Introvert extrovert test myers brigg
The Myers & Briggs Foundation
Extraversion or Introversion
The first pair of psychological preferences is Extraversion and Introversion. Where do you put your attention and get your energy? Do you like to spend time in the outer world of people and things (Extraversion), or in your inner world of ideas and images (Introversion)?
Extraversion and Introversion as terms used by C. G. Jung explain different attitudes people use to direct their energy. These words have a meaning in psychology that is different from the way they are used in everyday language.
Everyone spends some time extraverting and some time introverting. Don't confuse Introversion with shyness or reclusiveness. They are not related.
Take a minute to ask yourself which of the following descriptions seems more natural, effortless, and comfortable for you?
I like getting my energy from active involvement in events and having a lot of different activities. I'm excited when I'm around people and I like to energize other people. I like moving into action and making things happen. I generally feel at home in the world. I often understand a problem better when I can talk out loud about it and hear what others have to say.
The following statements generally apply to me:
- I am seen as "outgoing" or as a "people person."
- I feel comfortable in groups and like working in them.
- I have a wide range of friends and know lots of people.
- I sometimes jump too quickly into an activity and don't allow enough time to think it over.
- Before I start a project, I sometimes forget to stop and get clear on what I want to do and why.
I like getting my energy from dealing with the ideas, pictures, memories, and reactions that are inside my head, in my inner world. I often prefer doing things alone or with one or two people I feel comfortable with. I take time to reflect so that I have a clear idea of what I'll be doing when I decide to act. Ideas are almost solid things for me. Sometimes I like the idea of something better than the real thing.
The following statements generally apply to me:
- I am seen as "reflective" or "reserved."
- I feel comfortable being alone and like things I can do on my own.
- I prefer to know just a few people well.
- I sometimes spend too much time reflecting and don't move into action quickly enough.
- I sometimes forget to check with the outside world to see if my ideas really fit the experience.
Adapted from Looking at Type: The Fundamentals
by Charles R. Martin (CAPT 1997)
Personality Test of Myers & Briggs' 16 Types
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OMG! This was so very exciting and insightful. This accurately captured the qualities and attributes that make up my essence so much more precisely than anyone has EVER been able to do. AMAZING! I am also eager to get to know, learn and connect with myself on a much deeper level than which I am acquainted. Only then will I truly become a force to be reckoned with. So Thank You.
by Tracie Yates
I enjoyed finding about my personality type and would say I found it to be very accurate. From reading my full report I can understand why I excel in some parts of my life and where in others, having these traits are holding me back. With this new awareness I feel I can make better decisions. I would recommend anyone to take the quiz to discover what makes them tick. It also gave me insights as to how others in my life are different to me allowing me to have a different perspective on who they are being. We all have different strengths!
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My personality type is SPOT ON! I almost didn't believe it myself but the complete report provided amazing insight into my strengths, weaknesses and most importantly the direction I need to pursue. Thank you Truity!
TypeFinder Personality Test FAQ
Q. What is this personality test based on?
A. This test is based on the personality theory created by Isabel Myers and Katharine Briggs. It measures your preferences on Myers and Briggs' four dimensions of personality type, as well as 23 more detailed facets of type to personalize your results.
Q.How long is this personality test?
A. The test consists of 130 questions and takes about 10-15 minutes to complete.
Q. Is this personality test really free?
A. You do not need to purchase or register to take this test and view an overview of your results. If you would like, you can purchase a more comprehensive full report for a small fee.
Q. Is this personality test accurate?
A. This test has been researched extensively to ensure it is valid and reliable, using a variety of statistical methods. These results are detailed in the TypeFinder technical report. Most of our users describe their results as both accurate and insightful. However, it is important to note that no test can determine personality type correctly for everyone—it's essential that you evaluate your results on your own to decide if they describe you well, and research other possible types if necessary.
Q. What will my results for this test look like?
A. You will first see a brief, free report showing the key points from your results. After reviewing your brief report, you then have the option to unlock your full report for a small fee. To see what you can expect from your full report, see this sample report.
Q. How can I access my personality test results?
A. After you take a test, you will have the option to create an account by entering your email address. If you create an account, you can view your test results at any time by returning to Truity.com and logging into your account. We do not email your results to you.
Q. Do I need to complete this personality test all at once?
A. If you’ve created an account, you can click on ‘Save’ at the bottom of the screen, and your responses will be saved. If you do not log in to a Truity account before starting the test, you won't have the option to stop and save your responses and will need to complete the test all at once.
Q. Can I have my employees, team or group take the TypeFinder test?
A. Absolutely. Our [email protected] platform is designed to make it easy to give a TypeFinder personality test to your team or group. See discounted group pricing and learn how to quickly and easily set up testing for your group on the Testing for Business page.
Q. Will this test tell me which careers are best for my type?
A. This test has brief information about the careers for your type, but if you main goal is to find the right career for you, then we recommend you take the TypeFinder for Career Planning, which is specifically designed to help you find the right career for your type as well as your individual interests and strengths.
Q. Is this personality test appropriate for children?
A. None of our tests are appropriate for children under the age of 14. Some of our tests may have mature content, and anyone younger than 18 should only take the test with parental guidance.
Q. Where can I find more information about the 16 personalities?
A. You can find comprehensive profiles of each of Myers and Briggs' personality types here: INFP • INFJ • INTP • INTJ • ENFP • ENFJ • ENTP • ENTJ • ISFP • ISFJ • ISTP • ISTJ • ESFP • ESFJ • ESTP • ESTJ
Q. Can my personality type change over time?
A. If you asked Isabel Briggs Myers and Katherine Briggs (the creators of the 16 personality types) or Carl Jung (the psychologist whose theories Briggs and Myers studied), they would say no, a person's personality type does not change over time. However, personality psychologists who study large populations have found that shifts in personality do occur over time. Research shows that age and individual life experiences can cause a shift in your personality. However, drastic shifts in personality are unusual, and most people find that changes are small and gradual.
Q. I'm looking for the official MBTI® assessment. Is this it?
A. The MBTI® is the original assessment developed by Isabel Myers and Katharine Briggs. The TypeFinder® is based on Myers and Briggs' theory, but is not the same as the MBTI® assessment. Some key differences:
The MBTI® Assessment
- Developed by Isabel Briggs Myers
- Based on theories of C.G. Jung, Katharine Briggs and Isabel Myers
- Measures 4 preferences of personality type
- Available through certified practitioners or online
- Results cost $49 (for MBTI® Online)
- Developed by Truity
- Based on Myers and Briggs' theory and original empirical research
- Measures 4 dimensions and 23 facets of personality type
- Available online
- Results are free, or choose to purchase an expanded report
Q. Are you going to sell my data?
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator, Myers-Briggs, and MBTI are registered trademarks of The Myers & Briggs Foundation in the United States and other countries. Truity has no affiliation with the organizations publishing or holding rights to the MBTI® assessment.
Myers-Briggs Indicator Types - Tutorialspoint
The Myers-Briggs Type Indicator is a set of psychometric questionnaires designed to weigh psychological preferences in how people perceive the world and make decisions. The Myers Briggs Personality Model, developed by Katherine Briggs and Isabelle Briggs Myers, is based on four preferences, namely:
- Types of Social Interaction
- Data collection preference
- Decision preference
- Decision-making style
Regarding the prescribed Myers-Briggs type indicator, preferences include eight leadership styles -
- E or I (Extraversion or Introversion)
- S or N (perception or introduction)
- T or F (thinking or feeling)
- J or P (judgment or perception)
We combine bias to give our Myers Briggs personality type. Say, for example, our preferences for E and S and T and J, so that leads to the ESTJ personality type. In the same way, there are sixteen Myers Briggs personality types that can be created by combining these four letters together.
When we put these four letters together we get our personality type code and there are sixteen combinations. For example, INTJ implies that we prefer Introversion, Intuition, Thinking and Evaluation (remember, this only implies preferences - INTJ also uses Extraversion, Perception, Feeling and Perception).
Types of social interaction
The way a person communicates with others and communicates with other people is called social interaction. Who are we, how do we communicate with people? To answer this question, we classify people and their preferences in order to direct their energy into two types of Extraversion and Extrovert, Introversion and Introvert.
Extraversion or Extrovert
If people prefer to direct their energy towards dealing with others, things, situations, or "the outside world", then they prefer extraversion.
An extrovert is a sociable, socially confident person. This is indicated by the letter "E".
Introversion or Introvert
If people prefer to direct their energy to work with ideas, information, explanations, beliefs, or "inner world", then they prefer introversion.
An introvert is a shy and reserved person. This is denoted by the letter "I".
For example, Archana is a know-it-all, she needs time to socialize with others and is considered an introvert, while Alka is very sociable and easily communicates with everyone, which is why she is considered an extrovert.
Data collection preference
Everything we see, we hear, we process it in our brain. Now, how do we prefer to process information? On what basis? To answer this question, we need to understand how we choose to transform our information.
We may collect information in two different ways using two different information collection features, Sensing and Intuition.
If we choose to deal with the facts that we know in order to be clear or describe what we see, then we choose to perceive.
This is indicated by the letter “S”.
If we choose to deal with ideas, explore the unknown, generate new possibilities, or exploit what is not obvious, then we prefer intuition.
This is indicated by the letter "N" (the letter I has already been used for introversion).
For example - if I say that I believe that something good will happen, then this is just an intuition, because I base my statement without any evidence, but simply on a feeling. However, when I say that according to today's weather forecast it will rain, it is felt, because I have evidence to support my statement.
There are two main types of functions that we prefer to use to make decisions.
If we decide to make a decision based on objective logic, using an analytical and independent way, then we prefer Thinking. This is indicated by the letter "T".
If we prefer to make decisions based on values or our personal beliefs based on what we think is important or what we or others care about, then we prefer Feeling. This is indicated by the letter "F".
For example, if I get Rs. 500 lying on the road and I think, as I understand it, this is mine, then this is my thinking. However, if I consider it wrong to keep other people's money and decide to donate it, then this is considered a feeling.
Decision-making style is nothing but the way we choose to organize our lives. This is done either Perceive or Judge.
If we prefer to go with the flow, stay flexible and react to things that come first, then we prefer Perception. This is indicated by the letter "P".
If we prefer our lives to be planned, stable and organized, then we prefer to judge (this should not be confused with "judgmental", which is quite different). This is indicated by the letter "J".
eg - Mona gets a job and decides that since she got the job she doesn't have to worry about anything else. This attitude is accepted. On the other hand, Tina is aiming for her banking software exam and planning her life where all her activities will help her achieve her dream job. This attitude is judgmental.
Myers-Briggs Personality Test
After a brief introduction to personality types, let's take a look at the 16 personality types.
People with this type of personality are calm, serious, achieve success honestly and reliably. They are logical, factual, realistic and responsible. They practically decide what needs to be done and constantly work towards it, regardless of distractions. They like to synchronize and organize everything - their work, their home, their life. They prioritize tradition and loyalty.
People with this personality type are calm, friendly, responsible and cautious. They are committed and resilient in meeting their demands. Careful, painstaking, precise and accurate. They are loyal, considerate, notice and remember features of other people that are important to them and are concerned about how others feel. They strive to create an orderly and harmonious environment at work and at home.
People with this personality type always explore meaning and connection in ideas, relationships, and material possessions. They want to understand what inspires people and are insightful about others. Being cautious by nature, they are committed to their strong values. They have a clear idea of how best to work for the common good. These types of people are organized and determined to realize their vision.
People with this personality type have a unique mindset and a great drive to realize their ideas and achieve their goals. They quickly see patterns in external events and develop promising designs. Being devotees, they start something and see it through to the end. Questionable and independent, they have high standards of competence and performance – for themselves and others.
People with this personality type are tolerant and flexible, quiet observers until a problem arises and then act quickly to find workable solutions. Learn what makes things work and easily view large amounts of data to isolate the core of practical questions. They are interested in cause and effect, organize facts using practical principles, and value efficiency.
People with this personality type are quiet, friendly, adaptive, sensitive and kind. They enjoy the present moment and don't worry about what's going on around them. They like to have their own space and work on their own deadlines. They are loyal and committed to their principles and the people who matter to them. These people do not like disagreements and arguments, and also do not impose their opinions or values on others.
People with this personality type are idealistic, loyal, honest with their values and the people who are important to them. They want an outer life that is compatible with their values. Excited, quick to see opportunities, they can be catalysts for ideas to come to fruition. They understand people and help them realize their potential. These people are adaptable, flexible and receptive in nature, as long as values are not threatened.
People with this personality type develop logical explanations for everything that interests them. They are theoretical and abstract, more interested in ideas than in social communication. They are quiet, discreet, flexible and adaptable. These people have an unusual ability to focus deeply on solving problems in their area of interest. They are skeptical, sometimes critical, and always analytical.
People with this personality type are flexible and tolerant; they take a pragmatic approach focused on getting immediate results. Theories and conceptual developments have tired them out - they want to act energetically to solve the problem. They are focused on the "here and now", active, spontaneous and enjoying every moment. These people enjoy materialistic comfort and style. They only learn by doing.
People with this personality type are outgoing, friendly, free and accepting by nature. Enthusiastic lovers of life, people and material comforts. They love to work with others to make things happen. Bring a common sense and realistic approach to your work, and make work fun. They are flexible and spontaneous, easily adapting to new people and environments. They learn best by trying new skills with other people.
People with this personality type are cordially active and resourceful. They perceive life as full of events. Make connections between events and information very quickly and act confidently based on the patterns they see. They want a lot of validation from others, and they readily give appreciation and support. These people are spontaneous and flexible, often dependent on their ability to improvise and their verbal fluency.
People with this personality type are quick, intelligent, resourceful, stimulating, alert, and outspoken. Resourceful in solving new and complex issues. They are adept at creating conceptual possibilities and then strategically testing them. They are also good at reading people. These people, tired of the daily routine, will rarely do the same thing, and tend to move from one new interest to another.
People with this personality type are practical, realistic, logical and practical. They are decisive and move quickly to the implementation of decisions. They organize projects and people to get things done, focused on getting results in the most efficient way possible. They like to keep routine details, have a clear set of logical standards, follow them systematically and expect others to do the same. They carry out their plans resolutely.
People with this personality type are cordial, cautious and cooperative. They want harmony in their environment and work with determination to establish it. They enjoy working with others to get the job done accurately and on time. They are loyal and tend to follow closely even in small matters. They want to be appreciated for who they are and for their contribution.
People with this personality type are warm, empathetic, responsive, active and responsible. They are very sensitive to the emotions, needs and motives of others. They find potential in everyone and want to help others act on their potential. Often people of this type act as catalysts for the growth of an individual or group. They are loyal, active in praise and criticism. They are sociable and provide inspiring leadership.
People with this personality type are outspoken, determined, intelligent, and willing to take on leadership. They are quick to see illogical and ineffective moves and policies, and effectively design and implement comprehensive systems to solve organizational problems. They enjoy long-term planning, are usually well-informed, up-to-date, well-read, like to expand their knowledge and pass it on to others. They present their ideas and views convincingly.
These are 16 different personality types in which a person can be grouped and we can learn about him.
test description, typology and recommendations
It is not uncommon to hear people referred to as introverts or extroverts in newspapers, on TV or just in conversation. However, not everyone knows what these concepts are.
In simple terms, the TF scale on how a person makes decisions:
- T (thinking, ) - the ability to rationally weigh the pros and cons;
- F (feeling, ethics) - decisions are made emotionally.
Judgment (J) and Perception (P)
Thanks to this scale, you can find out how much a person interacts with the external environment. Solid and analyzed decisions in those individuals who primarily prefer to think and analyze J.
Type P people are more predisposed to perception. As a rule, they are very open, so it is easier for them to adapt to a particular situation or society.
In simple terms, the JP scale shows how the solution is prepared:
- J (judgment and rationality) - planning and ordering;
- P (perception and irrationality) - the desire to navigate the circumstances, the ability to adapt.
Features of the Myers-Briggs test
The main difference between the Myers-Briggs test and other testing systems is that this system, in fact, is not a test. There are no right or wrong answers in it, since all types are completely equal to each other.
Another difference is that the final results are not checked against any template and are not checked against any standards. The Myers-Briggs system only provides detailed information about the characteristics of a single individual.
Psychological testing questions
During the testing, the whole procedure must meet certain conditions.
- Appropriate equipment required: test program, computer, etc.
- Test takers must undergo a special briefing before answering questions.
- It is necessary to pre-determine the timing of the test.
The Myers-Briggs test must be administered by a professional to obtain reliable results. For this reason, large organizations are ready to pay any costs in order to comply with all testing conditions.
In smaller companies, an HR specialist or manager with a degree in psychology can conduct the survey.
The reliability of the Myers-Briggs system
The National Research Council explains this by the fact that during the testing process there were no Myers-Briggs studies in programs regarding the orientation of the professional.
That is, in fact, their typology is built on ineffective methods.
Criticism of the Myers-Briggs test
Collected practical data from highly qualified psychologists have shown that certain type scales do not function at the clinical level of diagnosis.
According to EF Abelskaya, the results obtained are applicable to sociological research, but by no means to individual research.
She argued that the existing inaccuracies could adversely affect the definition of any particular type of individual.
Also, the Myers-Briggs type indicator has been criticized because of the distribution of responses, since in this scenario, the mass of people can be attributed to different types with a small difference in measurements. In turn, this also increases the chances of errors and inaccuracies.
Despite criticism, the Myers-Briggs test is still one of the most popular in the world. Therefore, we strongly recommend that you go through it. This will allow you to look at yourself from the outside and learn a lot of interesting things about yourself.
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The Myers-Briggs typology is a personality typology that arose on the basis of Jung's typology in the 1940s and became widespread in the USA and Europe. Based on this typology, a system of psychological testing was created - Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI).
Myers-Briggs diagnostic system is widely used in business, in the largest Western companies. In the US, up to 70% of high school graduates take the MBTI personality test to help them choose their future profession. More than 2 million people complete the MBTI questionnaire each year. The MBTI questionnaire has been translated into 30 languages (including Russian) and is used all over the world.
Main application areas of the Myers-Briggs typology:
- self-knowledge and personal growth;
- career development and career guidance;
- development of organizations;
- management and leadership trainings;
- problem solving;
- family counseling;
- education and curriculum development;
- scientific work;
- interpersonal interaction trainings.
The scientific basis of the Myers-Briggs typology is questionable. Some of these doubts are related to the developers' lack of qualifications and training in the field of psychometrics. Another part of the doubts is connected with the very idea of the typological approach in psychology. Thus, the typological approach presupposes the presence of vivid “types”, i.e. bimodal distribution of responses on a dichotomous scale. While in studies the distribution of answers tends to be normal and the output of results in a binary format (thinking-feeling, extraversion-introversion, etc.) entails, on the one hand, a noticeable loss of information, on the other hand, leads to measurement errors.
In everyday life, one often hears how one or another person calls himself. Many people have questions, what does this mean, and how did he know this? It turns out that such people determine their personality type according to Myers-Briggs - a system of psychological testing. Such tests are a questionnaire with which you can objectively and accurately assess the personality.
The tests used include tools that can measure basic mental functions (motor skills, memory, attention). First of all, such tests are used to obtain an objective description of functional disorders. The results of the test will help to correctly diagnose and choose the appropriate method of treatment or therapy, if necessary.
History of testing
The Myers-Briggs psychological testing system was developed by American women Katherine Briggs and her daughter Isabelle Myers-Briggs. The typology was based on the work of the psychiatrist Jung "Psychological Types". Mother and daughter developed a unique psychological system, supplementing existing tests with a new scale.
The Myers-Briggs typology is very popular in the West, but in Russia, Ukraine and Lithuania Jung's ideas turned out to be on the socionic path. This path and the Myers-Briggs system have much in common, although there are some disagreements. These differences are mostly about type issues.
What psychological tests are for
Nowadays, psychological tests have become widely used in hiring. help the HR manager to determine the critical moments of non-compliance with the requirements, assess the mental and physiological characteristics of the applicant, correlate the characteristics of the type with the requirements of the position and work performed, and, if necessary, send an already working employee to professional training.
For example, the HR director of a large company uses a psychological test in an interview. They are of a different nature, but quite often they ask to portray something. After analyzing the picture, you can determine the problems, life contradictions and the idea of the applicant as a whole. When using the Myers-Briggs typology, the candidate's temperament, performance and stress resistance are revealed.
In the West, about 70% of high school graduates use the Mayer-Briggs definition for an objective choice of future profession.
Working on the test
Being fascinated by Jung's psychological theory of types, Katherine and her daughter Isabella came to the conclusion that this theory can indeed be applied in an applied sense. They began to study and began to develop a scale, the purpose of which was to determine individual differences. At that time, the Second World War was going on. Americans decided to help people understand not only their own "I", but also to determine which profession is more suitable for their personality type and will contribute to a healthy and happy life.
Katherine and Isabella used the handwritten version of the test on their friends and acquaintances. Over the next few decades, they improved it - changed the wording and content. Subsequently, the Myers-Briggs test became one of the most widely used psychological tests in the world. It really reveals the strengths and preferences of a person.
The Myers-Briggs typology is unique, with no single type being better or worse. The proposed system is not designed to detect dysfunctions and abnormalities. The goal of the developers is to help with self-knowledge.
Myers-Briggs questionnaire - these are some interconnected scales:
- Extraversion (E)-introversion (I). Jung introduced this scale by describing people's reactions to processes and interactions with the outside world. Extroverts constantly interact with other people, they spend most of their time with them and feel in good shape. Others, introverts, on the contrary, are fixated on their inner world, constantly reflecting and analyzing themselves. Such people feel most comfortable being alone. You can show the properties of both an extrovert and an introvert, but you will still relate to one of these sides.
- Common sense (S)-intuition (N). This scale focuses on the collection of information from the outside world. All people (extroverts and introverts) use both common sense and make decisions based on intuition. Despite this, based on the Myers-Briggs system, one can only refer to one side. People who are more guided by common sense, try to use what they can get from their own senses, and generally pay attention to reality. They enjoy hands-on experience, focusing on details and facts. People who belong to intuition pay the most attention to impressions and patterns. Usually they formulate abstract theories, think about the future and the possible.
- Thinking (T)-feeling (F). The scale stops at those moments at which people make decisions and dispose of the information they have collected. Those who prefer to reason focus on objective data. When making decisions, such people are consistent, objective and logical. Those who rely on feelings, all actions are based on their emotions.
- Judgment (J)-perception (P). This scale reveals the basis of human interaction with the outside world. Firm and balanced decisions are made by people who are used to thinking. Perceptives are very open, flexible and adaptable.
Personality is classified into 16 types depending on the results of the questionnaire answers: ISTJ, ISTP, ISFJ, ISFP, INFJ, INFP, INTJ, INTP, ESTP, ESTJ, ESFP, ESFJ, ENFP, ENFJ, ENTP, ENTJ. Each type reveals the characteristics of the individual, her tastes, needs, abilities, positive and negative qualities.
How is the Myers-Briggs system different from other instruments?
The main difference is that the system developed by the Americans, in principle, is not a test. The questionnaire is not a collection of answers that are correct or incorrect. All types are absolutely equal, none is superior to the other.
The second difference from other psychological tools is that the results are not compared with any norms. Instead, the system offers information about the uniqueness of the individual.
Psychological Test Questions
Questions are primarily determined by the test used. The testing procedure itself must meet strict requirements. The first of these includes the availability of equipment, an example of which is a test program or a computer. Another requirement is a preliminary briefing on how to perform the test. And finally, the time frame for passing the test.
In addition to these requirements, the test must be carried out by a specialist in order to validate the results. For this reason, this method is mainly used by large companies that are able to pay the costs of specialized institutions dealing with such issues. In small firms, the Myers-Briggs test can be carried out by a personnel manager who has a degree in psychology.
System Reliability and Acceptability
The Myers-Briggs system meets all basic parameters of reliability and acceptability. However, some studies show that this has not been adequately demonstrated and proven.
Studies have also shown that about half of the respondents who took the test a second time received completely different results. The National Research Council claims that Myers-Briggs studies have not been conducted in professional orientation programs, that is, almost all of their typology is based on unapproved methods.
Criticism of the test
The accumulated empirical data of professional psychologists have shown that some Myers-Briggs type scales do not function at the clinical level of diagnosis. The author of the latest adapted version of the psychological testing system, E. F. Abelskaya, believed that the results obtained were acceptable for sociological research, but not for individual research. She justified this by the fact that such inaccuracies can fail in determining the specific type of person.
The Myers-Briggs type indicator has also been criticized because of the normal distribution of responses, that is, with this approach, many people will be assigned to different types with little difference in measurements. This situation also increases the occurrence of error in the measurement.
Summing up, we can say with confidence that, despite all the criticism and possible mistakes, it is still recommended to pass the test for an objective knowledge of your individual qualities, temperament, features, motives, talent, strengths and weaknesses. The information obtained will greatly facilitate life and interaction with other people.
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Much has been written about the personality typology of Myers-Briggs either a lot and incomprehensibly, or little and even more incomprehensible. And, despite the fact that the test for its definition is often criticized, it remains an important key to understanding personality characteristics. Generally speaking, it determines how people perceive the world and make decisions. Many Western companies require the Myers-Briggs test for employment. Also, according to the authors of Wikipedia, about 70% of American graduates are tested in order to find out their strengths and choose their future profession. And in general, it provides an opportunity for introspection, which is why we have prepared this article and an online test for you.
A Brief History
The prehistory of typology goes back to the work of Carl Jung, who, in his book Psychological Types, published in 1921, suggested that there are four basic psychological functions that help a person perceive the world. These are feelings and sensations. This work was much more fundamental than the ideas of the American Catherine Briggs, who was simply interested in the differences in the characters of different people. But, having become acquainted with Jung's typology, she, supported by her daughter Isabelle Briggs-Myers, began to study this issue in detail and even published a couple of scientific articles. She also singled out four types, and was based, by her own admission, on the works of Jung. But later, the daughter significantly expanded the theory, giving it the outlines of a modern one.
It happened during the Second World War. It was then that the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator appeared (MBTI - typology proper, the term "socionics" is also often used). It was not a "naked" theory - the researchers relied on original tests, compiled by them. The purpose of the research was the most noble: on the basis of testing, to determine individual personal preferences in work and to select women who were supposed to replace men who had gone into the army in the workplace, where they could show their talents at their true worth. Already later, in the 1950s and 1960s, prominent scientists spoke positively about the typology, and new experiments were carried out to refine the methodology. But in addition to followers, MBTI also has a number of critics who point out that the Myers-Briggs typology almost duplicates C. Jung's research in the theoretical part and does not always find its validity in practice.
The essence of the MBTI psychological testing system is that, by measuring the unique combinations of a person's personality factors, it is possible to predict his propensity for a certain type of activity, his style of action, the nature of decisions and other features that allow him to feel comfortable and confidently. For and what were invented, 4 scales (descriptors), on which the personality is studied:
- orientation of consciousness (introversion-extraversion),
- orientation in the situation (common sense - intuition)
- decision-making basis ()
- method of preparing decisions (rationality - irrationality)
Let's consider each scale in more detail:
Scale EI: orientation of consciousness
Introverts (I-type) are not necessarily closed and uncommunicative people, as often portrayed by the "yellow" publications. They can be gregarious and outgoing, but draw and work better on their own. Such people prefer thoughts, not words, so they always think before they say something.
In contrast to extroverts (E-type), whose sociability borders on talkativeness. They are happy to be and work with other people. They solve problems not alone behind closed doors, but through discussion, which allows them to find a compromise. But such situations arise more often - the nature of human communication, and even in abundance, makes itself felt.
In simple terms, the EI scale tells about the general orientation of consciousness:
- E (extrovert) - orientation to external objects;
- I (introvert) - orientation inward, on oneself.
SN scale: orientation in the situation
The translation of the word "sensing" as "common sense" is not entirely accurate. People belonging to the S-type, assessing the situation, take into account all the details that can be understood and felt thanks to the "sensors" - sight, smell, touch. They rely on external, already known data and are consistent in their decisions, which are carefully considered and weighed. They are always accurate, guesses that are not confirmed by facts do not matter to them, and only what is happening here and now is of paramount importance.
N-type is more inclined to rely on intuition. Often these are people with a developed culture, for whom the world is a concentration of opportunities. They are more casual about the facts, but they are able to see the picture globally, the most diverse ways of development of events.
In simple terms, the SN scale reflects the chosen way of orienting in a situation:
- S (sensorics) - orientation to facts and experience gained;
- N (intuition) - orientation to premonitions, general information.
TF scale: basis of decision-making
Decision-making is based on a well-known dichotomy: emotions and intelligence (IQ vs EQ). T-type - these are people for whom it comes first. They follow the voice of reason and make decisions only after careful consideration. Representatives of this type analyze information well, and are also fair and objective.
In simple terms, the TF scale - how a person makes decisions:
- T (thinking, logic) - the ability to rationally weigh the pros and cons;
- F (feeling, ethics) - decisions are made emotionally.
JP scale: a way of preparing decisions
P-types are not capable of comprehensive control and planning, but they can perceive a lot of information and at once through several channels. They are multi-taskers, are good at getting things done under tight deadlines, and don't panic when things go wrong. Changes are very easy for such people, because skill is their forte.
J-type, on the contrary, are single-tasking, prone to and algorithmization. First of all, stability is important for them, they try to eliminate chaos and approach the solution of any problem fully armed, after having thought everything through. Such people are able to set well, prioritize and achieve results.
In simple terms, the JP scale - how a decision is prepared:
- J (judgment and rationality) - planning and ordering;
- P (perception and irrationality) - the desire to navigate the circumstances, the ability to adapt.
Take the 20-question online test
The Myers-Briggs test, along with many other world-famous tests, is included in the course. After passing it, you can get a detailed description of your personality, weaknesses and strengths, inclinations, in order to better understand yourself and use this knowledge for self-development.
The test below will determine which "pole" of each dichotomy a person is more inclined to. The test contains 20 questions: 5 questions for each descriptor. It is an odd number of questions for each scale that makes it possible to get your inclination towards one or another pole (an even number would make it possible to obtain an intermediate result: 50 to 50).
Before starting the test, it is important to understand the following things:
- No questions of any, even the most detailed, questionnaire can cover all human behavior. This test only allows you to "delineate the framework" and indicates a bias, and not a comprehensive dominance of some properties over others.
- Regardless of belonging to any type, each person uses both poles of preferences in everyday life, but to a different extent. For example, we can be sociable with good acquaintances, but more often be introverts.
- When answering a question, choose the option that seems most preferable and comfortable for you in most life situations. If you don't like both options, then choose the least unattractive option.
- After passing the test, you will find out not only your personality type, but also get a little explanation of the result. Do not forget to answer all the questions, for this it is most convenient to go in order.
16 personality types: interpretation of test results
You received a result that is one of the 16 personality types that are formed as a result of the intersection of the 4 descriptors described above, containing 2 elements each (four squared - 16). These 16 types have been given a generic name for each type to make it easier to navigate:
Realist, Administrator, Leader (ESTJ: extrovert, sensory, logical, rational). A very hard-working, socially adapted type, he always feels the need to bring the work he has begun to completion. Plans activities, practically relates to surrounding things. Inclined to show love and care for loved ones, loves noisy fun, company. Good-natured, but harsh, can be quick-tempered and stubborn.
They see the world as it is, translate their perceptions into objective language. Feel the need to impose their assessments on others, establishing a firm course of action that is based on a specific program. Managing order anywhere is the most natural occupation for them.
- 11% men
- 6% women
Commander, entrepreneur (ENTJ: extrovert, intuitive, logical, rational). He is able to clearly distinguish his own capabilities and abilities, easily inspired and starts new business, is fond of dynamic sports that give extreme sensations. Feels new trends, takes risks, relying on intuition. He confidently uses new technologies in his work, deeply analyzes himself and the world around him. Prone to positive thinking and close communication with people.
Have a need for control and unusual leadership abilities. They are wide open, towards countless possibilities and meanings, which are translated into the language of objective mental operations and lead to orderly and timely activity. For them, life reveals itself in a struggle, in a dispute, in a clash with others in the name of knowledge.
- 3% men
- 1% women
Organizer, inspector (ISTJ: introvert, sensory, logical, rational). He loves order and rigor, deeply delves into work, analyzing information from different angles. It has a certain pedantry. Really looks at things, takes up the case only if he knows for sure that he can complete it. Causes confidence, but prefers short business contacts with other people.
Have a sense of responsibility. Their behavior is focused on the end result. Objective, concrete, immediate information is immediately transmitted “inside” and carefully analyzed. Their addiction to everything that is "here and now" does not allow them to take anything for granted or allow anything. Everything they see is an objective and tangible reality for them, in which they immediately establish a certain order.
- 16% men
- 7% women
Persuader, mentor (ENFJ: extrovert, intuitive, ethic, rational). Very emotional personality, prone to empathy and the manifestation of a wide range of emotions. Possesses expressive facial expressions and eloquence. Able to anticipate different events and prepare for them in advance. Detects inconsistencies in the words and emotions of other people. Often not sure of the partner's love, prone to jealousy.
Their attention is focused on those around them, and they perfectly understand who needs what. Their rich imagination and inspiring nature express themselves in a very concrete and organized way, which allows them to fulfill their fantasies. They have the ability to intuitively comprehend the situation with an attentive and caring attitude to the position of all participants.
- 3% women
- 2% men
Teacher, educator, enthusiast (ESFJ: extrovert, sensory, ethic, rational). Able to influence people with the help of emotional pressure, while getting along well with them, can cheer up, tend to sacrifice his own interests for the sake of another person and show love and care for loved ones. In work, he achieves everything on his own, loves when other people emphasize his merits.
Decision propensity provides them with everything they need to make it easy to establish contact with anyone. Their subjective sensitivity brings harmony to any situation, at the same time trying to streamline it, direct the course of events in a certain direction; And they do it gently, but persistently.
- 17% women
- 8% men
Analyst, visionary, inspirer (INTJ: introvert, intuitive, logical, rational). Knows how to distinguish the main from the secondary, does not like empty talk, is prone to clear practical thinking. In work, this type likes to use unusual ideas, while demonstrating his independence. Uses intuition where he does not know the exact answers. He does not like noisy companies, feels difficulties in establishing relationships with other people.
Their rich inner world contains limitless possibilities, which are realized in the form of a desire to improve and improve everything. Words, plans, projects, ideas, people - they want to do everything better than they really are. In their opinion, even the best can be made even better. Strive for completion.
- 3% men
- 1% women
Inspirer, consultant, adviser, humanist (INFJ: Introvert, Intuitive, Ethic, Rational). Subtly feels the nature of relations between people, attaches great importance to trust, does not forgive betrayal. Able to reveal the hidden abilities of others, endowed with the talent of an educator. He is fond of self-education, people often turn to him for advice. Very vulnerable, hard to endure aggression and lack of love.
Their driving force, intuition directed inwards, supplies them with an inexhaustible stream of ideas and possibilities. And the more introversion plays a role in INFJs, the more fluid, malleable and open life seems to them. But the outside world changes the direction of this flow of inspired creative activity: they feel called to serve people and do this in a very organized and orderly manner.
- 2% women
- 1% men
Performer, guardian, protector (ISFJ: introvert, sensory, ethic, rational). He recognizes pretense and falseness in relationships, divides people into friends and foes, leading the psychological distance. Defends his views and principles. He knows how to stand up for himself and his loved ones, does not tolerate the moral superiority of other people. Able to deeply analyze himself and others.
Neat, good-natured, orderly, and extremely diligent and caring, they draw strength from themselves and from everything they see, hear, feel, touch and taste. These forces are aimed at serving others, while all activities are clearly calculated and planned. They see their purpose in helping others and making them happier.
- 19% women
- 8% men
Inventor, seeker, dreamer (ENTP: extrovert, intuitive, logical, irrational). He has a wide range of interests, is able to adapt to new conditions and easily transitions to new methods of work. Is a generator of ideas, does not like traditions and routine. Able to explain complex ideas, being a pioneer in them. More prone to synthesis in thinking, creates a new idea from ready-made components.
Their ingenuity is constantly being applied in a wide variety of professional and non-professional areas. It originates in a predisposition to intuition, which opens up limitless possibilities for them, combined with their objective decision-making ability, directed at the world around them. This leads to the fact that everything is transformed into ideas and schemes. They are more attracted to new ideas, they are in continuous tension of activity.
- 4% men
- 2% women
Fidget, marshal, realist (ESTP: extrovert, sensory, logical, irrational). Inclined to use physical force in order to achieve victory at any cost. Obstacles only increase his desire to win. He likes to lead, not enduring submission. Analyzing the situation, he likes to draw up a specific plan of action, he clearly follows it.
Their focus is on people and the world of objects. The collection of information occurs with the help of the five senses. In the future, the information is evaluated and analyzed objectively, but at the same time they remain mobile and accessible to new alternatives. Able to give a quick, accurate, practically valuable, objective and clearly expressed answer in any situation.
- 6% men
- 3% women
Pick, champion (ENFP: extrovert, intuitive, ethic, irrational). Able to subtly feel other people, has a developed imagination. He loves creative work, does not tolerate monotony and routine. Sociable, likes to give practical advice in the field of interaction with people.
The combination of extroversion, intuition, sensitivity and receptivity gives them a unique ability to cooperate effectively, participate in a variety of enterprises and the ability to withstand the unexpected. They perceive life in the diversity of its possibilities and interpret these possibilities from the point of view of their influence on people. All this is accompanied by active interaction with the outside world, and their inquisitive position allows them to navigate in a constant change of situations.
- 10% women
- 6% men
Animator, politician, activist (ESFP: extrovert, sensory, ethic, irrational). Able to see the possibilities of others, using this knowledge for the purpose of manipulation. Leads the weaker, clearly identifying their weak points. He likes to keep his distance, in communication he is rather guided by his own interests. In the eyes of others, he tries to look like an outstanding original personality, but often he is not.
For them, only what has to do with "here and now" is reliable enough. They live mostly for the present moment. More start than finish. Focusing on immediate results makes them intolerant of all sorts of procedures, patterns and other obstacles. They try to use every minute to start a useful conversation. Strive for harmony in human relationships.
- 10% women
- 7% men
Architect, critic, analyst (INTP: introvert, intuitive, logical, irrational). This type is an erudite with a philosophical mindset. Cautious, makes a decision only with confidence in its correctness, analyzing the past in its connection with the future. He does not like violent manifestations of emotions, he appreciates coziness and comfort.
Thoughtfulness prompts them to explore everything that intuition provides them. Their desire for objectivity requires a careful analysis of all information, and their open-mindedness and mobility ensures susceptibility to unexpected and new facts, whatever they may be. This combination of predispositions leads to a paradoxical goal: they are forever trying to piece together an ever-increasing amount of data. However, the constant influx of new messages and facts prevents this. And as a result, all thoughts, ideas and plans, no matter how final they are formulated, inevitably change at the last moment, as soon as "new data" about external or internal influences become available to the researcher. Therefore, they are in constant tension.
- 5% men
- 2% women
Master, craftsman (ISTP: introvert, sensory, logical, irrational). Sensations are for him the main source of knowledge of the world. Shows empathy, subtly feels and loves other people, rejects artificiality and falsehood. He is distinguished by a technical mindset, likes to work with his hands, while always meeting the right deadlines.
Focused on themselves, prone to objectivity in making decisions, they are more inclined to wait, analyze the situation, rather than immediately offer their decision and rush into battle. Their view of the world is extremely concrete, but combined with their inherent openness, this can lead to more unpredictable actions than one might expect.
- 9% men
- 2% women
Contemplator, lyricist, healer (INFP: introvert, intuitive, ethic, irrational). A dreamy and lyrical personality, knows how to intuitively predict events, is well versed in people, loves and "feels" them. Has a good sense of humor, causes the location of other people. This type attaches great importance to appearance. He does not know how to save money, and during work he likes to rest for a long time.
The desire for self-knowledge, self-determination and agreement with oneself. Thanks to the qualities of introverts, their thoughts are directed at themselves, the properties of intuitionists provide them with a sense of the endless possibilities contained in man.