

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I listen to music very often, but I also draw to it. Also, we illustrate the heard music in music lessons with drawings. Interested in how music affects the imagination, reflecting artistic images in drawings, I began to study literature ...

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IRIIS: how to conduct a self-assessment of the project better. If you have any difficulties in working with the platform, call +7 (967) 001-07-04


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IRIIS: how to conduct a self-assessment of a project


The IRIIS infrastructure project quality assessment and certification system was developed in 2020 by the state development corporation VEB.RF together with the National PPP Center with the support of the Ministry of Finance of the Russian Federation.

The introduction of the IRIIS system provides an effective mechanism for selecting and monitoring project implementation, improves the quality of planning and preparation, guarantees a comprehensive assessment and risk management, prevents cost overruns for the construction and operation of facilities and increases the profitability of infrastructure projects.

You can learn more about the methodology from the document below.

IRIIS Method

Format: pdf 14.0 MB

Stages of self-assessment

Conducting a project self-assessment according to the IRIIS methodology consists of several stages.

For new projects:

  1. Registration of the initiator on the ROSINFRA platform
  2. Creation of the project in the project office and launch of the assessment
  3. Adding members of the project self-assessment team
  4. Self-assessment of the project confirmation according to the IRIIS method 909091
  5. Sending the project for verification of the result
  6. For projects from the digital project office:

    1. Starting the project self-assessment according to the IRIIS method
    2. Adding project self-assessment team members
    3. Project self-assessment according to the IRIIS method
    4. Submitting the project for verification to confirm the result

    Next, we will describe each of the stages.


    Detailed instructions on how to register on the platform are available here.


    To create a project for self-assessment, open the IRIIS Assessment tab in your account.

    To start creating a project questionnaire, click Start Evaluation. Then click "Create Project" in the dialog box.

    In the Create Project window that opens, fill in the required fields and click Create and Open.

    This will automatically create an IRIIS Score.

    You can find all IRIIS scores for this project in the “IRIIS score” tab in the project profile.

    ℹ️ A project can only be evaluated once at each stage.

    Self-assessment of the project according to the IRIIS method does not require filling out the project passport in detail.

    At the same time, more detailed information about the project will help the self-assessment team and verifiers better understand and systematize the project, and will also contribute to better implementation and improvement of project, financial and economic metrics.

    We recommend that you familiarize yourself with the peculiarities of working with PPP projects and projects in the field of Education.

    Self-assessment of already created projects (relevant for projects of the Digital Project Office)

    If you created a project through the Digital Project Office using the "Create School" or "Create Project" constructors, you can also start self-assessment using the IRIIS method in it.

    Open a project and go to the IRIIS Assessment tab.

    To carry out an assessment, you must click on "Start assessment".

    This will automatically create an IRIIS Score.

    ℹ️ Only the author and co-authors of the project have access to create an IRIIS assessment in a project.


    It is recommended that you begin your IRIIS assessment by creating a project self-assessment team.

    The IRIIS online module provides two options for adding project self-assessment participants. The first option is available immediately after creating and opening an IRIIS assessment, when a window automatically appears from which you can get to the assessment team management section.

    The second option is available through the team management section, which can be found on the main page of the IRIIS assessment under the "Team" tab.

    ℹ️ Only the author and co-authors of the project have access to editing the project team.

    The first member of the project team is the creator of the IRIIS assessment in this project. To add other project participants, click on "Add participants".

    In the window that opens, you can select members of the self-assessment team. If there are no members in your project, click on "Add a team member to the project" to go to the "Team" section.

    To learn how to add members to a project team, see the instructions.

    ℹ️ Before the next step, it is recommended to add all potential participants to the project team at once if the project has been recently created and its team has not been formed.

    Once all project members have been added to the project team, return to the IRIIS Assessment tab and select the Team tab. When you click on "Add members", a modal window will open with the already added members of the project team. To make a specific user a team member, click on the line with the member's name in the list.

    The Selected Users heading will display the users selected to be added to the Self-Assessment Team, and the remaining team members under the Team Members heading. In this window, you can select all the required team members to be assigned as members of the IRIIS project self-assessment team.

    Each selected member must be granted access by clicking on the "Roles and Permissions" button. If at least one selected member is not granted access, you will not be able to save changes and add members to the team.

    In the Grant Access window, select all aspects that the user should have access to as part of the project self-assessment. After selecting aspects, click "Save".

    Once access has been granted to all the members you wish to add to the Self-Assessment Team, click Save in the Add Assessment Team modal and the participants will appear in the IRIIS Project Self-Assessment Team.

    Self-assessment team members can be managed: edit access or remove a member from the self-assessment team.


    After creating the estimate and adding the project team, start the IRIIS project self-assessment.

    Passing a self-assessment involves completing assessment elements that are nested within each other. The hierarchy of assessment elements is as follows:

    1. Aspect. For example, "Economics and Management".
    2. Aspect criterion. Each aspect includes 7 to 12 criteria to be evaluated. For example, the criterion "ES-1: Implementation of the principles of high-quality infrastructure investments and sustainable development goals" in the aspect "Economics and management".
    3. Criteria indicator. Each criterion consists of indicators. For example, is the indicator " A" in the "EU-1" criterion.
    4. Metric requirement. All key figures contain a specific set of requirements. For example, requirement "A.1" in indicator "A".
    5. Sub-requirement. Occurs in some indicators. For example, in criterion "ES-1" there is a requirement "A.1", which in turn contains a sub-requirement "A.1.1".

    ℹ️ The purpose of self-assessment is to prove the fulfillment of each of the requirements and sub-requirements.

    Familiarize yourself with the criterion and fulfill the requirement

    To access the self-assessment, open the main page of the assessment with the list of aspects, expand the list of criteria in the aspect by clicking on the aspect, and open the criterion by clicking on the criterion row.

    For a detailed description of all evaluation elements in a criterion, click the Criteria Description tab on the criterion page.

    To conduct a self-assessment, on the criterion page in the "Main" tab, expand the list of requirements by clicking on the indicator line. Then, to add evidence of the requirement, click "Fill".

    To confirm the fulfillment of the requirement of the IRIIS methodology, you must click "Fill" and add evidence and comments to the requirement. To do this, in the request modal window that appears, place a comment and a link to supporting documents, or upload supporting documents by clicking on "Attach documents".

    Click Add to save the comment confirming that the requirement was met. Now you need to turn on the switch in the upper right corner of the modal window or in the requirement line on the criterion page to "Completed".

    ℹ️ A requirement can only be fulfilled if there is at least one comment.

    Complex requirements

    In some criteria there are requirements with a more flexible filling system (complex requirements). In them, you need not only to enter a comment and add proof, but also choose the level that, in your opinion, the project can claim. Example - B.1 in QOL-3. If a compliance level is not selected in such a requirement, but a comment is added and the requirement is met, the project is automatically assigned the first compliance level.

    Required metrics

    There are mandatory metrics in the IRIIS Assessment Elements list, without which the assessment is not considered valid. Criteria that contain mandatory indicators are marked with an exclamation point in the list of criteria on the main assessment page. Required metrics on the criteria page are also marked with an exclamation point.

    If a criterion does not contain mandatory indicators, and you believe that it is not applicable to the project, then you can report its inapplicability.

    To declare the criterion inapplicability, you must click "Fill" and justify the criterion inapplicability by adding a comment and attaching supporting documents in the modal window. After that, you need to turn on the inapplicability switch on the criteria page. This will make the criteria indicators optional.

    Compliance levels

    The IRIIS assessment provides for the levels of compliance of the project with the criterion. Levels contain criteria indicators. If all the indicators at the current level are met, the indicators at the next level are opened for execution.

    Exception - EU-2 criterion. In this criterion, indicators at levels 1-4 are immediately open for filling, and level 5 opens if indicators at levels 3 or 4 are filled.

    IRIIS assessment percentage completed

    There is a block with statuses on the assessment main page, one of which is percentage completion. This metric measures the extent to which the Infrastructure Project Self-Assessment team has completed the IRIIS questionnaire compared to the minimum level of completion at which the assessment can be considered valid.

    To complete the assessment by 100%, it is enough to fulfill the following parameters in the assessment:

    • all mandatory indicators;
    • at least one metric, or enable the not applicable check box in criteria that do not contain mandatory metrics.


    When the questionnaire is 100% completed, you will have the opportunity to send the assessment for verification. To do this, submit a verification request to the IRIIS team by clicking on the “Submit for Verification” button above the status block.

    ❗️ Before submitting, carefully check the completion of all the requirements of your self-assessment. The IRIIS team accepts only questionnaires with valid data.

    Thank you for your interest in assessing infrastructure projects under the IRIIS system!

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