Learn multiplication easy way
6 Easy Steps On How to Teach Multiplication In Fun Ways for Students
The leap from learning subtraction and addition to learning multiplication is one of the most daunting tasks students will face at school.
And it’s not just students who have trouble with the subject.
When teaching multiplication, educators frequently start with the wrong concepts or work through lessons too quickly. This can discourage and intimidate students, ultimately damaging learning outcomes.
Thankfully, there are known strategies to avoid these obstacles.
Use the guide below to see how you can make teaching and learning multiplication easy in six simple steps that will engage and resonate with students.
Section A: The six step guide to teaching multiplication 1. Relate multiplication to additionAvoid starting with memorization. Students typically struggle to memorize multiplication facts on the first try, and this can lead to a fear of the multiplication table.
The simplest way to begin teaching multiplication is to anchor the concept in terms of its relation to addition -- an operation your students should already be comfortable with.
Before moving on, ensure your students grasp the first pillar of multiplication: that it is simply repeated addition.
Use relatable examples, like the one above, to contextualize this fact.
It will help to write out examples so students can visualize the idea:
2 x 2 is the same as 2 + 2
or
3 x 4 is the same as 4 + 4 + 4
2. Start with the multiples of zero and oneMultiplying by zero: The zero propertyHighlight to your class that adding zero to a number has no effect on its identity:
n + 0 = n
Next, explain that in multiplication, any number multiplied by zero is also zero:
n x 0 = 0
Encourage students to discover examples of the zero property in the room. For example, a classroom that has 25 chairs with zero monkeys sitting on each one means that there are no monkeys in the classroom.
Optionally, one amusing example of a fun math activity to entertain your students involves thinking of funny examples of this property, like 0 x one million = 0 ... or ... 0 x ham sandwich = 0.
Image source: Step Into 2nd Grade
Multiplying by one: The identity propertyIn short, the identity property states that the product of a given number and one is that number itself: n x 1 = n.
Just like with the zero property, highlight to your class that multiplying a number by one results in the same value.
To ground the property in a real-life context, encourage your class to think of instances of the identity property in the classroom.
For instance,
- One group of eight desks is eight desks
- A single row on the calendar showing seven days is seven days
Image source: The Classy Teacher
3. Cover the multiplication table, starting with the “easy” numbersTo review, your students should now understand that multiplication can be thought of as repeated addition.
They should also have taken time to multiply numbers by zero and one. While they don’t need to know the technical terms, students should understand how the zero property and identity property work.
Now, it’s time to take on one of the biggest leaps: covering the multiplication table.
One effective approach works as follows:
- Display a chart or overhead slide of the 12 x 12 multiplication table. If you wish, supplement this with student copies of the multiplication chart. If a 12 x 12 chart seems too overwhelming, perform the same process with a 10 x 10 multiplication chart.
- Teach students how to use the chart and find products by following and matching the position of numbers using the vertical and horizontal axes.
- Now, talk about some of the patterns you can find in the chart. Offer students clues or hints. For example, note how every multiple of ten ends in zero, and every multiple of five ends in zero or five.
- Ask students which facts are the easiest. For instance, the ones and tens are easy. Now that you have discussed the "easy" multiplication facts -- and what it is that makes them easy -- eliminate them from the chart.
Students usually agree that the twos and fives and elevens are also easy. Continue crossing numbers the “easy” numbers out, until you arrive at a stage that looks something like this:
- Look at the remaining numbers with your class. Use the opportunity to lead a dynamic discussion and lead into the next step.
Just like addition, multiplication is commutative, meaning the order of factors doesn’t change the product (the answer).
In other words, two numbers can be multiplied in any order, and the product will be the same. For example, multiplying 8 x 2 will give you the same answer as multiplying 2 x 8.
When you communicate this effectively, it will encourage your students.
Show your students that each answer repeats, so they only have to learn half of the remaining tables. For example, explain that learning 3 x 6 is the same as learning 6 x 3!
If students have already learned the fact families of 0-3, then they also know four numbers each of 4-10.
To further reinforce the commutative property, you can also use a visual model like the one above and point out how the yellow blocks are arranged.
Ask your students, “aren't these two arrangements the same, but just different versions of each other? If we count the total number of units, are they the same?”
Helping students grasp this property is a key part of teaching multiplication. To get students to do it themselves and learn through direct experience, have your class create models to illustrate this idea, and prove that a x b results in the same product as b x a.
5. Break memorization down into easy stepsAt this point, your students are ready to begin memorizing the multiplication table. It is likely that they have already begun to do so.
Be aware that it is not always obvious to students why they need to learn multiplication facts off by heart. Communicate the importance of understanding the meaning behind multiplication facts and how they can be used in everyday situations.
While there are many approaches to memorizing the multiplication chart, recall the examples above -- the “easy” numbers -- as a good starting point. As you continue your lesson, consider following these rules:
- Encourage students and set time for them to practice verbally or in writing.
- Introduce new multiplication facts one by one, gradually and incrementally opening the concept to the more advanced steps of multiplying by 2, 3, 4 and so on.
- Give students time to practice the multiplication facts. Find a rhythm that works well in your classroom. If you wish, take advantage of peer learning for students who are struggling.
- Memorize the facts in a strategic order. Once your students master 0-3, proceed to 4-7, and then 8-10. Depending on your preference, you may also cover 11 and 12. Including more challenging problems as a bonus will help you to gauge high-achieving students. Some teachers will include a few harder problems for a bonus or to identify high-achieving students.
To help with memorization, keep visual materials on hand in your classroom. No matter how many times you cover multiplication, it’s always a good idea to have a physical copy of the table available in your classroom.
If you don’t have one, you can order one online for less than 10 dollars. A quick search on Amazon shows an array of options.
If you already have a poster, consider getting other materials that will help you explain the function of multiplication visually.
For example, this document is a great option for displays: it contains a 20 page set of answers (like the one seen below) to each of the times tables from 1-10, color coded according to the specific table they represent.
6. Introduce the associative and distributive propertiesWhile these concepts are more advanced, it is important your students grasp them. You will find they can work wonders to improve your students’ mental math.
Note: Use your discretion when introducing the properties below. They may not be applicable to students in any year lower than the 4th Grade.
The associative propertyThe rule of associative property states that no matter the way you group factors, the product will always be the same.
For example,
(a x b) x c = a x (b x c)
or
(1 x 2) x 3 = 1 x (2 x 3)
Your students can understand this concept by relating it to column addition, whereby they group addends to find the sum.
Students can also learn to group factors in any way they find most convenient as they look for the answer. You may explain this rule as an extension of the commutative property above.
The distributive propertyThe distributive property is symbolized as a(b + c)=(ab)+(ac)
That might look tricky to students, but frequently they are already using the property by themselves as a mental math trick to solve more challenging multiplication facts.
Put simply, the property spreads out -- or, as its name implies, distributes -- the value of a equally to b and c.
For example, for 6 x 8, they may use the distributive property to think: (6 x 5) + (6 x 3), or 30 +18
To explain the property to visual or tactile learners, allow children to explore the distributive property with materials such as cups and beans or grid paper.
Section B: Fun ways to teach multiplicationPlay Classroom Math GamesClassroom math games can take the fear out of multiplication. Consider these two examples specialized to multiplication:
Calculator Constants
If the calculators in your classroom have a constant function, encourage your students to use them to discover the multiples of any number to find the link between multiplication and addition.
How it works:
- Pick a factor such as seven, and enter it.
- Hit the + button, then press the = button. The calculator should show seven again.
- Next, continue to press the = button. The constant function will continually add seven, showing the number’s incremental multiples (7, 14, 21, 28, and so on)
- Optionally, have students record a list of the multiples they find and encourage them to look for patterns in the list they come up with
Times Table Buzz
This is a fun math activity to motivate your students, reinforcing their knowledge of the multiplication table.
Step a) Pick a specific multiplication table to use for the activity (for example, multiples of five)
Step b) Have your students stand up and arrange them in a certain order, such that each student knows when it’s their turn
Step c) Choose one student to count “one.” Next, the child to his or her left counts “two.” The following child counts “three,” and so on. When the sequence reaches a multiple of five, the student shouts out “buzz!”
Therefore, the sequence will proceed as: one, two, three, four, “buzz!”, six, seven...
Step d) If a student forgets to say “buzz” or says it at the wrong time, they are out and sit down. The counting sequence will continue until the students reach ten times five (or at the teacher’s discretion) and will then start again.
The final winners are the last three children standing. Consider rewarding the winners as part of your classroom management strategy.
For more inspiration, review our full list of 20 engaging, skill-building classroom math games.
For an active approach to teaching math, review our 20 fun and creative math activities -- approaches and exercises, with and without computers, that will make students look forward to your math lessons.
Use fun math books in classIn our review of math books for students, we found a list of exceptional resources for teachers.
Review numbers three, five, and six to find examples of publications that feature multiplication and help support a well-structured math curriculum.
Support learning with math websitesThe internet is home to a vast selection of powerful and useful educational math websites for teachers and students.
See our list of helpful math websites for teachers, five of which you can share with students.One resource is Prodigy Math Game, a curriculum-aligned math game used by more than 800,000 teachers and 30 million students around the world.
Prodigy offers content from every major math topic — including multiplication — and covers 1st to 8th grade.
You can make learning multiplication a fantasy-inspired journey where students’ success depends on honing curriculum-aligned math skills!
Sign up nowHow to Teach Multiplication: Final ThoughtsIf multiplication is a science, then helping your students understand the operation is an art.
With these strategies and tools in mind, you can see how multiplication doesn’t have to be a scary or daunting subject -- for yourself or for your students.
When broken down into digestible constituents, you will avoid the frustrations that frequently accompany the practice of learning multiplication.
Use these ideas to reinforce a well-structured math curriculum, and watch your students’ learning outcomes improve.
The Easy Way to Memorize Multiplication Tables (An Amazing Hack!)
This post originally appeared on the blog Planning Playtime.
When I look back to my elementary years, one of the most difficult things I was asked to do was memorize my multiplication tables. There were so many of them, and they seemed like strings of random numbers that I had to keep in order and in context with the numbers they were being multiplied by. I managed with the help of my retired teacher mother and some quality time with flash cards, but it wasn’t until I was much older that I realized how critical the mastery of multiplication tables is.
Several years ago, I was trying to assist a couple of my neighbor girls who were in middle grade resource classes for failing math. They would come over with their math books and sit at my kitchen table. After a few minutes of watching them stare at the problems with a hopeless look in their eyes, I was shocked to realize the issue went well beyond the current material. They didn’t know how to multiply without counting it out. Somehow the multiplication tables they should have learned 4-5 years previously had evaded them, and they were essentially crippled in math.
The trouble doesn’t seem to be with the 2’s, 5’s, and 10’s. These tables have an obvious pattern and are much easier to learn, but there is a serious slow-down as kids hit the 3’s, 4’s, and 6’s. By the time they get to the 7’s, 8’s, and 9’s, I’ve watched children decide that multiplication is way too hard, and math just isn’t their thing.
Fortunately for me, a wonderful 3rd grade teacher gave us the solution. It helped that he was male, and my 8-year-old daughter had a major crush on him. She ate up every word that man said, so when he taught her to skip count to some familiar tunes she came home singing her math just for fun.
What is Skip Counting?
Skip counting is counting at intervals of whichever number you choose. For example, if I was to skip count by 7 I would count, 7, 14, 21… and so on. Using this method you can do single digit multiplication with ease. Say the teacher asks you to multiply 4 x 7 = __. You simply skip count 7’s, 4 times, 7, 14, 21, 28. The answer to 4 x 7 = 28.
That still leaves the problem of memorizing a string of numbers, and here’s where the magic is. Teach children to skip count to the tune of a simple song. Have you ever wondered why children can learn the lyrics to songs so easily? It is because music can be used as a mnemonic device, that is a strategy to assist with memorization. If you can associate the numbers with the sounds in a song, the children will not only learn them faster, but retain them much longer than they would memorizing them exclusively through repetition.
While there are several options out there for skip counting songs, my favorite are the skip counting songs to familiar children’s tunes. That way your child doesn’t have to worry about learning a tune, and can focus immediately on the numbers. My second daughter, now 8-years-old, was asked to learn her 8’s this week. After singing the song just four times, she was already starting to skip count by herself. I’ve now started teaching them to my youngest children as early as kindergarten age because they love to sing, and it’s fun.
These songs have been a game changer for us, and we wanted to share them with parents and teachers around the world. My oldest daughter and I recorded the songs for you and created simple animated videos to help the children sing along. Since posting the videos, they have been used in tens of thousands of classrooms and homes across the globe, helping children master their multiplication tables. At the special request of teachers, I have also created simple sheet music that can be printed and sent home for extra practice. You can find the printable sheet music here.
*Photo Credit for the feature image goes to Poppies & Posies Photography! Check them out. They’re amazing!!
***
Amy Nielson is the education-obsessed mother of five who blogs at PlanningPlaytime.com. The daughter of a retired teacher mother, she learned at an early age an absolute love of learning, and she tries to bring a bit of joy and fun to everything she teaches. Having previously taught reading, preschool, and music, she is now at home full time teaching her preschooler to read and creating engaging, effective resources that her kids come home and fight over. Check out her work in her TpT store. You can also find her sharing great ideas on Facebook, Pinterest, and Instagram.
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How to learn the multiplication table easily and quickly
July 3, 2020 Likbez Education
These tricks will save your student's summer.
1. Hack the system
Usually the multiplication table on the back of school notebooks looks like this.
Photo: Ramif / DepositphotosThe mere sight of these endless columns of numbers can drive an energetic elementary school student into despair. Therefore, without a doubt, take a bold marker and cross out the mathematical torture in front of the child's eyes. This is not just a performance, but a way to create a positive attitude.
Instead of complex examples, offer the student a Pythagorean table.
This is the real multiplication table. Show your child how easy it is to use.
The result of multiplying two digits is the number that is at the intersection of the row and column with the corresponding digits. For example, to multiply 3 by 4, it is enough to mentally draw two lines: one horizontal from the number 3 in the left column, and the second vertical - from the number 4 in the top row. Result - 12.
2. Explain that the task is twice as easy as it seems
Multiply 3 by 4 together. Now ask the child to reverse the numbers: choose 3 not in a vertical column, but in a horizontal line. And 4, respectively, in the column on the left. Please note that the result will be the same. Both 3 × 4 and 4 × 3 equals 12.
This rule is called the commutativity property. Or in children's language, "the result does not change from changing the places of factors."
You don't need to remember how much 3 × 4 or 4 × 3 will be. It is enough to learn that the numbers 3 and 4 in any order, when multiplied by each other, give 12.
A simple conclusion follows from the commutativity property. Multiplication table - half the size and simpler than it seems. If you know how much 4 × 7 will be, then you automatically know how much 7 × 4 will be. You do not need to learn this further.
3. Help your child understand the physical meaning of multiplication
This can be done by drawing rectangles on the table with sides corresponding to the multiplied numbers.
For example, this is how you can show what 2 × 4 is - these are two rows of four cells in each.
Ask the child to count how many cells fit in the resulting rectangle. So he will find out for himself that 2 × 4 = 8.
Scan or print several copies of the Pythagorean table and, together with the student, draw other rectangles - horizontal, vertical, small and large, counting how many cells are in them. Thus, at the same time, you use visual memory: remembering how much it will be, for example, 3 × 4, the child will imagine the corresponding figure - and easily answer.
4. Find patterns in the table
When a child discovers a pattern on his own, he remembers it forever. This is an easier and more effective way to master the multiplication table than cramming.
Here are some patterns that you should pay attention to.
- When multiplied by 1, any number remains the same.
- Multiplying by 2 is just a number to which it has been added. For example, 3 × 2 means that 3 is added to the number 3. 8 × 2 means 8 + 8.
- All examples multiplied by 5 have a result that ends in 5 or 0.
- To multiply any even number by 5, you need to take its half and add 0 to it. For example, 6 × 5: take half of 6 - this is the number 3 - and we add zero to it: it turns out 30.
- When multiplied by 9, the sum of the digits in the result will necessarily be equal to 9. For example, 2 × 9 = 18 (1 + 8 = 9). 3 x 9 = 27 (2 + 7 = 9). And so on.
- To multiply any number by 10, just add zero to the right of it.
5. Learn in small chunks
Don't try to memorize everything in one sitting. Start by multiplying by 1, 2, and 3, and spend a day or two studying each such topic. So you gradually prepare the child for the assimilation of more complex information.
When the student has figured out and mastered the simplest columns, move on to more difficult numbers: first to multiply by 4–7, and then by 8–9.
6. Repeat
The more often the better. First, ask in order, and when the answers become confident, randomly. Keep track of the pace: at first, give more time to think, but gradually ask the child to answer faster.
7. Print or buy educational posters
A few are better. Hang them in those places where the child spends a lot of time - in the nursery (play area), above the desktop, on the refrigerator.
Posters should be large and bright. You can also use those that do not show the Pythagorean table, but standard examples. In any case, the child will cling to the colorful image with his eyes, and it will be fixed in memory.
8. Teach your child math tricks
Here are some simple examples.
Multiply 7 Trick
You will need some dice. Tell the child that no matter how many dice he rolls, you will immediately say the sum of the dots on their top and bottom faces - even though the bottom of the dice is not visible.
The secret is simple: the dice are arranged in such a way that the sum of the points on the top and bottom surfaces is always 7. Thus, to find out the correct answer, it is enough to multiply the number of dice thrown by 7.
Invite the child to show the trick to a brother or sister, grandparents, friends. Let the student change the number of cubes. This will help him fix the multiplication by 7 in his memory. You will have 10 fingers in front of you. Mentally number them from 1 to 10: the thumb of the left hand is 1, the index finger is 2, and so on, up to the thumb of the right hand, which will correspond to 10. Then proceed like this.
- Select the number you want to multiply 9 by.
- Press the corresponding finger down.
- Count how many fingers remain to the left of the pressed one - these will be tens in the desired answer. On the right are units.
For example, you need to multiply 9 by 2. You press the second finger in a row - the left index finger. To the right of it remains 1 finger (the number of tens), to the left - 8 (the number of ones). Correct answer: 9 × 2 = 18.
9. Show that math is useful
It is difficult for children, as well as for adults, to memorize abstract things - those that are not used in everyday life. Your task is to demonstrate to the child that the multiplication table is very useful. This can be done in many ways.
For example, invite a student who is going for a walk to treat friends to candy or cookies. “Katya, Vasya, Platon and Ira are waiting for you on the site. You are going to give each of them 2 candies. How many sweets do you need to take?
Another option: have the child count the total number of wheels on six cars passing by. Or find out how many people will go to a picnic if you are going to meet four families, each of which has three people.
10. Play Math
Today you can buy a lot of teaching aids with colorful pictures and thoughtful logic problems. Thanks to such exercises, learning turns into an exciting game. But you can play without spending money on books.
Use ready-made games with dice
Any rpg will do, in which the player advances the number of cells indicated by the rolled dice. Tell your child that today all throws are considered doubles (or, let's say, triples). As a rule, children really like the idea of going two or three times as far as the cube indicates.
To add interest to the game, try to cheat regularly. For example, say: “So, I rolled a 4, which means I have to go twice as far ... 10 cells!” Let the child correct you.
Invite the child to get ahead of the calculator
You will need all the same dice (if the child is learning multiplication from 1 to 6) or a deck of playing cards without pictures (if we are talking about multiplying numbers from 6 to 10). Have the student roll two dice or draw two cards from the deck.
When you see the numbers, you multiply them on the calculator and the child does the same mentally. Whoever does it the fastest gets a point.
The game can last up to 7 points, for example. The winner receives a predetermined prize.
11. Do not turn learning into stress
Often, controlling children's learning, parents get too carried away and make the same mistakes. Here's what you should never do.
- Force a child to study if he does not want to. Try to motivate: study should be interesting, and not turn into torture.
- Scold for mistakes and scare with bad grades.
- Use classmates as an example. When someone compares you to someone, it's unpleasant. And it often provokes a protest: “Since I’m worse, I won’t teach anything at all!”
- Learn everything at once. It is easy to frighten and tire a child with a large amount of new information.
- Ignore progress. Praise your child when they complete tasks. This will reduce stress and stimulate the desire to study further.
This article was first published in January 2017. In July 2020, we updated the text.
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*Activity of Meta Platforms Inc. and its social networks Facebook and Instagram are prohibited in the territory of the Russian Federation.
How to quickly and easily learn the multiplication table for a child
The multiplication table is the basis of many mathematical problems. However, with its study, schoolchildren often have difficulties. Parents have to spend a lot of time and effort to help their child learn the multiplication table. But if you turn boring cramming into a fun game, the learning process will become easy and interesting.
How to make it easier for your child to memorize the table
If you want to help your child learn the table, consider the following recommendations:
- Submit information in parts. So it will be better deposited in memory. Learn no more than one column of the table at a time. Even if the student is eager to remember everything at once, this is not necessary. The dosed supply of information brings the best results.
- In the process of learning take breaks , allowing the brain to rest and switch to another activity. After a while, return to the lesson by asking the child to repeat the memorized numbers.
- Do not move on to studying the next column of the table until the child well remembers the previous one. Otherwise it will get confused.
- Try to organize the lessons in a playful way . So the student will be more interesting to study, and the information will be better deposited in memory.
Be sure to praise your child for success. This will increase his motivation to keep going. Do not scold for mistakes and do not scare with bad grades. And never set your child as an example of classmates who study better than him. Nothing lowers motivation more than comparison in favor of others.
Learning kits from TUMBLING
Methods to help learn the multiplication table
There are many ways to make learning the table easier. The most important thing is that the child understands the pattern of multiplying numbers. Your task is to explain this pattern to him and visually show it.
Table Pythagoras
A table consisting of columns of examples is usually printed on the back of school notebooks. It's not very easy to learn. Seeing these incomprehensible columns, the child will simply be confused. Therefore, the Pythagorean table is more suitable for younger students.
This is the same multiplication table, only the numbers in it are not arranged in columns, in the form of a square. It is very easy to use it. The first multiplier is located on the horizontal axis, and the second - on the vertical one. Mentally draw a line from each multiplier to the center of the square. The number at the point where these lines converge will be the product of these two factors. Now swap the factors - find the first on the vertical axis, and the second on the horizontal. The result will be the same.
Tell your child this diagram and show how easy it is to multiply one number by another. Ask him to do this procedure with all the numbers. The Pythagorean table is memorized very quickly.
So that your child can repeat it regularly, buy a large chart (these are sold in office supply stores) and hang it in the child's room. The more colorful the table, the better, because bright colors will attract the child's attention.
Multiplication in verses
Simple rhymes will help the child remember some examples of multiplication:
- “Twice two is four. Two by two is four. Everyone in the whole world knows this."
- "Five five - twenty five, six six - thirty six, six eight - forty eight."
These are just a couple of examples of common rhymes. You can find other rhymes or come up with your own. Of course, you cannot learn the entire table in poetic form, but rhyming lines help to remember individual examples.
Games for the development of logic and mathematical thinking from TUMBLING
Game with cards
Children remember information well when it is presented not in the form of boring lessons, but in the form. Learning the multiplication table can also be turned into a fun game. To do this, you will need cards that are easy to make yourself.
Take a piece of cardboard and cut into 100 small squares. On one side of each square, write an example from the table (1x1, 2x2, etc.), and on the other side, write the answer. The cards are ready, you can start playing.
Shuffle the cards. Take out any at random and show an example to the child. He must answer. Then do the opposite - show the answers, and let the child say which numbers need to be multiplied to get such a result. To make it more interesting for the child to play, periodically change roles. He will show examples, and you will answer.
Multiplication with counting sticks
Get a set of counting sticks or matchboxes. Show your child how to use them to solve the examples from the table. For example, you want to multiply two by three. Put two sticks in one pile, two in another, and two in a third. Invite the child to count the number of sticks and make sure that it corresponds to the result in the table.
Mobile games
In this digital age, you can use your phone or tablet to memorize multiplication tables. There are special mobile games or simulators that allow you to easily remember the table. Choose the application you like and download it to your mobile phone. Let the child play and learn. Points earned for correct answers will motivate him. And you can see his statistics and progress.
Math coloring
There are special coloring pages for children with multiplication examples. Different areas of the coloring are marked with numbers, and each number corresponds to a certain color. Coloring the picture, the child not only enjoys, but also remembers the multiplication table. You can buy a coloring book in a store or download it from the Internet and print it out.
Game with dice and calculator
The multiplication table from 1 to 6 can be learned in a playful way. To do this, you will need two dotted dice and a calculator. Game progress: the child rolls the dice and multiplies the resulting numbers in his mind. And at this time you must multiply them on the calculator. Whoever gets it right first gets a point. After a while, switch roles.
Rectangle Game
This is another game technique to help you learn how to multiply different numbers. You will need a sheet of notebook paper in a box and two markers or felt-tip pens in different colors. You will use one, and your son or daughter will use the other. You also need two dice.
Game progress: lay out a sheet of paper on the table - this is the playing field. You will draw on one part, and the child will draw on the other. Throw the dice, and then draw a rectangle on your part of the paper sheet, the sides of which are as many cells as the number of points dropped on the dice. In the middle of the rectangle, write the number of cells that it contains.
The child makes the next move, then you again. The game continues until the entire sheet of paper is filled with rectangles. The winner is the one whose figures occupy more cells on the playing field.
Multiplication Tricks
Teach your son or daughter little math tricks to quickly remember multiplying certain numbers.
- Multiply by 1. This is the simplest rule in the table. Tell the child that any number multiplied by one does not change and remains as it was.
- Multiplying by 10. Here, too, everything is simple. You need to multiply the required number by one, and then just add zero.
- Multiplication by 2. If a child knows even numbers and can easily count by twos (two, four, six, eight ...), then remembering the rules for multiplying by two will be very easy for him.
- Multiplication by 4. Having learned multiplication by two, the child will easily remember the rules of multiplication by four. To do this, it is enough just to double the result.
- Multiplying by 5. If a child knows how to tell time using a mechanical watch, he will easily remember the rules for multiplying numbers by five. To do this, just look at the clock face and mentally add five minutes to each multiplied number. For example, 5x4=20, 5x7=35, etc. There is another regularity here. When multiplied by five, the result always ends in either the number 5 or the number 0. This is also easy to remember.
- Multiply by 9. One of the more difficult rules is to multiply by nine. Children do not remember it well, often get confused. There is a little trick that allows you to learn this column of the table in a short time. You need to multiply the required number by ten (which is very easy), and then subtract one. Multiply by nine. Explain this pattern to a child, and he will very quickly remember the rules for multiplying by nine.
With the help of these rules, a child can easily learn half of the multiplication table.
Commutative property
Explain to your child a simple mathematical rule: the product does not change when the factors are changed. That is, the multiplied numbers can be interchanged, and the result will remain the same. For example, 5x3=15 and 3x5=15, 4x6=24 and 6x4=24. Having learned this pattern, the student will quickly remember many examples from the table.
Make up tasks close to real life
It is difficult for a child to memorize abstract examples that are not used in practice. To make it easier for him to memorize, come up with simple tasks of a household plan. Ask the child to imagine that four friends will come to visit him, let's say Vanya, Kolya, Petya and Anya. He wants to offer everyone three candies. Let him count how many sweets he will need.
For clarity, take a bag of sweets and put them into four piles - for Vanya, Kolya, Petya and Anya - three pieces in each pile. Illustrative examples help to better understand the rules of multiplication.
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