Introvert definition in hindi
इन्ट्रवर्ट / इन्ट्रोवर्ट का अर्थ, मतलब, अनुवाद, उच्चारण
- शब्द संजाल
- शब्द प्रचलन
IPA: ɪntroʊvɜrtहिन्दी: इन्ट्रवर्ट / इन्ट्रोवर्ट
introvert के हिन्दी में अर्थ
- अन्तर्मुखी व्यक्ति
- अंतर्मुखी व्यक्ति
- अन्दर को मोड़ना
- अन्दर मोड़ना
- अन्दर को मुड़ना
- अन्दर मुड़ना
introvert शब्द रूप
introverts (noun plural)
introverted (verb past tense)
introverting (verb present participle)
introverts (verb present tense)
introvert की परिभाषाएं और अर्थ अंग्रेजी में
- (psychology) a person who tends to shrink from social contacts and to become preoccupied with their own thoughts
(मनोविज्ञान) एक व्यक्ति जो सामाजिक संपर्कों से बचता और अपने विचारों में व्यस्त रहता होपर्यायवाची
अंतर्मुखी व्यक्ति, अन्तर्मुखी व्यक्ति
- turn inside
- "He introverted his feelings"
- fold inwardsपर्यायवाची
- "some organs can invaginate"
introvert के समानार्थक शब्द
introvert के विलोम
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introvert का हिन्दी मतलब
introvert का हिन्दी अर्थ, introvert की परिभाषा, introvert का अनुवाद और अर्थ, introvert के लिए हिन्दी शब्द। introvert के समान शब्द, introvert के समानार्थी शब्द, introvert के पर्यायवाची शब्द। introvert के विपरीत शब्द, introvert के विलोम शब्द. introvert के उच्चारण सीखें और बोलने का अभ्यास करें। introvert का अर्थ क्या है? introvert का हिन्दी मतलब, introvert का मीनिंग, introvert का हिन्दी अर्थ, introvert का हिन्दी अनुवाद
"introvert" के बारे में
introvert का अर्थ हिन्दी में, introvert का इंगलिश अर्थ, introvert का उच्चारण और उदाहरण वाक्य। introvert का हिन्दी मीनिंग, introvert का हिन्दी अर्थ, introvert का हिन्दी अनुवाद
Also see: English to Hindi Translation
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Introvert meaning in Hindi - Introvert का हिन्दी अर्थIntrovert का हिन्दी अर्थ
Pronunciation = introvert
Introvert in Hindi: इन्ट्रोवर्टPart of speech: NounPlural: Introverts ( इन्ट्रोवर्टस )Definition in English: a person who tends to shrink from social contacts and to become preoccupied with their own thoughts. Definition in Hindi: वो ईंसान जो अपने-आप मे सीमित रहता हे, बाहरी समाज से दूर रहता हो.Examples in English:
- Since I am an introvert I rarely go to parties.
- Sunil is an introvert whose only hobby is reading.
- वो एक अंतर्मुखी हे.
- गणेश को अंतर्मुख रहना पसन्द हे.
- अंतर्मुखी लोग बाहरी दुनिया से दूर रहते हे.
|Synonyms in Hindi||सुरक्षित,एकांत,अंतर्विरोध, विचारशीलता,विनीत,|
|Synonyms in English||introvert|
|Antonyms in Hindi||नीच तलाशने वाला, मिलनसार, बातूनी, निवर्तमान, आरामपसंद|
|Antonyms in English||extrovert, friendly, social|
Multibhashi’s Hindi-English Dictionary will help you find the meaning of different words from Hindi to English like meaning of Antarmukhi ,from English to Hindi like meaning of Introvert, etc.
Use this free dictionary to get the definition of friend in Hindi and also the definition of friend in English. Also see the translation in Hindi or translation in English, synonyms, antonyms, related words, image and pronunciation for helping spoken English improvement or spoken Hindi improvement.About English Language
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Hindi is among the oldest languages to be discovered by mankind, which has its roots laid back in around the 10th Century AD. It is a descendant of Sanskrit, which was the earliest speech of the Aryans in India. Hindi- also known as Hindustani or Khari-Boli, is written in the Devanagari script, which is the most scientific writing system in the world and is widely spoken by over ten million people across the globe as their first or second language, which makes it 3rd most widely spoken language in the world.
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Introvert | it's... What is an introvert?
Introversion - extraversion - a common basis in psychology for categorizing or measuring personality traits. The most famous are two slightly different concepts of introversion-extroversion, belonging to Carl Gustav Jung and Hans Jürgen Eysenck.
According to Jung, extraversion is manifested in the orientation of a person's libido to the outside world, in the fact that an extravert prefers the social and practical aspects of life to immersion in the world of imagination and reflection. The introvert, on the other hand, prefers reflection and imagination to operations with real external objects.
Psychology knows two fundamentally different types of personality: extroverts and introverts.
Extroverts are a type of personality (or behavior), which is oriented in its manifestations outside, to others.
Introverts - a type of personality (or behavior), oriented inward or on oneself.
Extroverts are characterized by behavior in which a person strives:
- to communicate with people,
- attention from others,
- participation in public speaking,
- participation in crowded events and parties.
An extrovert can be an excellent toastmaster, an organizer (often on a voluntary basis), an official who manages people, an artist or an entertainer.
Introverts are characterized by behavior that is more associated with comfortable loneliness, inner reflections and experiences, creativity or observation of the process. An introvert can be an excellent scientist, researcher, observer, writer, or self-employed person. If an extrovert needs the presence of other people for comfort, then an introvert is comfortable working alone.
Over time, Jung significantly revised his views on extraversion-introversion. First, he singled out a number of independent factors (psychological functions) that he previously included in the composition of extraversion-introversion: thinking, feeling (experience), sensation, intuition. Secondly, starting with his programmatic work Psychological Types (1920), he spoke not of extroverts and introverts, but of the extraversion or introversion of the dominant function. That is, he wrote that one of the functions can dominate in the psyche of an individual person - extraverted or introverted thinking, feeling, sensation, intuition, while in the psyche there was a place for other functions that played an auxiliary role or were forced out into the unconscious.
Eysenck, borrowing these concepts from Jung, fills them with a slightly different content - for Eysenck, these concepts are the poles of the superfactor - a complex of correlated personality traits that is genetically determined. The typical Eysenck extrovert is sociable, optimistic, impulsive, has a wide circle of acquaintances and little control over emotions and feelings. On the contrary, the typical introvert is calm, shy, withdrawn from everyone except close people, plans his actions in advance, loves order in everything and keeps his feelings under strict control.
In psychiatry, the typology of Leonhard is widespread, who borrowed the earliest interpretation of this term according to Jung and rethought it: according to Leonhard, an extrovert is a weak-willed person subject to outside influence, an introvert is a strong-willed person. At the same time, Leonhard's typology is psychiatric, not psychological, and refers primarily to pathologies. If we are not talking about pathologies, then close to the interpretation of Leonhard (but not Jung) of this term are such terms of psychology as locus of control (internal and external), externalism and internalism (Akoff and Emery), etc.
The terms "extraversion" and "introversion" are also used in the Myers-Briggs typology, in socionics, in psychosophy, in the NEO-PI-R test and in a number of other modern questionnaires and diagnostic methods, where their interpretation has its own specifics.
At its core, introversion is a type of temperament. This is not at all like shyness or aloofness, it is not a pathology. In addition, this personality trait cannot be changed, even if you really want to. But you can teach to work with it, not against it.
The most important distinguishing feature of introverts lies in the source of energy: introverts draw energy from their inner world of ideas, emotions and impressions. They conserve energy. The outside world quickly puts them into a state of overexcitation, and they have an unpleasant feeling when something is “too much”. This can manifest itself in nervousness or, conversely, in apathy. In any case, they need to limit social contacts so as not to be completely devastated. However, introverts need to supplement their time alone with time out into the outside world, otherwise they may lose their sense of perspective and connection with other people. Introverts, who are able to balance energy needs, have resilience and perseverance, can look at things independently, focus deeply and work creatively.
What are the most characteristic qualities of extroverts? They are energized by the outside world - from actions, people, places and things. They are energy wasters. Long periods of inactivity, inner contemplation, or loneliness, or communication with only one person deprives them of the sense of the meaning of life. However, extroverts need to supplement the time they spend in action with intervals of just being, otherwise they will get lost in the whirlwind of hectic activity. Extroverts have a lot to offer our society: they express themselves easily, focus on results, love crowds and action.
Introverts are like a rechargeable electric battery. They need to periodically stop, stop wasting energy and rest in order to recharge again. It is the opportunity to recharge that provides introverts with a less exciting environment. In it, they restore energy. This is their natural ecological niche.
Extroverts are like solar panels. For them, being alone or being inside is like being under heavy, dense clouds. Solar panels need the sun to recharge - extroverts need to be in public for this. Like introversion, extroversion is a temperament with a constant pattern of action. It cannot be changed. You can work with her, but not against her.
Who is an introvert and what kind of occupation suits him
An introvert does not like noisy companies and prefers to spend time alone. We tell you what kind of personality type it is, what are its advantages and why modern psychologists try not to use this term
Who is an introvert
An introvert is a person who is focused on his inner world. He does not like crowds of people, prefers silence and a calm environment. In solitude, an introvert restores energy, and when communicating with people, it consumes it. This is the collective image of an introvert, although there is no unambiguous interpretation of the term "introvert": scientists from different schools interpret it differently.
Carl Jung was the first to propose the concepts of "extroversion" and "introversion" in the 1920s. In Psychological Types, he elaborated on how scientists before him tried to distinguish between sociable party-goers and shy stay-at-homes. And then he offered his own interpretation. In his opinion, the difference between them is in the direction of vital energy, libido. For introverts, this energy is directed inward, while for extroverts, it is directed outward. That is, the attention of extroverts is directed to the world around them and other people, while introverts, on the contrary, are immersed in themselves, their fantasies and introspection.
After Jung, Hans Eysenck took up the study of extraversion and introversion. In his opinion, introversion has several stable features: perseverance, rigidity, subjectivism, modesty, irritability. Introverts are shy, introspective, cold people. They love order, don't follow sudden impulses, and can be relied upon. Eysenck considered the parameter of extraversion/introversion to be one of the most important dimensions of personality, along with neuroticism and psychotism. Deriving his three-factor theory of personality, Eysenck put these three dimensions at the basis.
In the 1970s, based on the types identified by Jung, the Soviet-Lithuanian researcher Aushra Augustinavichute created her own typology of personality - socionics. According to it, people are divided into 16 types according to 4 parameters. One of these parameters is the introversion-extroversion scale. A similar division exists in the Myers-Briggs system. At the same time, both socionics and the Myers-Briggs system have features of pseudoscience.
The German psychiatrist Karl Leonhard distinguished between extroverts and introverts in terms of their attitude to information. According to his theory, an introvert is a strong-willed person with clear values. Thanks to them, a person is able to resist society and remain true to his point of view and principles. An extrovert according to Leonhard is a conformist. A weak-willed person subject to outside influence.
According to modern research, each of us has traits of both personality types. Psychologist and cognitive-behavioral psychotherapist Elizaveta Muratova told RBC Trends that modern psychologists prefer to avoid the terms "introvert" and "extrovert". These are too general terms. But there is still a division into personality types in modern psychology:
“In psychological and psychiatric practice, there are many models of personality typology. First of all, we are talking about how healthy a person is. Before typing a personality, you need to understand what state it is in. Even before choosing a typological model, we are talking about health, about the quality of a person,” says Muratova.
However, the term is still in use, and research into extraversion and introversion continues. For example, in 2011, introverts were divided into four types. This model was proposed by Jonathan Cheek, a psychologist and researcher at Wellesley College (USA). He called his model STAR, after the first letters of the types: social (social), thinking (thinking), anxious (anxious) and restrained (restrained).
Another recent study states that covert narcissists often assume the introvert role. Such people consider themselves hypersensitive, but behind this there is an unhealthy thirst for attention. Recognizing such a person is quite difficult. Covert narcissists appear humble and reserved, but their ultimate goal is to gain admiration and attention from those around them. This is a consequence of neuroticism, not introversion.
Signs of an introvert
American scientists have formulated a number of signs of a typical introvert:
- dislike for large companies and crowds of people;
- unwillingness to initiate acquaintances;
- ability to focus attention on 1-3 objects maximum;
- the tendency to delve deeply into the subject under study;
- the need for a clear plan of action;
- small social circle;
- rich imagination and lively internal dialogue;
- built relationships with yourself;
- intolerance to someone else's bad mood;
- propensity to work alone.
Differences between introverts and extroverts
Tendency to control or impulsiveness
According to Eysenck, the typical extrovert is a cheerful, carefree optimist who aims to make as many acquaintances as possible. Extroverts have impulsive, emotional reactions. Some people have a tendency to be aggressive. An extrovert has poor control over his actions, his focus is constantly shifting.
The opposite is true for an introvert. Eysenck describes the typical introvert as a calm, shy person. He often engages in introspection. In companies, he behaves aloofly, he shows warm feelings only to close people. Takes a long time to make decisions. It is important for an introvert to plan and think things through in advance. He does not act spontaneously and on emotions. An introvert controls his feelings, it is difficult to piss him off.
Search for positive emotions in different sources
Due to their isolation, introverts are often perceived as sad people who are sad more often than extroverts. Extroverts do experience more positive emotions than introverts. This is confirmed by researchers at the University of Minnesota. But, according to them, extroverts and introverts get these positive emotions from different sources.
Thus, the true goal of an extrovert is the attention of others. Therefore, he is ready to be more involved in communication. An extrovert doesn’t care what the contact will be, he is interested in the “reward” in the form of attention - this is what is fixed in the brain as positive emotions. And for introverts, the “reward” is expressed as contact. Because of this, introverts need less communication. “Therefore, they talk less, are less enthusiastic, and generally less purposeful,” says Colin DeYoung, a psychologist at the University of Minnesota, commenting on the differences in the brains of introverts and extroverts.
Why modern psychologists do not use the term "introversion"
In social terms, introversion and extraversion mean human behavior. Sociable people are called extroverts, and secretive and reserved people are called introverts. However, introverted behavior can be caused by various reasons, which means that the label “introvert” itself does not help us understand what is happening to a person and why he behaves in a certain way.
“Pop psychology says that the effect is determined by the cause. For example, if a woman paints her lips with red lipstick, she wants attention. However, in clinical practice, we always look at what task a person implements with such an action. We call someone an introvert, an unsociable, withdrawn person, when we observe a particular behavior. However, there can be many reasons for such behavior.
For example, there is a stereotype that introverts don't like people. In fact, communication can be a difficult or painful process. It can also be so important that it is scary to start it. Communication may be avoided by trauma survivors. These may be people with a low need for communication. They just don't want to interact, they don't see the point in it. An introvert can be mistaken for a person with low communication skills. Most often, we call people introverts or extroverts because of their behavior, but we don't know why. "
There is an opinion in society that extroverts work better than introverts in a team. But Elizaveta Muratova notes that the point is not in the type of personality, but in the needs of a person. “Almost in every resume you can see a mention of sociability and stress resistance. This is a matter of health, skills, not the type of personality,” says Muratova.
Advantages of introverts
If you continue to use the terms "introverts" and "extroverts", you can find some advantages for the former (despite the stereotype that extroverts are better placed in society).
The Yale University team says that introverts understand people much better than extroverts. After polling more than a thousand volunteers, experts said that introverts are "born psychologists." Introverts, according to research, may not like interacting with people as much as extroverts, but they will understand them better. Introverts observe and notice minor details. They understand the psychology of others much more clearly than extroverts.
“We see that introverts spend more time observing human nature and reactions than those who are busy socializing. They are also accurate in introspection because they have fewer biases,” said Yale psychologist and study co-author Anton Gollwitzer.
A 2008 study found that introverts take longer to process information than extroverts. However, the author of the book “Introvert Leader. How to succeed in a society dominated by extroverts” Jennifer Kahnweiler says that this is actually due to the thoughtfulness of introverts.
Economy in spending internal energy
Since introverts communicate less, they use less internal energy. This led scientists from the Canadian University of Calgary to suggest that the stereotypes that open and sociable people are happier than introverts are wrong. Other scientists from Canada and Australia confirm that extraversion comes at a cost of energy and time. Instead of spending these resources on getting and keeping other people's attention, introverts use them to focus and achieve goals.
Extroverts are more physically at risk than introverts. They are more likely to get into trouble, join a criminal organization, or be arrested. This is written by scientists from North Dakota and Baltimore, USA.
Other advantages of introverts
According to scientists, introverts:
- easily cope with routine, monotonous work, study;
- bring what they started to the end;
- observe discipline and regularity in business;
- effectively engage in self-education;
- analyze well and dive deep into the problem;
- make informed decisions;
- attentively listen to the interlocutor;
- take care of other people and their problems;
- have a high level of insight.
Professions for introverts
Perseverance, patience and an analytical approach to business enable introverts to work in the exact sciences, scientists from Iceland and America believe. An introvert is suitable for a profession that does not require constant communication with people. For example:
- Information security specialist. IT sphere is a godsend for an introvert. All work in the computer, colleagues too. Any problem or inconvenience can also be solved with the help of technology.
- Business analyst. He rarely interacts with colleagues in person. The main tasks are performed on the computer. It is possible to work from home.
- Accountant. Suitable for those who like to work with numbers, and also want to be able to change the scope of work. Accountants are needed both in the restaurant business and in cultural institutions.
- Software developer. One of the most common remote professions. Freelancers are often hired for this position. Comfortable for an introvert - you don’t need to go to the office with a large number of colleagues, unless you have to connect to online planning meetings.
- Virologist. Science loves focused, measured employees. Painstakingly analyzing samples and thoughtfully describing experiments is a calm, routine, but fascinating task for an introvert.
- Editor, proofreader. Monotonous work with text, which requires maximum attention and perseverance, and these are the strengths of an introvert.
- Sound engineer. Instead of communicating with people - recordings of their voices or music. The main thing is not to get a job on the radio, where the presenters speak live around the clock. It will be easier for an introvert if it is possible to pause the voice in the headphones and take a break.
- Video, photo editor. Another profession where the employee is alone with the material and tasks. Focus and a slight form of perfectionism are also important here in order to give the perfect shots.
- Restorer. This work calms the introvert. A monotonous long process that would surely piss off a typical extrovert.
- Trucker. Long trips alone with your thoughts are not for everyone. But this profession gives maximum opportunities to think and enjoy loneliness.
How an introvert can become a leader
Psychologist Elizaveta Muratova notes that personality typing is often used in business practice.
“We type people so that they occupy certain positions. Personal structure during life does not change dramatically, but can be somewhat adjusted. Personality type is how a person sees the world, what is important to him, what he gets physiological pleasure from. There are clearly paranoid people. Their main value is their own safety. They show themselves better in scrupulous work. The basic personal value of a person of the histrionic (hysterical) type is communication and seduction. What we call personality traits are, in fact, skills. When we talk about leadership qualities, we must understand that this is a whole complex of processes. For example, in a narcissistic person, leadership comes from the very structure of the personality. But other types of people are also interested in leadership and are able to exercise it.
Why introverts can be good leaders
It is believed that people tend to choose self-confident, charismatic people as leaders. But a Yale University team study says that an introvert in crisis situations outperforms an extrovert in a leadership position. The ability to deeply analyze what is happening and reflect after significant events allows the introvert to understand the situation in more detail. A few hours in silence, alone with your thoughts, will allow the introvert leader to understand what is happening and find the most effective solution.
According to a study by Brigham Young University (Utah, USA), students value tracking deadlines, providing feedback, and coordinating teamwork in a leader's work. Eloquence and charisma were much less frequently mentioned. “Those who take the time to pause and help others with their tasks are more likely to be seen as leaders,” said study co-author Cody Reeves.
Tips for introverts who want to become leaders
For those introverts who are interested in leadership positions, American scientists recommend:
- Talk more about your ideas, decisions, achievements. Introverts often remain in the background, even when the job is done perfectly. For this type of personality, the result is more important than the amount of attention drawn to the process and the performer. In addition, introverts, as a rule, are not motivated enough, they do not see a global goal in attracting the attention of others.
- To overcome isolation, but not to give up loneliness. More active participation in planning meetings and brainstorming sessions and even going out to lunch with colleagues can be a good career boost.