Family valiues tree

How to Make a Family Tree Chart

Reading time: about 7 min

In 1977, the American Broadcasting Company (ABC) gambled that a 12-hour miniseries based on Alex Haley’s best-selling novel, “Roots,” would be of interest to the general American audience. In an unprecedented move, ABC scheduled the series to be broadcasted over eight consecutive nights.

The gamble paid off as roughly half of the Americans alive in 1977 watched at least part of the series. 

The “Roots” miniseries was a cultural phenomenon that influenced millions of viewers to research their own roots. While writing the book, Haley conducted genealogy research at the National Archive, and after the series aired, letters to the National Archive tripled and applications to use the facilities increased by 40%. Use the steps below to learn how to draw your own family tree (or get started faster with customizable templates from Lucidchart).

If you are interested in your own family history, a good place to start is to create a family tree.

Family Tree Chart (Click on image to modify online)

What is a family tree?

A family tree is a visual representation of a person’s lineage, tracing relationships to common ancestors. Visually similar to an org chart, this diagram is usually presented in a tree structure starting with one individual as the root. From the root, lines representing branches terminate in boxes representing leaves. Each leaf represents individual family members with information such as birth, marriage, and death dates. 

A family tree diagram or genealogy chart makes it easy to record the people, places, and events that make up your family history and then share it with others. 

Why create a family tree?

If you are interested in your ancestry or you would like to gain some insight into who you are and where you came from, you may want to create a genealogy chart.

There are many reasons to make your own family trees:

  • It gives you a connection to your heritage.
  • It can help you trace genetics and family health concerns.
  • It is a good exercise for learning your family history in relation to historical events.
  • It is a good way to pique your children’s interest so they will want to learn about ancestors and preserve family stories.
  • It can be fun!

How to draw a family tree chart

A family tree can be as simple or as detailed as you want it to be. 

A simple genealogy chart may include you, your parents, your grandparents, and your great-grandparents. A more detailed family tree chart may include you, your parents, your siblings, aunts and uncles, cousins, and so on.

How far back you go and who you include is up to you.

Getting started

Before jumping in and drawing your family tree, do a little planning. For example, ask yourself:

  • How far do you want to go back? 
  • Is there somebody in your family who already has this information to give you a starting point? 
  • What type of information do you want to include on each leaf (births, marriages, deaths)?
  • Do you want to add pictures of your ancestors to each leaf? Where can you find these pictures?

Also, consider which direction you will draw the tree. In nature, trees grow from the ground to the sky, but family trees can develop from the bottom up, the top down, or horizontally on paper or the computer screen. Look at some examples of family trees to help you decide how your tree will be drawn.

There is not a single family tree definition that dictates what has to be included or what the family tree should look like. But note that if you simply want to chart relationships without digging too deeply, you may want to draw a simple kinship diagram instead. Kinship diagrams use basic symbols, lines, and letters to represent relationships to help you visualize your lineage.

Kinship Diagram Template (Click on image to modify online)

1. Gather information about your family

To create your family tree chart, start with some research. Write down what you know, ask family members to fill in the gaps, and find pictures and documents. Visit libraries and online genealogy sources to search for census records, news stories, land deeds, and other documents that can verify your ancestry.

Remember that you can only go back so far because of the limited availability of reliable records. You may have heard of some people saying that they have traced their lineage all the way to Adam and Eve. But in reality, it is very hard to find accurate records older than a few hundred years because many records have been destroyed in fires, floods, acts of war, and simple negligence. Some areas of the world were better at keeping and preserving records than others, so how far you can go back will depend on where your family came from. Most family tree outlines trace ancestry back three or four generations because of the limited information.

2. Draft a family tree outline

Compile all of the information you have and create an outline. Start mapping relationships from yourself to your ancestors, or start with the oldest ancestor you know about and trace them forward to you.

You can draw your family tree freehand using pen and paper or create a family tree online using Lucidchart and our family tree diagram maker. Through this visual workspace, you can select a family tree template online and modify it with a few simple clicks. Quickly populate your family tree by importing data from spreadsheets like Excel or Google Sheets, so you can visualize your tree automatically.

Family Tree - Basic Genealogy (Click on image to modify online)Genealogy Chart Example (Click on image to modify online)Family Tree - Bowtie Genealogy (Click on image to modify online)

3. Add information to each leaf

Each family member will be represented by a shape connected by lines to represent relationships. Typically a box or rectangle is used to represent your relatives, but you can use any shape that you want to use. Each shape is a leaf on the tree. The shape you decide to use as leaves should be consistent and sized to include the information that you plan to put on your family tree chart. 

Place pictures, important event dates, and any other information you want to include in your leaf. As you put together this information, we would recommend a few additional guidelines:

Make it simple

If you want your family tree diagram to be useful to other members of your family, keep it simple so the information can be easily scanned and digested. Try to have each level of the tree represent a single generation so it is easy to trace relationships.

Don’t air your family’s dirty laundry

Who is going to be looking at this family tree diagram? There may be some family secrets that are not known to all living family members, so try to be sensitive about adding information that may not be too welcome to some of your relatives.

Follow these tips for formatting: 

  • Write surnames in capital letters to easily distinguish last names from first and middle names.
  • If you know middle names, spell them out.
  • Write dates as day/month/full year, with the month abbreviated for clarity and consistency across international records. 

4. Distribute your family tree diagram

This is the fun part—once you have finished your genealogy chart or family tree diagram, share it with your family members and give them a chance to reflect on their genealogy or learn new family stories. You can also invite them to provide additional information.

If you have created your family tree diagram online with Lucidchart, click “Share” to give family members access to collaborate on the visual with you or export your family tree to a number of file formats.

Discover your family history with Lucidchart

Use Lucidchart to easily make a free family tree chart. No matter what time zone your family members reside in, everybody with permission to share and edit the document can open it, add notes, and modify or make corrections at the same time. It’s a good way to bring your family closer without being in the same physical location.

Sign up for a free account to start visually tracking your family history.

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Types and functions of the family, roles of each family member and the family as a whole, relationships- the family tree, Family values Exam Lessons

A family can be defined as a group of persons who live together and are united by ties of marriage, blood or adoption. Family members are each other’s kin.

The family is the basic unit of any society. It is very essential to the nation as the nation consist of individuals from different families. Socialization also begins from the family.

  1. Nuclear family or monogamous  family- This type of family is made up of the man, his wife and their children.

2. Polygamous family – This type of family is made of the man, his wives and their children.

3. The extended family. This type consists of the father, the mother (mothers), the children and other relatives like uncles, aunts, nephew, grandparents etc. The oldest member becomes the head of the extended family. This type of family is common in Nigeria.

Roles/Functions of the Family

  1. Procreation or child bearing
  2. Manifest love to its members
  3. Provision of food, shelter and clothing for its members
  4. Transmits culture and norms from its members to the society
  5. Socialization of its members
  6. Companionship: family members share experiences.
  7. Personal security and acceptance: people feel more protected within their families than outside.

Roles of each family member and the family as a whole

Each family member has a specific function to perform. These roles include:

Roles of the father:

  1. Provides basic needs such as money for food, clothing, shelter, education, medical treatment etc.

2.    Maintains discipline in the home

3. Shows love and maintain peace

4.  A role model in the family

5.  The head of the home

6.  Protects family members

7. Teaches his children the culture of the society.

8. Breadwinner of the family.

9.  Performs his civic right and responsibilities such as paying of tax, obeying the law of the society.

Roles of the Mother:

  1. Prepares food for the member
  2. cares for the home
  3. Bears and nurture children
  4. Shows love to her husband and children
  5. helps in buying  and maintaining family clothing
  6. Teaches the children home making skill and other functional skills
  7. She is the home maker in  the family
  8. She acts as a model for her daughters
  9. She takes care of the simple in of the family.
  10. She performs her civic right and responsibilities.

 Roles of the Children:

  1. Respect and obey their parents and other adults in the society.
  2. Help in carrying out domestic chores and errands in the home e.g. cleaning the house, washing plates, caring for younger ones, fetching water.
  3. Learn the culture of the society.
  4. Give unity and stability to the home
  5. Bears the family’s name
  6. Perform their civic rights and responsibilities.


  1. Give 2 definitions of family
  2. Mention 5 functions of the family
  3. State 3 types of family and explain each of them
  4. Identify each role of the family member.

Sub-Topic 2: Relationships- the family tree, Family values. Family relationship or kinship pattern is the link or connection between one family member and the other. There are certain terms that are used to describe these connections.

They include the following:                        

Title                                                              Relationship    

Parents                                                            Father and Mother

Siblings                                                           Brothers and Sisters

Aunts                                                               Father’s/Mother’s sister

Uncle                                                               Father’s/Mother’s sister Brother

Nephew                                                           Brother’s/Sister’s son 

Niece                                                               Brother’s/Sister’s daughter

Grandparent                                                    Parent’s parent

Grand children                                                A person’s children’s children

First Cousins                                                   Uncle’s or aunt’s child

Great grand-parents                                         Grandparents of parents

Great grand children                                        a person’s grand children’s children.

Family Tree

A family tree is a graph or diagram that shows the kinship pattern of a family. It shows how the family members relate to each other.

Family values

Value means the worth of an item

Values are beliefs, feelings and idea about what is important. They are based on ideas about what is right, good and desirable. Values cannot be seen, they are only reflected in our actions. They can be positive or negative. Examples of positive values are: freedom, courtesy, good health, orderliness, friendship, leisure, love, patience, respect, tolerance, compassion, fairness, trust, honesty, etc. Examples of negative values are: dishonesty, envy, falsehood, selfishness, corruption, and so on.

Value System- This is a set of values that a person or group of people have.

Family values – These are the beliefs, feeling, and ideas about what the family esteem as important to the family. A family values could be uprightness, respect, diligence, education, high moral stance, trustworthiness etc

Importance of family values system

  1. It helps to control behaviour of family members
    1. It helps the family to make decisions
    1. Provides confidence and strength
    1. Provides motivation for action.


  1. What is kinship pattern?
    1. Define family tree

3.   What is value system?               

4.   Your aunt’s son or daughter is your …………………….


Workbook on Home Economics New Concept for Nigeria Jnr. Sec. Schools Bk.1 (ps.30-31).


Draw  your own family tree mentioning names of each member of  your family

8. "Tree of family values". 100 Best Games and Exercises for Successful Marriage and Happy Parenthood


• stimulate reflection on family values ​​and discussion within the family about their importance;

• evoke an understanding of the uniqueness of each family among other family unions, a sense of pride from belonging to it;

• playfully emphasize the idea that every family is association of personalities with different characters, values, interests and demands.

Group size : does not matter.

Materials and equipment : sheets with materials for the exercise for each participant, drawing paper, pencils, erasers, paints, brushes.

Time : 45-90 minutes.

Meeting progress

The trainer distributes the “Materials for the exercise” to the participants and asks them to familiarize themselves with them. nine0005

Exercise materials

A family is an association of several individuals, each of which has its own basic values ​​in life. Often, it is precisely the misunderstanding of what is important for another that becomes a source of conflict, destroys the family hearth. Thus, values ​​are those ideals that in family life are transformed into the most prosaic actions, ordinary reactions. They "lead" us throughout the day, manifesting themselves in the most ordinary, it would seem, situations. nine0005

The conflict between the principles and the acquired values ​​of different family members leads to quarrels, dissatisfaction with family life, to serious crises in communication, in mutual understanding, in violation of expectations from a partner, to blurring the line and confusion in the performance of family roles ...

You are offered a list of values ​​that people tend to point out in family training as important for living together. Please review the list. If necessary, supplement it with your own examples. nine0005

List of valuables:

• existence of common interests;

• Mutual respect for family members;

• love;

• devotion;

• maintaining the independence and autonomy of family members;

• material well-being;

• national solidity;

• well-being of the family in the eyes of others;

• discipline and clarity; nine0005

• fulfillment by all members of the family of their duties;

• spending free time together;

• "open house" - for friends, relatives, colleagues;

• many children;

• good health;

• cooperation between family members;

• indisputable authority of parents;

• trust;

• Mutual Aid…

After everyone has read the “Materials…” and worked on compiling a list of family values, the trainer asks to make a priority scale: to determine which values ​​the training participants consider to be basic, which are less significant, and which are generally on the periphery.

In conclusion, the trainer suggests:

- Please draw a big tree on a piece of paper. This is the Tree of Family Values. Depict it in such a way that your basic, most fundamental values ​​become the roots, the trunk is made up of those values ​​that are less important, in your opinion. Well, in place of the branches - those values ​​​​that are important, but not so important for you. nine0005

Group discussion questions

• What conclusions could you draw after completing your work on the Family Values ​​Tree?

• What would the Tree look like if other members of your family depicted it?

Family values ​​- what is it, what are, concept, list, classification, definition, types

If you ask any passer-by on the street what is included in this concept, everyone will surely answer - love, mutual understanding, respect, reverence for elders and parents, kindness and mutual assistance, responsibility for loved ones. All this is the foundation on which the cell of society is built, the guarantee of its strength and durability.

In this article we will talk about what family values ​​are, what types and classifications, what applies to them, how to educate them, what meaning they carry and how to preserve them, give exhaustive examples and share some tips. nine0005

The concept and definition of family values: what is it

You can open Wikipedia and read a long, cleverly written definition. But we will take a simpler path and try to explain everything in our own words.

Family values ​​are customs and traditions that are passed down from generation to generation. These are the feelings that make it strong. This is everything that people experience together inside the house - joy and sorrow, well-being or problems and difficulties. nine0005

Classification and types of the concept of family values ​​

It is customary to distinguish two main classifications - classical or traditional, and progressive or modern. Let's take a closer look at each of these models.

Traditional values: what they are

  • Patriarchal way of life. Marriages in which a man is the main one, he is the main earner and he has the last word are far from uncommon. The word of the father, his opinion is not questioned, he is respected and obeyed. The reverse side of this model is the sole responsibility for their relatives and friends. The head of the family takes on his shoulders the solution of all problems and difficult situations. A woman here is, first of all, a wife and mother. She fulfills herself through the birth and upbringing of children, the creation of a cozy and trusting atmosphere, and takes care of all household chores. nine0116
  • Having many children, or at least having two children. The appearance of each child in such unions is a continuation of the family, happiness and joy.
  • Cultivation and education of values, an incomplete list of which includes love, kindness towards each other, respect for all members of the family.
  • The tradition of matchmaking, when the parents of the young pick up the bride or groom, and the children always ask for blessings from the elders.

Values ​​of the modern unit of society

Love, trust and mutual assistance are still at the core. However, times are changing, each era brings with it something new, progressive. Our society has become freer and more open. These factors influence the formation of the worldview of our citizens.

Some changes have also affected marriage principles.

  • A woman now performs not only the role of mother and housewife. She successfully realizes herself in the profession, builds a career, earns money on a par with her husband. And household duties are often divided equally, by mutual agreement. nine0116
  • Practical people began to enter into marriage contracts or simply cohabit without formalizing the relationship.
  • Marriage began later - the pace of life has changed. Young people want to do everything - get a higher education, work, get some experience, get on their feet. Only having achieved everything planned, they seriously begin to think about the formation of a new unit of society.

All these phenomena are present in our society today and this is normal. The main thing here is not to overdo it in your aspirations, to know the measure and remember the precepts of our ancestors. Everything should be in due time - love, wedding, children and grandchildren. nine0005

Types of family values: what they mean for everyone

There are many examples of family values ​​- this is a rather extensive topic for sociological research. But we will focus only on the main ones.


The main family value is love. It manifests itself in tenderness towards loved ones, the desire to take care of them, protect them, and be constantly there. Unions based on love are happy and prosperous. They are a strong stronghold, a safe haven, where you can always return, get support and comfort. nine0005


It is important to learn to trust each other and teach your children to do the same. With every problem, failure, any experience, you must share with your family. Trust is hard to buy for any money, it can only be earned, and often takes many years.


This is the desire to help the weak, defenseless, support him, the need to be useful. Such relationships make the family more harmonious.


Another guarantee of the strength of love bonds. Willingness to be with a loved one in sorrow and in joy, in spite of any temptations. This quality forms in a person from early childhood such qualities as loyalty to one's word, deed, devotion in friendship. nine0005

Mutual understanding

It is important to understand each other perfectly, to respect the interests and aspirations of your soulmate and children. Feeling support, a person develops not only spiritually, but also rises in sports, career, achieves great success.


It is expressed in respect for the individuality of each member of the family, the inadmissibility of "breaking" one spouse to the interests and needs of the other, non-interference in the affairs of the young by the parents. nine0005

What are family values ​​and how to cultivate them: some useful examples

Everything good and bad is instilled in a person from childhood. All norms, rules of behavior the child receives from parents, grandparents. On their examples, he learns, adopts experience, a model of behavior and attitude towards others. Therefore, it is necessary to educate children, to instill in them the rules from a very early age. One of the most accessible ways to do this naturally and naturally is through tradition. In each family, they can be completely different, but they solve one important task - to unite and strengthen. nine0005

  • Joint tea parties with cake, sweets, delicious homemade cakes. It is useful once or several times a month to gather at the same table with a large circle of loved ones. In a cozy atmosphere, you can pleasantly discuss everyday affairs, interesting news, report on the achievements of your grandchildren. This tradition will promote the development of such values ​​as respect for elders, love and kindness.
  • Joint evening leisure - board games such as dominoes, loto or mafia, a game of chess. It is quite probable that the child will transfer this tradition later to his own cell. nine0116
  • Regular excursions to the nearest cities, memorial sites, museums, parks, zoos.
  • A healthy lifestyle can also become a tradition. Every weekend, depending on the season, you can go to the park to ride bicycles, roller skates, skates, sleds. It brings great pleasure and a lot of impressions to children. Such memories remain for life.
  • Travel together. It doesn't have to be a trip to the sea. Many people like to go to the forest, to the river, with tents, bowlers, sleep in sleeping bags, fish, cook fish soup on a fire, sing songs with a guitar in the evening. For children, this is an extraordinary adventure, and for parents, such a vacation will allow them to escape from everyday life, refresh their senses and just enjoy nature. nine0116

In the past few years, educational institutions have also joined the process of fostering family traditions.

In kindergartens:

  • Common Saturdays – cognitive quests on various topics are prepared for parents and children. Children are divided into teams, walk around the stations and complete tasks together with moms and dads.
  • Joint leisure - the guys prepare a small concert program, play performances, invite parents to take part in competitions. nine0116

Schools for high school students introduced an elective course in psychology, which is taught by a professional psychologist. They discuss topical issues related to gender relations, often disassemble controversial situations.

The meaning of family values ​​

They form in a small person an understanding of the role of the family, its significance and uniqueness. It is in the environment of loved ones that children learn to correctly express their feelings, kindness and generosity, respect and responsibility for their actions, love, trust and honesty. nine0005

Parents should pay special attention to their behavior, actions, manner of communication. Because it is they who represent for the child a “living” example of relationships within the union.

Preservation of family values: what is the main task of our generation

The 90s, marked in our history by such phenomena as freedom, independence, permissiveness, disrespect for adults and their opinion, are left behind. People understood the significance of their personal history, became more interested in the past of their kind, the origin and etymology of their surname. In many houses and apartments you can see large photographic portraits of your relatives. There was a renewed interest in the forgotten custom of compiling an album. nine0005

People choose photos that depict the most significant events and emotions for them - weddings, the birth of children, their first steps and achievements, celebrations of important dates. When the children grow up, you can also involve them in creating an album - come up with interesting captions and comments for each photo and write them on special paper, choose the photo you like.

One of the clearest manifestations of respect for one's history is the action "Immortal Regiment", which is held in many cities of Russia 9May in honor of Victory Day. Small children carrying a photo of their relatives know very well who they are, where they fought, how they died, bravely defending their homeland.

More and more interest is the study of the past, the history of ancestors - how they looked, lived, who they were, what they did, where did the family come from, who was its founder. This is very difficult and painstaking work. To learn at least something, you need to raise archives, study documents. Many simply do not know where to start and in what direction to move. Help in this difficult, but such an exciting business is offered by the "Russian House of Genealogy". nine0005

What makes our method unique?

  • We have developed a detailed family instruction book. Drawing up a family tree has become available even for a simple person who has nothing to do with science, you just need to follow the recommendations.
  • We help our clients understand what archives are, how to access them, how to work with documents, how to write letters there.
  • We provide free consulting support to our clients – we help them in self-registration of their pedigree. nine0116

Creating a family and cultivating values ​​is a difficult task. It requires great dedication and painstaking long-term work. It is in marriage that such qualities as fidelity to one's ideals, friends and relatives, devotion to one's fatherland, love and faith, kindness and generosity, responsibility and mutual assistance, respect not only for elders, but also for everyone around are laid. Simple rules and moral foundations, formed within the home, are then transferred to society.

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