Use mnemonics in a sentence
Mnemonic Definition & Meaning - Merriam-Webster
1 of 2
: assisting or intended to assist memory
To distinguish "principal" from "principle" use the mnemonic aid "the principal is your pal."
also : of or relating to mnemonics
: of or relating to memory
2 of 2
: a mnemonic device or code
Did you know?
Need a mnemonic device to remember how to spell mnemonic? Although the word’s pronunciation begins with an n sound, the spelling begins with an m, as in memory. There are very few English words that start this way (mnestic and mnioid are two others), and as with similar Latin and Greek borrowings such as pneumonia, we retained the double initial consonant but not the pronunciation. In addition to its adjectival use, mnemonic is also a noun used to refer to a mnemonic device, such as the famous—or infamous—spelling dictum “I before E, except after C,” which isn't consistently helpful (just ask your neighbor to weigh in on it).
Noun HOMES is used as a mnemonic for the names of the Great Lakes: Huron, Ontario, Michigan, Erie, and Superior.
Recent Examples on the Web
The International Astronomical Union even formally recognizes the latter mnemonic device, while also pointing out the five dwarf planets that exist among the eight major ones. Clare Mulroy, USA TODAY, 12 Sep. 2022 The teaser uses music as both a source of emotional connection and as a mnemonic device. Robin Givhan, Washington Post, 26 July 2022 An easy way to remember migraine prevention techniques is through the mnemonic device SEEDS. Carly Vandergriendt, SELF, 19 May 2022 Its name is a mnemonic identify threats based on the following categories: Spoofing, Tampering, Repudiation, Information disclosure, Denial of service and Elevation of privilege. Barbara Cosgriff, Forbes, 6 May 2022 Restoring Indigenous place names restores mnemonic and spiritual connections among place, culture and ancestral knowledge. Bonnie Mcgill, Scientific American, 22 Apr. 2022 Utilizing a mnemonic learning device in her Earth Science course, Lusby-Brown incorporated visual, auditory and interactive components to teach her students about the different celestial bodies of the solar system. C.r. Walker, chicagotribune.com, 28 Feb. 2022 The strongest effect that the family has on Leda is mnemonic: seeing young mothers with young daughters sparks remembrances of her own earlier years, nearly two decades ago, when her two daughters (now in their twenties) were small children. Richard Brody, The New Yorker, 3 Jan. 2022 Use mnemonic devices to aid in the active recall for easy application of the new mental models. Jedidiah Alex Koh, Forbes, 5 Nov. 2021
Eyüp sat in front of me, framed against a background of flower sellers and A.T.M.s, a mnemonic in the flesh. New York Times, 12 May 2022 Not only was the whine agitating—EHHNNNNNNNN—but its constant drone was like a cruel mnemonic for everything that bothered him. Bianca Bosker, The Atlantic, 8 Oct. 2019 The mnemonic that emergency room doctors use to quickly evaluate patients is A.B.C. — airway, breathing, circulation. New York Times, 9 Aug. 2019 This mnemonic may unwittingly exploit the fact that the hippocampus encodes both location information and autobiographical memories. Quanta Magazine, 7 Oct. 2014 Another hint that websites can offer is what Dr. Juang calls a visual mnemonic—a simple drawing that suggests to the user what their passphrase is. Henry Williams, WSJ, 18 Sep. 2018 Which seems to me like the ultimate takeaway: Google doesn't need to engineer mnemonics into its 2FA codes. Robbie Gonzalez, WIRED, 21 Apr. 2018 Earl helped her fellow students break down the biological processes into mnemonics that would help them remember. Karen Herzog, Milwaukee Journal Sentinel, 16 Jan. 2018 But Bai/bye is a nifty mnemonic, deftly associating the brand’s name with a memorable tune. Seth Stevenson, Slate Magazine, 6 Feb. 2017 See More
These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'mnemonic.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors. Send us feedback.
Adjective and Noun
Greek mnēmonikos, from mnēmōn mindful, from mimnēskesthai to remember — more at mind
First Known Use
1672, in the meaning defined at sense 1
1842, in the meaning defined above
The first known use of mnemonic was in 1672
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Cite this Entry
“Mnemonic. ” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/mnemonic. Accessed 18 Nov. 2022.
: assisting or intended to assist memory
mnemonic 1 of 2
: assisting or intended to assist memory
also : of or relating to mnemonics
: of or relating to memory
2 of 2
: a mnemonic device or code
More from Merriam-Webster onmnemonic
Nglish: Translation of mnemonic for Spanish Speakers
Britannica. com: Encyclopedia article about mnemonic
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Mnemonic in a sentence (esp. good sentence like quote, proverb...)
1, A COBOL mnemonic name associated with the console typewriter.
2, 'MACRO' is a mnemonic for the five main techniques:Memory, Aims, Concentration, Review and Organization.
3, The incense is a perfect mnemonic for Zanzibar.
4, He talked about the effective use of time, mnemonic tricks, and various kinds of tests.
5, Choosing effective passwords can be mnemonic devices.
6, The mnemonic representation is useful for manual analysis.
7, COBOL mnemonic name associated with the console typewriter.
8, There may even be a mnemonic for all this.
9, As a visual mnemonic of a function,(sentencedict.com) butcons are excellent.
10, An assembler language programmer writes one mnemonic instruction for each machine - level instruction.
11, Assembler: A programming language in which one mnemonic source statement is coded for each machine - level instruction .
12, These elements serve as a visual mnemonic across all of NPN's branding elements, from logo and packaging to website and athlete sponsorship materials.
13, The most common use of typedefs is creating mnemonic type names that document the programmer's intention.
14, This mnemonic is used as prefix for all the interface methods.
15, Assemble language: A programming language in which one mnemonic source statement is coded for each machine-level instruction.
16, My mnemonic system failed me. What do you want me to say?
17, The broad role of disassembly is to create mnemonic representation of binary code.
18, The programmer writes one mnemonic ( memory - aiding ) instruction for each machine - level instruction.
19, A handy mnemonic I learned from a club in New Zealand was: Commend , Recommend,(http://sentencedict.com/mnemonic.html) Commend.
20, octa reserves quadword values (the mnemonic is a holdover from 16-bit days).
21, The musical notes on the lines go EGBDF - use the mnemonic 'every good boy deserves fun'.
22, The verb patterns are shown in this dictionary by mnemonic codes.
23, Long before going solo the student should have learned the mnemonic by heart.
24, Note: Underscore in the label name is used as mnemonic identifier in menu.
25, If this sentence sounds a little vague, that's because it's actually a mnemonic code.
26, The syntax for specifying a single hexadecimal value is mnemonic where NN is a hexadecimal digit in the range 00 to FF.
27, Description The number of operands given to some machine instruction mnemonic does not match the number of operands required by that instruction.
28, The assembler program performs a translation process – converting the mnemonic instruction names and variable names into the correct bits.
29, The verb pattern is shown in this dictionary by mnemonic codes.
30, The preprocessing of a character includes checking whether the character is a mnemonic of another control.
TOP 25 mnemonics techniques for adults and children
Mnemonics techniques are an algorithm for memorizing certain information. There are a lot of techniques that help to retain almost immense amounts of information in the head. We will present only the most popular and effective methods of mnemonics, proven in practice.
1. What are mnemonics techniques?
2. Fluent reading is the basis for getting information quickly
3. Basic methods of mnemonics
4. Mnemonics for children
5. Techniques of mnemonics in Russian language lessons
6. Techniques of mnemonics for schoolchildren
7. How is mnemonics used in English lessons?
8. Mnemonics in psychology
9. Frequently asked questions about mnemonics techniques
What are mnemonics techniques?
Mnemonics is a useful skill that allows you to memorize various information in the shortest possible time with the ability to accurately reproduce it over time. It can be used both for fixing data in short-term memory, for example, before making a presentation, and for long-term memorization, for example, when learning languages. Mnemonics greatly simplifies the learning process, and also makes it more interesting than classical memorization. Mnemonics techniques are useful not only for memorizing information at school or university, but also useful in everyday life: remembering shopping lists, phone numbers. The use of mnemonics develops the brain, increases intellectual abilities. It can be used at any age, even in preschoolers.
Reading fluently is the basis for getting information quickly
Oh, stop, stop. Before you start reading about the basic techniques of mnemonics (or immediately after them, but be sure) check your reading speed. Without exaggeration, we can say that this is the cornerstone at the beginning of any training in speed reading techniques. You can do it here: http://bukva.info/rapid/. The tool is fast and simple: read the text, answer the questions, get a certificate with a real reading speed, share it with your friends.
If you want to immerse yourself in this topic a little more intensively, you can read our blog, study workbooks for self-development of the basics of speed reading in adults and children, or learn more about booknot - a notebook for conscious reading.
Basic techniques of mnemonics
Numbers through letters
Remembering phone numbers, digital passwords and other combinations of numbers is always a big problem. However, there is a technique in which a certain consonant letter is assigned to each digit.
Memorization occurs as follows:
The essence of the technique is that each figure is assigned a certain number of images. It is advisable to make 3-4 hangers and learn them well. Then any combination of numbers will be presented as a story, and it will not be difficult to remember it.
Numbers through images
Here, each number is also assigned an object, but it should resemble a figure in shape. For example, for 0, you can use a bagel or a ball. Combinations are memorized by the method of compiling stories, as in the previous method. The advantage of remembering numbers through images associated with the form is that the association is easier to perceive by the brain.
Small combinations are memorized by making stories in which each word will equal a number by the number of letters. The mnemonic system is inconvenient because it can take a long time to mentally count the letters in a word, so the technique is used only to memorize combinations of small numbers.
Many people find it difficult to remember the names of strangers. There are two main methods of mnemonics:
Association with a famous person. As a rule, remembering a famous person with the same name as a new acquaintance is not difficult. To consolidate the result, you can find a common feature between them and create a more logical association.
Selection of modifications. To remember the name of a person, you can think of many variations of his name and mentally call a new acquaintance each of them. After that, it will be difficult to forget how to address it.
The technique is suitable for learning foreign languages. It is based on the fact that in every language there are words that are phonetically consonant, but distinct in meaning. Memorizing new vocabulary, you can create a number of associations, thanks to which the word will gradually become perceived as native.
Interaction of sensations
This technique also helps to learn a foreign language. It is quite effective and in the age of the Internet it is quite easy to use. You don't have to associate new words or come up with codes. It's just that each new word should be directed to the right object. Memorizing the word "window" - look at it. Memorizing the word "behemoth" - drive it into a search engine and look at the photos of the animal.
In order to remember, and most importantly, to recognize a person at a new meeting after a recent acquaintance, one should show maximum interest in him in the process of communication. Appearance helps to remember finding a distinctive feature, unfortunately, most often it is negative. For example, a large nose or deep-set eyes.
Such techniques are widely used even in higher educational institutions. With the help of rhymed poems, you can memorize huge blocks of information that are difficult to perceive. The most famous object that is remembered through rhymes is the number Pi.
This technique has been used in our lives constantly, since childhood. Any word or concept has a pair similar in meaning or sound. Using these pairs or even chains, you can compose huge layers of information.
Mnemonics for children
You can start teaching a child as early as 3-4 years old, using specially designed mnemonics techniques. For children, the following exercises are used, which must be completed in sequence:
Mnemonic squares. Using pictures with a simple image that a child can understand. A picture can mean one object (concept) or several. With the help of pictures, you can replenish the vocabulary of the child, teach him some simple actions of everyday life.
Mnemonic tracks. Several pictures that represent the correct sequence of an action or event. For example, the change of seasons, the process from waking up to leaving the house (making the bed, washing, brushing teeth, eating breakfast, getting dressed) and so on.
Mnemo tables. They are several pictures put together: from 4 to 9, which encrypt poems for children, fairy tales, teaching stories and more.
Remember that the images on the cards should be bright, large, simple and understandable for the child. You need to take into account age, vocabulary. If a child does not understand some concept in the picture, it is not recommended to use it for mnemonics.
Methods of mnemonics at Russian language lessons
A variety of mnemonics techniques are used in Russian language lessons. Almost all known techniques are based on the formation of interesting poems or catchy phrases. For example, "-something, -or, -something - do not forget to put a hyphen" - a well-known phrase for remembering the rule. Such already formed techniques can be found on the Internet using the following information:
For any rule, block of words or exceptions, you can create your own mnemonic cheat sheet. Over time, the information will fit in your head and will pop up automatically.
Methods of mnemonics for schoolchildren
Mnemonics is indispensable for a student, as it helps to memorize a variety of information. Examples of mnemonics techniques that are often used by schoolchildren:
Learning languages. Memorizing various rules with the help of associative series and creating interesting stories with exception words. The use of phonetic similarity of words in different languages and more.
Date memory Instead of memorizing dates for different historical events, you can use an alphanumeric code and come up with an interesting, non-standard sentence for each date that will stick in your memory.
Memorization of definitions and theoretical information. Key words can be encrypted into associative, semantic links. The Roman room method is good for memorizing large blocks of information.
Memorization of formulas. You can use almost any technique you like. The main thing is to form unusual figurative ligaments that are securely fixed in memory.
In addition, on the Internet you can find a lot of ready-made memos for almost every school subject. For example, the most famous theorem in geometry: "Pythagorean pants are equal on all sides. "
Mnemonics in English lessons
Mnemonics in learning English are used to a greater extent for memorizing various words. There are already developed semantic series that make it easier to memorize, for example, irregular or phrasal verbs. Such memoirs are offered by teachers at English lessons, printed in textbooks.
However, the techniques of mnemonics can be used independently to learn new vocabulary by developing your own links and figurative associations. Common examples:
Using reference images in an imaginary room to memorize English words.
Application of the phonetic similarity technique. It is necessary not only to remember a word similar in pronunciation, but also to create a working semantic connection.
Create stories from unrelated words using their meanings.
Representation of a bright image of a learned word without looping in Russian translation.
Mnemonics in psychology
Psychologists are constantly trying to study the principles of how memory works, conducting various experiments and research. The techniques of mnemonics were developed on the basis of the results of such an active study of memorization. As part of the official human psychology, mnemonics continues to improve and improve. Clinical studies prove its effectiveness. The technique is based on proven memorization properties, which is why it is becoming more and more popular in the modern world.
📖 Frequently asked questions about mnemonics techniques
📕 Only adults can master mnemonics techniques?
One of the biggest misconceptions about mnemonics is that they are designed for adults. This is not true. Since, in fact, mnemonics is associated thinking, which is also inherent in children, then mnemonics in childhood is handled no worse than in adults.
📗 Where can I read more about mnemonics?
We have a separate section dedicated to memory on our Read Fast website. One of the most popular articles in this section is “Mnemonics: examples, exercises, techniques. What is it all about?" Here you can get acquainted with the basics of mnemonics and immerse yourself in the enchanting world of training your own memory.
📘 How fluent reading is related to the basic techniques of mnemonics
Fluent reading is, in fact, the foundation on which everything is built. The rate of absorption of information determines how much new knowledge you will need to structure using the same mnemonics. You can check your reading speed and awareness on our website. After all, immerse yourself in the enchanting world of self-development of these skills with the help of our study books.
📙 What is this method of mnemonics "System Shed"?
Small combinations are memorized by making up stories in which each word will equal a number by the number of letters. Read more in our article about mnemonics techniques.
Mnemonics, or How to subdue your memory | Media Portal
Teacher of the course of mnemonics, 4th year student of IPiO Nelly Meshcheryakova assures that you can develop your memory quite quickly.
Nelly Meshcheryakova, a mnemonics course teacher, 4th year student of IPiO, assures that you can develop your memory quite quickly and at any age.
At least once, but each of us forgot where he left his car keys, did not remember the birthday of his closest relatives and friends or the phone number of a colleague in time. According to psychologists, between the ages of 40 and 65, people experience a persistent decline in memory, and in fact its development and maintenance in the right form is one of the remedies against Alzheimer's disease. Why are there adults - because of poor memory, children lose interest in learning.
Lecturer of the course of mnemonics at the educational center for schoolchildren "Unium", 4th year student of IPiO Nelly Meshcheryakova assures that you can develop your memory quite quickly and at any age. And then you will not only learn entire lectures on an unloved subject, but even master several languages.
« We are used to writing down any information in electronic or notebooks. But you can put it in your brain. Then we will not depend on the batteries in the phone or the Internet in the tablet. And mnemonics will help with this.
Mnemonics - a set of rules and techniques that facilitate the process of memorizing information. That is, mnemonics turn numbers and letters into vivid images that literally cut into our memory.”
Why do we need mnemonics? In order not to memorize, but quickly and with pleasure memorize phone numbers, bank cards, names and dates of birth of friends and acquaintances, information on study and work, foreign words, sequences of words (for example, a list of products) or even entire texts.
KD Ushinsky wrote: “Teach a child some five words unknown to him - he will suffer for a long time and in vain, but connect twenty such words with pictures, and he will learn them on the fly” .
“Speech therapists have long used mnemonics in their work: for each word or small phrase, a picture is invented and sketched or displayed, and the entire text is thus sketched schematically. Looking at these diagrams-drawings, the child easily reproduces textual information,” Nelli commented.
In addition, mnemonics helps in the development of connected speech, associative thinking; visual and auditory memory, visual and auditory attention, imagination. In a word, mnemonics can greatly simplify life if you know how to use it.
You might think that mnemonics appeared recently, but it has existed for several millennia, surrounds us everywhere, and we have used its methods in practice more than once. So, in mnemonics, the compilation of phrases for memorization is quite widespread. The most famous among them is "Every hunter wants to know where the pheasant sits." It "encodes" the colors of the rainbow: each starts with the same letter as the word in the phrase. The phrase about the order of the planets works in a similar way: “You can fly beyond Mars by making a jewelry turn near our planet.” Or the order of cases "Ivan gave birth to a girl ..."
« Mnemonics includes a set of tricks and methods for easy memorization. Mnemonic memorization consists of four stages: coding into images, memorization (combining two images), sequence memorization and fixing in memory. But the foundation of mnemonics is associations, so the key to success in memorization is to learn how to create correct and “strong” associations. Only then can we move on.”
Consider the most important principles of mnemonics. Developed memory is based on two main factors - imagination and association. In order to memorize something new, you need to correlate this new thing with something, that is, make an associative connection with some already known factor, calling on your imagination to help. An association is a mental connection between two images. The more diverse and numerous the associations, the more firmly they are fixed in memory. Strange, illogical associations contribute to better memorization.
Nelly shared five rules for creating a "correct" association:
1. Association is the first thing that comes to your mind. It is necessary to create an image in your head that will evoke another in your memory and help you remember the information you need. The created association will become a hook when memorizing new information.
(pictured - Nelly Meshcheryakova)
2. The association must be illogical and absurd. The more unusual a situation you create, the more it burrows into your brain. I repeat, the image is at the head of everything. If you can create an image of an object in your head, then you are already halfway to success.
3. Images must be large, voluminous, colored, detailed. Turn on all your senses to visualize the picture as vividly as possible.
4. The association must be funny - let this be the first thing that comes to your mind.
5. The association should be only about yourself, because only what happens to you arouses the strongest interest and therefore is better remembered. When you read a paragraph on history and imagine yourself conquering Rome, then you will definitely remember more facts from this text.
To memorize the rule effectively, you need to set the created association in motion. "Movement" helps to vividly present the image. It makes the process of memorization not only simple, but also interesting.
« For example, you need to remember two words: "cavalry" and "attic". You imagine that you go up to the attic and see cavalry there - horses with long bangs are standing, and warriors are sitting on them. They have their heads down to their chests because they don't fit in your tiny attic. You look at them and think: I came here for jam, but what did they forget here? And they answer you: “Exactly - what have we forgotten here?” - and fly out the window. And the jam flies after them, and you bitterly regret it. Having applied all the rules for building the right association, the brain firmly remembered these two words.
Which mnemonics methods to use depends on what you want to achieve: learn to memorize numbers, words, facts or learn a foreign language.
“There are no universal methods for developing memory. But there are a few tricks that everyone can practice every day.”
Nelly's mnemonics techniques:
"Chain" is one of the basic techniques for memorizing a certain number of items. The method is simple: imagine a bright image, and then glue it with the next one. The images are connected in association in pairs. The sizes of the images are approximately the same in each pair. When you have formed a connection between the first and second image, the first image is removed from consciousness by transferring attention to the second. After that, a relationship is formed between the second and third images, and so on. When a chain of images is remembered, three to five images appear in consciousness at once.
Let's say you need to buy cheese, powder and a light bulb in a store. Introducing a huge package of powder. A light bulb flies into it and white powder scatters across the plank floor. Cheese is strung on a light bulb ... and so a whole tower is built. Glues should be as effective as possible. They say that this way you can remember a list of at least a hundred items. What you really need to go to the store.
Reception "Matryoshka" . Experts say that it serves as the most optimal way of mnemonics. It is based on the combination of images in pairs, and the previous appearance of the association must always be greater than the next, that is, the impression is necessary that the first type of word includes the one following it. After their connection, it disappears from consciousness, the main image becomes the subsequent one, which mentally increases, and an association is created between words standing one after another. So, the images are constantly being introduced into each other, like a “matryoshka”. A classic example of this action, when it is necessary to connect two seemingly incompatible images, is “beauty and the beast”.
Hanger method is suitable for memorizing numbers. For each number, you need to come up with several associations or “hanger” words: 0 - bagel, 1 - stake, 2 - swan, 4 - chair, 8 - snowman ... You can pick up rhyming words: zero - salt, two - owl ... We replace figures with pictures and come up with a coherent story. Voila - the phone number was stored in memory for a long time.
Cicero method. According to legend, Cicero, when preparing for his speeches, walked and mentally placed important points of his speech everywhere. Then, remembering the situation at home, he remembered the key phrases.
This method will help you memorize words in English class, sequence of events in history lessons, new concepts in biology and chemistry lessons. Any subject can be used. Everyone regularly sees the same visual images. These are items in the apartment, office. These are objects on the street you often walk on, at home, at work, in the classroom. So, you choose 10 items that you will use for memorization. After that, for each subject, come up with a subject for memorization. And an association with it. For example, you take a word in English and think of how it is related to a flower on the windowsill.
What if you urgently need to memorize a few foreign words?
" With the help of mnemonics, it's possible to learn hundreds of English words in one day" , Nelli assures.
For example, we need to remember the word "pillow" - a pillow. We select a sound association - "fish-saw". We connect the pillow and the sawfish. And we come up with a story: a pillow maniac comes to you with a sawfish and starts sawing your pillow with a terribly unpleasant “peeeee” sound. Feathers scatter in different directions - otherwise it was a gift from your beloved grandmother and you are terribly sorry for her.
So, by applying the rules for constructing an association, we memorized an English word. To reproduce this story in memory, you only need 3 seconds. And when you hear the word "pillow" ("pillow") - you will remember the combination "fish-saw", and it will hook the word "pillow" out of memory.
If we turn to theory, then three types of associations are used in mnemonics: sound (pillow-saw), semantic (cavalry and attic) and visual. The latter is used in elementary school lessons.
« Difficult to write, dictionary words are represented graphically: for example, the word "cassette" can be drawn as a cassette, in the holes of which two letters "C" are hidden.
There are many examples of visual association: in the word "weather" instead of the letter "o" you can draw the sun. Unverifiable "o" in the words "carrot", "cucumber", "crow", "milk" can be remembered by drawing a crow with earrings in the form of two "o" or a bottle of milk with three rings thrown over it. The drawn carrot twists two hoops around the waist, and the cucumber drives the hoop in front of him. Now the spelling of these words will remain in the memory forever. Even the rules can be drawn. For example, the rule “The particle “not” with verbs is written separately” can be depicted as a football player-verb hitting the ball-particle.
And if you need to remember some dates, then you can use image numbers that you can string like beads on the thread of your memory. For example, the year of the capture of Kazan by Ivan the Terrible (1552) is depicted as follows: one - in the form of a spear, five - stars sparkling on the helmets of Russian soldiers, two - a swan flying from the Syuyumbike tower. To make the date even better in memory, you can make a proposal from the names invented for the numbers of the drawings. The funnier it is, the better the desired date will be remembered.
The difference between mnemonics and cramming is that in the second case, a person reads and then repeats many times, memorizing in this way. And thanks to mnemonics, information is remembered immediately, but then it needs to be repeated following a certain algorithm.
« In mnemonics, as in any other skill, it is important to practice regularly. After all, memory is a muscle that must always be kept in good shape. I recommend exercising regularly. Over time, this will become a habit, and you will no longer be able to remember differently, as you did before. I immediately tell my students that it is better not to expect miracles. To get the desired result, you need to work hard" .
" If you want to get acquainted with the theory in more detail, I recommend reading the "Textbook of mnemonics" by Kozarenko V.A. There are many exercises in the book "Memory. Training memory and concentration techniques", its author is R. Geisselhart. Study mnemonics can also be based on the books "The First 20 Hours" by George Kaufman and "Super Memory" by Tony Buzan.