Roots of mindfulness
The History and Origins Mindfulness
Here at PositivePsychology.com, we have been discussing several different aspects of mindfulness.
We explored various ways to learn about mindfulness, practice it, and even study the art of teaching mindfulness to others.
But where did mindfulness come from? And why have so many people in the West recently become so interested in it?
There is no easy answer to this question, but one solution is to trace the lineage of mindfulness from early Eastern religions to its modern, secular presence in Western science.
This article will cover the history of mindfulness; its roots in Hinduism and Buddhism, how it relates to yoga, and how it came to be popular in the Western world. Finally, we will discuss the most relevant aspect of mindfulness for our purposes—how it fits into the field of positive psychology.
Before you read on, we thought you might like to download our 3 Mindfulness Exercises for free. These science-based, comprehensive exercises will not only help you cultivate a sense of inner peace throughout your daily life but will also give you the tools to enhance the mindfulness of your clients, students, or employees.
This Article Contains:
- The History of Mindfulness
- A Brief History of Hinduism
- A Short History of Buddhism
- How Mindfulness Relates to Yoga
- How Mindfulness Moved From East to West
- Mindfulness’ Role in (Positive) Psychology
- Mindfulness Practice and Philosophy
- A Take-Home Message
The History of Mindfulness
Mindfulness is a practice involved in various religious and secular traditions—from Hinduism and Buddhism to yoga and, more recently, non-religious meditation. People have been practicing mindfulness for thousands of years, whether on its own or as part of a larger tradition.
In general, mindfulness was popularized in the East by religious and spiritual institutions, while in the West its popularity can be traced to particular people and secular institutions. Of course, even the secular tradition of mindfulness in the West owes its roots to Eastern religions and traditions.
It is important to include that some commentators argue that the history of mindfulness should not be reduced to Buddhism and Hinduism, as mindfulness also has roots in Judaism, Christianity, and Islam
(Trousselard et al., 2014).
That said, most modern Western practitioners and teachers of mindfulness learned about mindfulness in the Buddhist and Hindu tradition, so this article will focus on mindfulness from a Buddhist and Hindu perspective.
This should not be taken as a denial of mindfulness’ roots in the other religions, and interested readers are encouraged to seek out information about mindfulness as it pertains to these other religions. One possible starting point comes from Leisa Aitken, a clinical psychologist and practicing Christian—though this is just one of many options.
A Brief History of Hinduism
Hinduism is widely considered to be the oldest extant religion in the world, but it is hard to trace its history.
This is because it initially arose as a synthesis of many religious traditions around the historical region that now makes up India.
In other words, Hinduism has no single founder and no concrete starting point.
In fact, the religious tradition was not even called Hinduism or considered a singular entity until British writers started calling Vedic traditions “Hinduism” in the 1800s.
The earliest traditions, which have since been incorporated into Hinduism, arose more than 4,000 years ago in the Indus Valley— now Pakistan.
These religious traditions continued to develop in Vedic writings 2,500-3,500 years ago. These writings included rituals and the worship of the gods common to modern-day Hinduism.
About 1,500-2,500 years ago, additional texts were composed which are involved in present-day Hinduism, including texts introducing the concepts of dharma and temple worship.
A few hundred years ago, Hinduism experienced some competition in India with the rise of Islam, but 19th-century reformers revitalized Hinduism and helped tie it to the national identity of India.
This proved to be successful because middle-class Indians started identifying with Hinduism around the mid-19th century (Hatcher, 2007). This connection was then solidified about a hundred years later with the Indian independence movement.
Mindfulness has been intertwined with Hinduism for millennia. From the Bhagavad Gita’s discussions of yoga to Vedic meditation, the history of Hinduism reads in part like a history of mindfulness. Of course, it is only a partial history—another crucial player in the history of mindfulness is Buddhism and it should be noted that even Buddhism owes a great debt to Hinduism.
A Short History of Buddhism
Compared to Hinduism, Buddhism’s history is much more well-defined.
Buddhism was founded around 400-500 B.C.E. by Siddhartha Gautama, who became referred to as the Buddha.
Gautama is thought to have been born and raised around modern-day India and Nepal. Based on where and when Gautama was raised, it is thought that Hinduism informed his upbringing.
Buddhism and Hinduism share many commonalities—they both arose in the same region and are greatly concerned with the concept of dharma. A concept that is very difficult to define or translate, but includes a way of life that is in harmony with the natural order of the universe.
Despite the shared presence of dharma in both of these philosophies/religions, Buddhism is not a subsect of Hinduism because Buddhism does not concern itself with the sacred writings of the Veda (Hacker & Davis, Jr., 2006).
In general, Buddhism is a religion (blurred with philosophy, like many religions) that aims to show its followers the path to enlightenment. Since the Buddha’s lifetime, it has split into several different traditions—including Theravada Buddhism and Zen Buddhism.
Today, Buddhism is most often thought of by non-practitioners in the terms of Tibetan Buddhism and the Dalai Lama, an individual who is thought to be an enlightened teacher of Tibetan Buddhism.
Mindfulness may be even more involved in Buddhism than it is in Hinduism, as mindfulness (Sati) is considered to be the first step towards enlightenment. In fact, some sources even consider the English word “mindfulness” to be a simple translation of the Buddhist concept of Sati.
The fact that mindfulness is such a crucial aspect of Buddhism, combined with the fact that many Western influences in mindfulness studied under Buddhist teachers, shows that Western mindfulness is largely indebted to Buddhism.
How Mindfulness Relates to Yoga
There is a lot of overlap between mindfulness and yoga, both historically and presently. Many yoga practices incorporate mindfulness and some mindfulness meditation practices, such as the body scan, are very similar to yoga as they both involve awareness of one’s body.
One study examined this idea by measuring mindfulness in people who practice yoga (Gaiswinkler & Unterrainer, 2016).
The researchers found that people who practice yoga regularly had higher levels of mindfulness than people who were only slightly involved with yoga or who were not involved in yoga practice.
This indicates that yoga is positively correlated with levels of mindfulness and that some forms of yoga and some forms of mindfulness are striving for the same goals.
Interestingly enough, while the origins of yoga coincide with the origins of Hinduism, so does the recent rise of yoga’s popularity in the West coincide with the rise of mindfulness. This underscores the intertwined nature of Buddhism, Hinduism, mindfulness, and yoga.
But how exactly did all of these ideas, particularly mindfulness, gain so much popularity in the West?
How Mindfulness Moved From East to West
Perhaps the biggest influence on bringing mindfulness from the East to the West, at least recently, was Jon Kabat-Zinn.
Kabat-Zinn founded the Center for Mindfulness at the University of Massachusetts Medical School and the Oasis Institute for Mindfulness-Based Professional Education and Training.
This is where Kabat-Zinn developed his Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) program, an eight-week program aimed at reducing stress.
Kabat-Zinn learned about and studied mindfulness under several Buddhist teachers, including Thich Nhat Hanh (an influential and popular figure in Western mindfulness himself). This gave him an Eastern foundation in mindfulness that he integrated with Western science to develop MBSR.
This integration with Western science was a crucial aspect in helping mindfulness gain widespread popularity in the West.
MBSR served as an inspiration for another mindfulness-based therapy program, Mindfulness-Based Cognitive Therapy (MBCT). This therapy is aimed at treating Major Depressive Disorder.
This and other integrations of science and mindfulness helped popularize mindfulness in the West, particularly for audiences accustomed to Western science and unfamiliar with Eastern practices.
One reason that it took a Westerner to adapt and popularize Eastern traditions for a Western audience is the different worldviews prevalent in each hemisphere. A discussion of some of these differences (such as individual versus institutional thinking, and cyclical versus linear thinking) can be found in a TED talk from Devdutt Pattanaik.
Aside from academic science, Jack Kornfield, Sharon Salzberg, and Joseph Goldstein also played a crucial role in bringing mindfulness to the West when they founded the Insight Meditation Society (IMS) in 1975.
The IMS helped introduce mindfulness meditation to the West, and the combination of mindfulness meditation and MBSR helped popularize mindfulness in the West within both clinical and non-clinical populations. Of course, the IMS is just one of many organizations that have helped popularize mindfulness meditation in the West, and in the United States in particular.
Mindfulness’ Role in (Positive) Psychology
Mindfulness plays an important role in both the greater field of psychology and positive psychology specifically.
MBSR and MBCT have become accepted tools for psychologists to treat a variety of patients.
Mindfulness meditation has become a useful tool in positive psychology for anyone looking to increase their levels of wellbeing and MBSR has also become popular in non-clinical populations.
Western science has evolved to the point where it can evaluate the effectiveness of practicing mindfulness— making mindfulness an attractive option for those who are skeptical of Eastern traditions.
As mindfulness can be practiced in many different ways for many different uses, it is a perfect tool for any practitioner’s toolbox.
In fact, a group of researchers recently attempted to directly integrate mindfulness with positive psychology in an intervention they called the Positive Mindfulness Program (Ivtzan et al., 2016).
The goal of this study was to combine mindfulness training and positive psychology interventions for the purpose of increasing the wellbeing of participants.
The researchers were successful in doing so—showing that positive psychology and mindfulness can be combined in a research setting.
Mindfulness Practice and Philosophy
So what is mindfulness, and what does the practice of mindfulness look like?
Mindfulness can come in lots of different forms—it could be a yoga practice that involves mindfulness, it might involve setting aside time for mindfulness meditation sessions, or it could involve practicing mindfulness during everyday activities (such as washing the dishes, as Thich Nhat Hanh advocates).
Mindfulness can be practiced individually or as part of a group during a retreat. In fact, mindfulness is so easy you can practice it anywhere!
Mindfulness can be practiced for the sole purpose of becoming more mindful and there are several mindfulness practices and organizations which are aimed at specific groups of people.
One example is the Mindful Warrior Project, which is just one of the groups aimed at helping military veterans use mindfulness to increase their wellbeing post-combat. There are also various groups focused on teaching mindfulness to children, such as the Kids Programme from Youth Mindfulness.
The point is that no matter who you are or what your daily life consists of, there is most likely a mindfulness practice tailored to you. This versatility makes it accessible to all who are willing to learn and put in a little bit of time.
This is a key part of the philosophy of mindfulness, whether it is practiced religiously or in a secular matter. After all, mindfulness practitioners are all striving for the same thing, whether they call it mindful awareness or enlightenment. Very few (if any) mindfulness traditions are based on restricting their teachings to an exclusive group.
A Take-Home Message
Mindfulness is a tradition that has a rich history steeped in religious and, more recently, secular institutions.
The fact that it has found so many devotees among both religious and secular communities shows the universality of its teachings.
Anyone looking to start practicing mindfulness can choose their preferred starting point, whether it be Hindu scripture which is thousands of years old or recent Westernized teachings.
This brief overview of many historical aspects of mindfulness is by no means exhaustive, but we hope it serves as a starting point for readers to learn more about mindfulness and how to practice it.
Knowing the history of mindfulness is not necessary to begin practicing it, but knowing the roots of mindfulness can help you pick the tradition and practice that will be most useful for your life and your needs.
After you have found one that works for you, come back and let us know in the comments below! You might just inspire someone to start a mindfulness practice in their own lives.
We hope you enjoyed reading this article. Don’t forget to download our 3 Mindfulness Exercises for free.
- Gaiswinkler, L., Unterrainer, H.F. (2016). The relationship between yoga involvement, mindfulness and psychological well-being. Complementary Therapies in Medicine, 26(1), 123-127.
- Hacker, P., Davis, Jr., D.R. (2006). Dharma in Hinduism. Journal of Indian Philosophy, 34(5), 479-496.
- Hatcher, B.A. (2007). Bourgeois Vedanta: The colonial roots of middle-class Hinduism. Journal of the American Academy of Religion, 75(2), 298-323.
- Ivtzan, I. , Young, T., Martman, J., Jeffrey, A., Lomas, T., Hart, R., Eiroa-Orosa, F.J. (2016). Integrating Mindfulness into Positive Psychology: a Randomised Controlled Trial of an Online Positive Mindfulness Program. Mindfulness, 7(6), 1396-1407.
- Trousselard, M., Steiler, D., Claverie, D., Canini, F. (2014). The history of Mindfulness put to the test of current scientific data: Unresolved questions. Encephale-Revue de Psychiatrie Clinique Biologique et Therapeutique, 40(6), 474-480.
The History of Mindfulness | Psych Central
Mindfulness has evolved over the years, and it might be a good way to find stillness, calm, and stress relief.
There’s something so powerful about slowing down and paying attention.
Have you ever stopped for a moment to take in your surroundings? To take in the color of the sky, the way the air feels on your skin, or the surrounding sounds? If you have, you could say you were practicing mindfulness.
Mindfulness is becoming more and more popular as a coping mechanism for stress and anxiety and an accessible option for improving well-being. And as the conversation around mental health continues to evolve, so does the conversation around mindfulness.
But did you know that the history of mindfulness goes back hundreds of years?
People have been practicing mindfulness strategies for centuries.
The term originally comes from the Buddhist concept of “Sati,” which relates to the “moment to moment awareness of present events.” According to scholars, Buddhism itself was founded somewhere in the fifth century BCE by Siddhārtha Gautama (who most know as Buddha).
The modern translation of “Sati” to “mindfulness,” however, came in 1881 when Thomas William Rhys Davids, a British magistrate in Sri Lanka (previously known as Galle, Ceylon), identified “mindfulness” as the closest translation of the Buddhist concept of “Sati.”
While mindfulness was widely practiced in the East, it didn’t make its way over to the West until the 1970s.
Mindfulness first appeared in the United States because of Jon Kabat-Zinn, a professor of medication emeritus and creator of the Stress Reduction Clinic and the Center of Mindfulness in Medicine, Health Care, and Society at the University of Massachusetts Medical School
Kabat-Zinn first learned about the philosophical tenets of Buddhism while studying at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
In 1979, Kabat-Zinn opened the Stress Reduction Clinic at the University of Massachusetts Medical School. There, he adapted Buddhist teachings and created a program called “Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction,” or MBSR.
This program put MBSR into a scientific framework and diluted the connection between Buddhism and mindfulness.
But it still wasn’t until 1990 that his publication of “Full Catastrophe Living” brought global attention to his work. Since then, awareness and practice of mindfulness continued to grow.
In 2018, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) reported that meditation was the fastest growing health trend in the United States.
As the conversation around mental health continues to expand, mindfulness practices are becoming more well known as coping methods for stress and mental health conditions.
“Mindfulness involves paying attention to something in the moment, on purpose, and with open curiosity,” says Anne-Marie Emanuelli, the creative director of Mindful Frontiers, an education-based meditation center in northern New Mexico.
Merriam-Webster defines “mindfulness” as the quality or state of being mindful or the practice of maintaining a nonjudgmental state of heightened or complete awareness of one’s thoughts, emotions, or experiences on a moment-to-moment basis.
“Awareness of breath, sounds, or bodily sensations is often referred to as the ‘awareness anchor,'” explains Emanuelli.
While you might associate mindfulness with meditation, it’s not the only way to practice mindfulness. You can dive into mindfulness in several ways, from mindful eating to mindful movement.
At its core, though, the purpose of mindfulness lies in being present to build self-awareness over your state of being, which, in turn, can positively impact your overall well-being.
Evidence suggests that mindfulness-based practices may help curb stress, improve sleep, and even lower blood pressure in some people.
Findings from one 2018 research review suggested that mindfulness meditation may help improve sleep quality for some people with sleep issues. And one small 2019 study involving 48 participants found that practicing mindfulness may help decrease blood pressure.
Practicing mindfulness can even decrease anxiety and depression in times of crisis.
Mindfulness isn’t just for one group of people. It’s for everybody. “I believe that mindfulness is something anyone can practice, from the very young to the elderly,” says Emanuelli.
There are several ways to practice mindfulness, from how you listen to how you eat to how you fall asleep. You can incorporate each method into your particular daily routine in a way that works best for you.
Somewhere out there, there might be an ideal mindfulness practice for you — or maybe even two.
Here are a few mindfulness exercises to consider:
- Meditation. Meditation is often synonymous with mindfulness, and mindful meditations can help you center yourself and regain control of your headspace. Additionally, many styles of mindful meditation exist for you to explore.
- Breathing. Breath work or mindful breathing can be a helpful and simple way to ease your mind. It involves slowing down and paying attention to your breath.
- Yoga. Yoga is one of the most common mindfulness practices. You may find it helps you become more aware of your body and move more mindfully.
- Journaling. Journaling can help you become more mindful of your thoughts and feelings. Journal prompts like, “how’s my heart today?” can help you uncover your sense of self.
Mindfulness is a supportive tool that might be worth adding to your well-being tool kit. “Mindfulness is a powerful tool to improve attention, focus, mental health, and relationships,” explains Emanuelli.
Mindfulness can involve a structured routine or simply taking brief moments to pay attention. There’s no need to set aside hours of time to practice mindfulness. Just a few minutes a day can make a difference.
Where mindfulness goes from here will depend on how many people embrace this kind of practice.
We may see more schools and workplaces introducing mindfulness to students and workers. And as folks continue to work toward destigmatizing mental health conditions, we may see a greater push toward practices like mindfulness that help us look within and manage stress in healthy ways.
Regardless of how mindfulness evolves, consider this an opportunity to see if it’s a tool that might help you with whatever you’re working through.
Root - board game Crowd Games
Welcome to the distant forest, where a serious struggle for power, freedom and glory has played out! Once upon a time, the ancient Winged Dynasty ruled here, , but recently everything has changed: Marquis de Coté and her cat army came to power and established their own rules, cutting down trees and building sawmills and barracks in their place. The dynasty wishes to regain the reins of government, Marquis is not going to give in, the Forest Union wants to get rid of both, and the Forest Tramp. .. he just doesn't mind gaining fame on the sly. Which side will you take in this exciting adventure? Why Root?
Root (English) - root, source, foundation, ancestor.
In the process of working on the game, we thought about what exactly the author wanted to say by using such an ambiguous word for the title. And to find out for sure, we asked this question to the author of the board game, Cole Werl. nine0003
His answer was: “I deliberately chose a polysemantic word for the title. The box depicts the roots of a tree, and the game takes place in the forest. In addition to the direct meaning, there are also figurative ones. We have to feel how difficult it is for a new policy, a new regime of government to take root in some territory. And also this game is about problems and the reasons for their occurrence, about the essence of the problem or, in other words, about the root of the problem” .
After considering these words, we decided to keep the original name to preserve the integrity of the game design, and chose "Roots" as the Russian name, because it is this word that conveys everything that the author put into the title. nine0003
Root is an asymmetrical strategy game for 2-4 players who will lead one of four unique factions and enter into a power struggle in the forest, or go on an adventure. However, each participant in the game will have to go to victory in their own way: someone will have to seize lands and fight opponents, others will have to raise uprisings and carry out subversive activities, and still others will have to complete tasks and skillfully maneuver between the parties to the conflict. nine0003
Each faction in the game operates according to its own special rules, although the victory conditions are the same for all parties. But even if you develop a successful strategy for each role, this does not guarantee you victory, because the ability to negotiate with other players, and sometimes betray them, is also important in Root. Thanks to this, as well as the element of randomness in the game itself, each of your games in Root will be played in a completely new way.
Game with 3-4 players lasts 60-90 minutes. When playing with 2 participants, the game time is reduced to 30-40 minutes, so you can have time to fight for the right to rule the forest at lunchtime, or, as the author recommends, play 2 consecutive games, switching roles to show your opponent who is in charge .
Despite the fact that Root was released only in August 2018 thanks to Kickstarter, where the game was supported by almost 8.5 thousand people, in just a few months it received more than 3 thousand BoardGameGeek user ratings, and at the moment the game is confidently approaching the Top 100 with an average score of 8.2. nine0003
Colorful Root components with numerous atmospheric illustrations will not leave anyone indifferent. In a compact box you will find:
Root is an easy game to master. However, there are four completely different factions in the game, and the successful management of each depends on many little things.
We invite you to watch the review of the game on our YouTube channel:
Root is such a success because of its many features. After playing the first game, you will probably say: "It is not like anything else!"
Completely asymmetrical roles
There are many games in which all roles differ in initial resources or unique abilities, but the author of Root went further and created a game where each participant, in some sense, plays by his own unique rules. Everyone has the same goal - to be the first to score 30 victory points or to play and fulfill the conditions of the superiority card - however, everyone will go to this goal in their own way. nine0003
Game of Thrones in the Autumn Forest decoration
Root-that game that is not easy to attribute to some specific type. There is also a strategic calculation, and the need to correctly distribute limited resources, and control of territories, and the unpredictability of some events. A significant role in the game is given to diplomacy and undercover intrigues: you never know where to expect a dirty trick, sometimes you prepare to defend yourself from a flock of birds, but instead, partisan mice, who even in the last turn did not pose a threat and promised to coexist peacefully, start an uprising, destroying all your warriors and carefully built buildings. You have to carefully monitor all the opponents, because as soon as you get distracted by one, the other one will break forward under the guise and steal the victory right from under your nose. nine0003
High replay value strategy
Although Root is a strategy game where the ability to manage your own faction is of no small importance, it offers high replay value. It will not be enough just to learn how to manage one of the roles. In order to call yourself a specialist in the capture of forest expanses, you will need to master the tricks of each side of the conflict in order to understand the actions of each player during future battles and be able to adapt to them. And having learned how to masterfully fight in the autumn forest, you can always turn the field over to the "winter" side, where the initial location of the glade-territories will always change, making the situation more advantageous for one role and challenging another. nine0003
Roots game 92 cards 63 × 88 mm .
Our signature protectors are perfect for this game. You will need 1 pack of Crowd Games Protectors or 2 packs of Crowd Games Premium.
For the base game and all expansions (146 cards in total), you will need 2 packs of Crowd Games Protectors or 3 packs of Crowd Games Premium.
Card protectors help protect your cards from the elements, make them easier and faster to shuffle, and prevent chafing. They also protect your cards from small debris and moisture. nine0003
Root was developed by a young game designer Cole Werl, the author of such games as Pax Pamir and John Company.
Cole graduated from the journalism and literature department of Indiana University, where he also delved into the study of history.
In his school years, when he needed to learn a particular topic, he tried to find a suitable game and master the necessary material with its help. As a student, he began to create games for himself to help him study subjects. After a while, Cole realized that some of his cheat-sheet games could grow into real board games, which had no analogues on the market at that time. nine0003
Cole admits that Root is the kind of game he would like to have on hand during his student years, a game suitable for people who don't have too much free time to play long games and learn a lot of rules, but still want to play something something that requires active interaction with other participants.
The game received a colorful design thanks to illustrator Kyle Ferrin.nine0002 Having laid out the playing field on the table, you can hear the rustle of leaves in the autumn wind or the crunch of snowdrifts under your feet - just the sight of it instantly immerses you in the atmosphere of the game. And the illustrations on the cards are not only able to bring a smile and affection to many, but also perfectly suit the names of the cards and their properties.
Mice-conspirators, a furious hare in an ambush, and foxes with a seagull - all these characters are sure to meet you during the game, without further ado explaining how you can use this or that card. nine0003
| Are there animals in the forest? Is this child's play?
It's really innovative: it's based on territory control mechanics, and a lot of interesting things have already been added to it. I really like the cute, but at the same time cool theme. As if the Chronicles of Redwall book series became a board game. "Thumbs up" from me for a lot of things: great components, cool themes and just an interesting game, asymmetrical, but nevertheless, everyone has an equal chance of winning; many ways to win and the ability to create alliances. A fun game that I personally recommend! nine0006
Tom Wesel, Dice Tower
My feelings about the game: the more Root, the better! Fantastic game, be sure to try it. Throughout the game, you are haunted by the feeling that at any moment someone will spoil all the plans, and by the end of it the atmosphere is only heating up.
Just try Root - you will love it, you will love this game! An add-on will be coming soon to the game, and I just can't wait for it. nine0006
Brian Drake, Dice Tower
This is a good asymmetrical game that will take you a lot of interesting games to master all sides, which is important for a board game, in my opinion. The game is very variable, with good replayability. The illustrations are simply amazing.
In a nutshell: we have a well-developed and interesting game. If you like territory control games, you should definitely try Root. nine0006
Roll for Crit
It's hard for me to single out any disadvantages of Root. It has all the things that I would like to see in every war game. Very nice components, just the right level of randomness in the form of cards and dice to keep you constantly on the alert, forcing you to develop a plan "B", but at the same time not breaking all your planning from time to time. Thanks to 2 rule books and all kinds of reminders, it is easy to introduce newcomers to the game. Different factions keep you interested in the game even after many games. To sum it up: 5 stars out of 5, an asymmetrical forest combat game that is sure to appeal to a wide variety of players. nine0006
One of the best games this year. Creating four completely different factions that will work perfectly in one game is no small merit. Even though the mechanics of each faction sound very interesting even on their own, what attracted me the most was not this, but how each faction is able to counter any other, being part of the overall history of the forest, how the plot motivation of the characters is woven into their playstyle. There is the emotionality of a good war game that embraces politics and power struggles, but thanks to the fictional world, there is no need to adhere to historical accuracy. As a result, we get a game that is challenging in its theme and execution, but at the same time accessible and uncomplicated. nine0006
Unboxing of the English versions of the base game and the first expansion on the Carton Space channel:
Game rules and let's play for four on the Carton Space channel:
Let's play for four with extras on the Carton Space channel:
Review of the game and its add-ons on the Nice Dice channel:
Let's play for five on channel Tvoi Igrovoy:
Rules of the game, "Laws of the Forest" and corrections of the "Laws of the Forest" from the first edition in Russian from Crowd Games.
Game pages on the Nastolio, BoardGameGeek and Tesera portals.
Board Game Community (BGC): Forest, towaischi, forest!
ZoRDoK "Root is the best tabletop game at Camp 18. "
If you're already into the world of the game, check out the River Brotherhood, Underworld, Exiles & Guerrillas, and Gears pages, each with many new components and mechanics. nine0003
Koren Alisa Olegovna - cosmetologist, dermatologist, trichologist of KSK clinic
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Thank you very much for your clinic for professionalism and good specialists! Always very happy to be with you Many thanks to Alisa Olegovna (not the first time in her procedures) An excellent cosmetologist, the result is always excellent!
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Wonderful clinic! I always go to Alice Koren. A wonderful and sensitive specialist! He never advises too much, he will do only what is necessary. I trust myself to the specialists of the clinic and I am always calm for the result.
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Not so long ago, just three years ago, I turned to Alisa Olegovna for advice on my problems on the skin of my face. Since I visited cosmetologists quite often, I had something to compare. This is high professionalism and attentiveness to the client; friendly attitude towards all customers. After the next procedure, the face is fresh and young. I love getting Botox injections. In the past, I had swelling, and I'm not very happy with the injections, but now everything is perfect! nine0003
Doctor: Root Alisa Olegovna
Alisa Olegovna, thank you for my rosy clean cheeks! We did one photorejuvenation procedure on the M22 device. I saw the result right away: the vessels in my nose were almost gone. It looks so cool, fresh and clean! I will definitely come back for this procedure.
Physician: Root Alisa Olegovna
Good day everyone! She came in with a scalp problem, severe psoriasis. The administrator listened to my situation and sent me to a cosmetologist - Koren Alisa Olegovna. Alisa Olegovna prescribed a treatment plan, what shampoos to use, a scalp diagnosis was carried out, and much more.